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In defence of the Irish essay

-fiction, however, represents a different set of priorities and complications. In the 1960s and 1970s, as fictional techniques in non-fiction became more popular in the United States (with the rise of New Journalism and the non-fiction novel), the use of dialogue, characterisation, description and such in non-fiction became more standard. As the memoir form itself became more popular in the United States in the 1980s, the emphasis on telling the stories of others shifted to include telling one’s own personal stories.Australian non-fictionist Mark Tredinnick considers the

in Unfolding Irish landscapes
Ireland’s grassroots food growing movement

provision of allotments and behind the USA in terms of the development of community gardens, it has led the way with the GIY model, which has now been adopted overseas with the establishment of GIY Australia’s first growing group in 2010. A close look at the grassroots food growing movement in Irish society reveals that it can be classified broadly into four types of dynamics in terms of how grassroots food projects emerge, change and are driven, and these are considered next. Organised food growing Pudup’s (2008) term ‘organised garden project’ is useful in beginning to

in Spacing Ireland
Concepts and practice

Ruralis 44 (4): 395–​415. http://​doi.org/​10.1111/​ j.1467–​9523.2004.00283.x 35 36 Urban gardening and the struggle for justice Lawson, L. J. (2005):  City Bountiful:  A Century of Community Gardening in America. London: University of California Press Ltd. Lyons, K., Richards, C., Desfours, L. and Amati, M. (2013): Food in the city: urban food movements and (re)-​imagining of urban spaces. Australian Planner 50 (2): 157–​163. https://​doi.org/​10.1080/​07293682.2013.776983 Marois, T. and Pradella, L. (2014):  Polarising development:  introducing alternatives to

in Urban gardening and the struggle for social and spatial justice
Young people in migrant worker families in Ireland

job. As conjecture over the state of the Irish economy and what the future held for Ireland grew, families such as Philip’s were keenly aware that they needed to have a plan for the future, one that would provide for their financial needs. Conclusions Similarities can be drawn between the CEE young migrants who moved to Ireland in the first decade of the 2000s, some of whom are likely to out-migrate predominantly because of the economic situation and associated unemployment, and those Irish young people currently emigrating to Australia, the USA, the UK and other

in Spacing Ireland
Abstract only
Geographies of the post-boom era

talk about Ireland in the language of ruin. Filmed on the streets of Melbourne, Australia, a young Irish emigrant railed against the impact of the crash on his hometown in Tipperary: ‘there is nothing there: nothing, nothing, nothing’ (Arrivals, 2011). The impact and attempts at resolution of many of these issues were revealed during the 2011 Irish presidential election. In the debates and manifestos presented by the candidates, questions of identity loomed large. These involved pleas to community, locality, core values, roots and national pride. That Michael D

in Spacing Ireland
Securing or denying minorities’ right to the city?

garden grow? Examining gender roles and relations in community gardens. Leisure Studies 24 (2): 177–​192. Peck, J. and Tickell, A. (2002):  Neoliberalizing space. In:  Brenner, N. and Theodore, N. (Eds): Spaces of Neoliberalism: Urban Restructuring in North America and Western Europe. Malden, MA, Oxford, UK and Carlton, Australia: Blackwell Publishers Ltd, 33–​57. Pudup, M. (2008):  It takes a garden:  cultivating citizen-​ subjects in organized garden projects. Geoforum 39: 1228–​1240. Purcell, M. (2002): Excavating Lefebvre: the right to the city and its urban

in Urban gardening and the struggle for social and spatial justice

). At the same time, urban gardens around the world are being used by municipalities as a social tool to empower underprivileged populations, such as the poor and elderly in Melbourne, Australia, and Jerusalem, Israel (Agustina and Beilin, 2012; Eizenberg and Fenster, 2015), and for immigrants and minorities in many cities in North America and Europe (Shan and Walter, 2015; Twiss et al.,  2011). Roys’ research (­chapter 6) navigates between these two ways of understanding the phenomenon by revealing those that still are denied different rights by the same policies

in Urban gardening and the struggle for social and spatial justice

which the computers enabled or by the nonusage of other destructive technologies; there was the further consideration that computers did not cause significantly more environmental damage than did other technologies. Some activists argued that CMC use decreased the environmentally damaging effects of other activities, and thus had energy- and resource-saving potential. Energy is saved, for example, because ‘it’s much more energy efficient for me to email Australia than to send a parcel or go there. There’s also video conferencing’ (Charlotte Cosserat, CAT). Furthermore

in Cyberprotest
The restructuring of work in Britain

. Within this debate, the neo-liberal assumption has been that wages are most flexible and competitive where their determination is decentralised. Different national models of wage determination are commonly contrasted in policy documentation, and a competitive ‘benchmark’ established: ‘In most countries where relative wages have been flexible (the US, Canada, UK, Australia), both the relative employment and unemployment rates of the unskilled changed little during the 1980s. In comparatively inflexible Europe, on the other hand, both relative employment and unemployment

in Globalisation contested
Abstract only
Ireland’s ‘ABC of earth wonders’

, such as Brian Friel’s play Translations (1980), have also confronted this moment of history. 21 Doherty, The Irish Ordnance Survey, 11. 22 Graham Huggan, Territorial Disputes:  Maps and Mapping Strategies in Contemporary Canadian and Australian Fiction (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994), 14. 23 Robinson, Setting Foot, 3. 24 Huggan, Territorial Disputes, 3. 25 Tim Robinson, My Time in Space (Dublin: Lilliput, 2001), 99. 26 Robinson, Setting Foot, 72 27 Robinson, Setting Foot, 79. 28 Robinson, Setting Foot, 102. 29 Robinson, Setting Foot, 76. 30 Robinson

in Unfolding Irish landscapes