Rethinking Digital Divides by Linda Leung

Linda Leung (2018) Technologies of Refuge and Displacement: Rethinking Digital Divides (Lanham, MA: Lexington Books), hardcover, 141 pages; ISBN: 978-1-14985-0002-9 In her book Technologies of Refuge and Displacement: Rethinking Digital Divides , Linda Leung – a researcher at University of Technology Sydney, Australia – provides a systematic empirical analysis of data collected between 2007 and 2011, which involved more than 100 interviews with individuals from refugee

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation

, 28 , 998 , doi: 10.1353/hrq.2006.0039 . ACFID ( 2016 ), Innovation for Impact: How Australian NGOs Nurture and Scale Up New Ideas ( Deakin : Australian Council for International Development ). Age and Disability Capacity Programme (ADCAP) ( 2018 ), Standards for Older People and People with Disabilities: Age and Disability Consortium ( London

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts

. Sandvik , K. B. ( 2018 ), ‘ Technology, Dead Male Bodies, and Feminist Recognition: Gendering ICT Harm Theory’ , Australian Feminist Law Journal , 44 : 1 , 49 – 69 . Sandvik , K. B. ( 2019 ), ‘ Technologizing the Fight against Sexual Violence: A Critical Scoping’, PRIO Paper (Oslo: PRIO) , www

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

be changed: Article 12 is one. Articles 1 and 2 are agreed as stating the position, and we would consider it inadvisable to alter them. Article 12 is the first serious one; Article 17, Article 24 or certain portions of it, Article 36, Article 40, Article 41, Article 50, Article 55, Article 58, Article 65, Article 67, Article 77, Article 79.18 Ibid., col 480, 20 September 1922. The three Dominions he refers to are Canada, Australia and the Union of South Africa. 13 Ibid., cols 498–9, 20 September 1922. Churchill said something similar but in relation to the

in Drafting the Irish Free State Constitution

. 95 below. 85 It should also be noted that, although the Australian Constitution (The Commonwealth of Australia Act 1900) did not expressly confer a power of judicial review upon the High Court, the doctrine developed years later and is said to be based on a number of provisions in the Constitution. See Anthony Mason, ‘The Role of a Constitutional Court in a Federation: A Comparison of the Australian and the United States Experience’ (1986) 16 Federal Law Review 1, and K.E. Foley, ‘Australian Judicial Review’ (2007) 6 Wash U Global Studies Law Review 281. 86

in Drafting the Irish Free State Constitution

, including those of the Dominions (Canada, South Africa, Australia), the older constitutions such as the Swiss, French and American constitutions, the postwar constitutions of Poland, the Baltic states, Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia and Estonia as well as a mix of other countries such as Mexico, Norway, Sweden and Denmark. The Committee was impressed with the enthusiasm for democratic ideals and popular sovereignty which permeated the postwar constitutions. In particular, the German (Weimar) Constitution of 1919 was frequently referred to during Interview with Tom

in Drafting the Irish Free State Constitution

once they have seen the Constitution because they will be horribly frightened by the bad example that the Constitution gives to independent elements of the Dominions; I am sure that they will make desperate efforts to get the Oath into the Constitution on the ground that they have stuck it into the Acts creating Dominion Governments in Canada, Australia and Africa.37 He goes on to say they should not concede this point about the inclusion of the oath as it is within their rights to leave it to standing orders. He also notes that he is apprehensive of the concessions

in Drafting the Irish Free State Constitution

enactment of the British Territorial Waters Jurisdiction Act, 1878, 41 and 42 Vict. c. 73. 8 See, e.g., the law in Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom; see also Green, ‘Canadian law, war crimes and crimes against humanity’, 59 Brit. Y.B. Int’l Law (1988), 217

in The contemporary law of armed conflict

, Australian and Swiss precedents than in the post-War Constitutions of the new Continental Republics. In the latter democratic zeal, political doctrinarism and distrust of the mechanism of parties and parliaments had combined to produce a highly involved design of direct legislation interwoven with the fabric of representative institutions.69 No doubt these were also factors in the Irish situation and an examination of the referendum provisions in the postwar constitutions will reveal their influence on the Irish document. However, during a speech to the American Bar

in Drafting the Irish Free State Constitution
Privacy, liability and interception

by the whistle-blower Edward Snowden and The Guardian newspaper in June to October 2013. 18 ‘Five Eyes’ (or more formally AUSCANNZUKUS) describes the cooperation between the intelligence (i.e. espionage) agencies of the Anglo-Saxon powers during what in English-speaking countries was called the Cold War between the US/allies and the Warsaw Pact/allies. 19 The United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New

in Network neutrality