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Social policy in the third way

A lot of the Swedish debate focused on the public sector and on the need for cuts and savings in public expenditure. 6 In 1980, the liberal government proposed a programme of austerity, with cuts in the public sector, and in the following year a committee of enquiry, the Expert Group for Study of the Public Sector ( Expertgruppen för studier i offentlig ekonomi ), ESO, was appointed to develop

in Between growth and security
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production, and it was this tension that led to struggle and rearticulation in the period following. In a sense, it is fair to say that the relative hegemony of the SAP in the post-war period coexisted with increasing antagonism around the welfare state throughout this same period, an antagonism first concerned with problems of maturity and affluence, and then with a return to scarcity and austerity. Neither the

in Between growth and security
Paving the path for a new identity

to the economic crisis until the mid-1980s, when austerity programmes replaced the expansionist and redistributive policies of the socialist government. In West Germany, the Christian Democratic Government looked to deregulation and the curbing of labour union power. This, combined with developments in the international economy and the growing currency of neoliberal views, encouraged business

in The social construction of Swedish neutrality
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apparatuses' inability to deal with them as they did with older threats, which is in turn a function of the threat and of austerity and the limits on the tools available. Thus, Mark Rowley, the UK police's chief counter-terrorism officer, said, ‘the police “cannot succeed alone” in defeating the terror threat and that the public must be vigilant about reporting suspicious behaviour in their area’ (in Mason

in Everyday security threats
Bildt, Europe and neutrality in the post-Cold War era

, particularly the Moderates, support for the EU was pitched at the level of distancing Sweden from its Social Democratic heritage, and was a way to become ‘part of Europe’. For the Moderate Party, the EC was the solution to ridding Sweden of some long-held ‘myths’ such as neutrality and the welfare state. In the October 1990 austerity package, the government announced (in a footnote) its intention to submit an

in The social construction of Swedish neutrality

6 Source : ICM Survey, ‘Security in an age of austerity’, 6–15 June 2012. Clearly, the most common definitions of security centred on the absence of threats, most especially to the individual, then to humans in general, and lastly to the community in which people live

in Everyday security threats
Labour and intelligence during the Second World War

. An interesting talk.’ 98 Another reason for SOE’s demise as a separate organisation can be found in the minutes of the ad hoc committee looking into post-war special operations, where it was pointed out that that it was ‘uneconomical’ for separate branches of the Secret Service to continue. At a time of fiscal austerity, with Britain facing a ‘financial Dunkirk’, it was sound advice. 99 Even before

in Intelligence, security and the Attlee governments, 1945–51

Irish body was rendered cannibalistic. This image bled into a hegemonic British wartime narrative in which Ireland – imagined as a land of milk and honey thanks to its blissful neutrality – was juxtaposed with the slim-bodied people of austerity Blighty. These examples demonstrate how food issues were propagandised during wartime. A dichotomous narrative of, on the one

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45

another process of rearticulation of social democratic ideology, where its postwar articulations around affluence were replaced by the ideological adaptation to the society of permanent austerity. 43 In this process, growth gained a decisive ideological upper hand and party policy focused on handling the economic crisis, despite the continued expansion of the welfare state in certain key areas, such as

in Between growth and security

characterised the security sector reform process as a whole. However, it is also a consequence of the sheer scale of the task at hand: restructuring and reforming in -stitutions whose authoritarian-era habits and structures are deeply em -bedded is an inevitably difficult process, particularly in the context of severe financial austerity. The Army posed perhaps the most formidable

in Security sector reform in transforming societies