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Mirrors of French ideals?

authors were not the first to reject aspects of the Borromean episcopate, though it had not previously been done publicly. The bishop of Bologna, Paleotti, had criticised what he considered to be Borromeo’s excessively centralised control of his clergy, his extreme austerity and his inability to compromise with those less rigorous than himself.143 Agostino Valier, another prominent post-Trent bishop, privately reproved Borromeo’s rigid defence of ecclesiastical jurisdiction in his correspondence with Federico Borromeo, and counselled Federico not to attempt to imitate

in Fathers, pastors and kings
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way and put into the hands of the poor deluded people that which is fitted to turn them from their folly.’16 From Montserrat, Loyola went to nearby Manresa. Here the division between Loyola’s champions and his debunkers became a chasm. For his Jesuit biographers his extreme austerities – standing for hours at a time to pray, sleeping in a cave and scourging himself three times a day – finally brought him close to heaven. Sceptics retorted that they brought him close to insanity: instead of consulting Scripture for words of truth, ‘he … lived entirely in ecstasies

in Making and remaking saints in nineteenth-century Britain
The fraught relationship between women and the Catholic Church in Ireland

  192 12 Irreconcilable differences? The fraught relationship between women and the Catholic Church in Ireland Sharon Tighe-​Mooney Introduction In the introduction to From Prosperity to Austerity, Eamon Maher and Eugene O’Brien write, in the context of attempts to voice caution during the Irish boom, that the consensus between government, the media and business interests held ‘that anyone who opposed the current ideology was against progress, was rooted in the past, or was incapable of seeing the benefits to all of our exceptional prosperity’ (2014: 5). The

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism
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The Scottish revolution?

hotchpotch which continues to provide hunting-ground for textual detectives. Knox was the driving force behind it, but not the sole author. We know that a section on obedience to magistrates was cut from the original draft, at the insistence of John Winram and William Maitland of Lethington. Winram and Maitland also ‘did . . . mitigate the austerity of many words and sentences which sounded to proceed rather of some evil conceived opinion than of any sound judgement’. Yet perhaps because it was written in such haste, the finished document does not read like the work of a

in The origins of the Scottish Reformation

sounds. The statutes also contained prescriptions ‘on the Fasts and the Common diett’ and on the austerity of conventual life.14 It was important to control one’s appetite and to accept simple, bland foods without seeking the gratification of one’s taste buds through more delicate dishes; gluttony was one of the seven deadly sins, and was believed to lead to sloth. To take pleasure in the associations of favourite tastes was also construed as an inclination to a kind of lust, a delight of the senses. Eating should not be sensual but, rather, a pragmatic duty meant to

in English Benedictine nuns in exile in the seventeenth century
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Street photography, humanism and the loss of innocence

Landscape’, in Eamon Maher and Eugene O’Brien (eds.), From Prosperity to Austerity: A Socio-​cultural   87 Refracted visions Critique of the Celtic Tiger and Its Aftermath, Manchester: Manchester University of Press, pp. 103–​18. Dalsimer, Adele M. (ed.) (1993) Visualizing Ireland: National Identity and the Pictorial Tradition, London: Faber and Faber. Dalsimer, Adele M. and Vera Krielkamp (1993) ‘Introduction’, in Adele M. Dalsimer (ed.), Visualizing Ireland: National Identity and the Pictorial Tradition, London: Faber and Faber. de Paor, Máire (1993) ‘Irish

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism
A new church for the unhoused

-​liberal rationality but, on the contrary, to an unprecedented intensification of the deployment of neo-​liberal political rationality. As the Market proved itself to be the God that Failed, the response was not to dismantle a system or question a logic that had generated hitherto unseen levels of inequality, greed and environmental destructiveness but to use public monies to subsidise private losses and to introduce a series of austerity measures that primarily targeted public goods. Pope Francis, in his 2015 encyclical letter, Laudato si: On Care for Our Common Home, noted

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism

services were better delivered by, and more acceptably received from, local voluntary bodies than from an impersonal state bureaucracy. Both the Welfare Board and the Housing Association received financial support to assist in the delivery of social policy objectives. This often enhanced the budgets of the Jewish charities but left them at risk in times of austerity and cuts in public expenditure. 12.1 First President of the

in Leeds and its Jewish Community
The body as witness

altogether, out of fear that, if she revealed it, the doctors would exempt her from her duties and prohibit fasting. When she finally acknowledged her ailment, ‘t’was too far gone for a cure’. The ‘most able & skilful Phisitians’ were called but pronounced her cancer to be incurable. Although secrecy was in contradiction of the statutes, the notice did not reprove Conyers’s choice, since it was motivated by a desire to ignore personal discomfort in order to continue her austerities and religious observance. The writer tiptoed around Conyers’s questionable silence by saying

in English Benedictine nuns in exile in the seventeenth century

austerity of the 1950s, IMI was a beneficiary of Grant Counterpart funding albeit to a more modest extent than Muintir, Macra and the ICA. A portion of the cost of setting up a Management Development Unit within IMI to run short, full-​ time courses with ‘the task of broadening the vision of future top managers’ was provided from the Department of Industry and Commerce’s share of the allocation for Technical Assistance. Another feature of IMI’s early years was links with productivity promotion initiatives in Europe that originated with and continued to be sustained by US

in Church, state and social science in Ireland