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Two firsts and the greatest?

8 The US, Australia and India: two firsts and the greatest? This chapter examines the passage of three of the most influential pieces of FOI legislation: the world’s first modern law passed in the US in 1966, one of the first pieces of FOI legislation in a Westminster-style system in Australia in 1982 and the landmark Right to Information (RTI) Act 2005 in India. Symbolically, the three laws involved passing a powerful ‘right’ to the ‘people’ and a deepening of democracy, bound up in ‘transformative’ narratives. Each was a case of small groups inside and outside

in The politics of freedom of information

Football, diplomacy and Australia in the Asian century 147 8 Football, diplomacy and Australia in the Asian century David Rowe Admitting and expelling Australia? On the eve of the final of the 2015 AFC (Asian Football Confederation) Asian Cup final between host nation Australia and South Korea, the host city’s major newspaper, the Sydney Morning Herald, carried a story about a move among some of the west Asian (especially Gulf) nations to expel Australia from the Asian Football Confederation.1 For those among the hosts who believed that securing the event

in Sport and diplomacy
The Irish in Australia

3995 Migrations.qxd:text 5/8/13 11:39 Page 147 8 (Re)negotiating belonging: the Irish in Australia Patricia M. O’Connor Introduction Belonging is a complex concept. More than a synonym of identity, this multidimensional construct brings together ‘a personal, intimate, feeling of being “at home” in a place (place-belongingness)’ and ‘forms of socio-spatial inclusions/exclusion (politics of belonging)’ (Antonsich, 2010: 644). Belonging therefore, has both individual and collective components, strong affective underpinnings and is intrinsically spatial

in Migrations
How and why governments pass laws that threaten their power

Why do governments pass freedom of information laws? The symbolic power and force surrounding FOI makes it appealing as an electoral promise but hard to disengage from once in power. However, behind closed doors compromises and manoeuvres ensure that bold policies are seriously weakened before they reach the statute book.

The politics of freedom of information examines how Tony Blair's government proposed a radical FOI law only to back down in fear of what it would do. But FOI survived, in part due to the government's reluctance to be seen to reject a law that spoke of 'freedom', 'information' and 'rights'. After comparing the British experience with the difficult development of FOI in Australia, India and the United States – and the rather different cases of Ireland and New Zealand – the book concludes by looking at how the disruptive, dynamic and democratic effects of FOI laws continue to cause controversy once in operation.

4 Safer sex representations Sex research and sex education in the context of AIDS have extended beyond the classroom. In response to the AIDS crisis of the 1980s the Australian and British governments funded national public health television campaigns. The aim of these advertising campaigns was to promote AIDS awareness and safer sex practice to the general heterosexual population. Since then there has been a proliferation of safer sex representations in the mass media. These mainstream AIDS representations have been studied and analysed in order to assess

in Object matters
Australia, France and Sweden compared

16 Work and care regimes and women’s employment outcomes: Australia, France and Sweden compared Dominique Anxo, Marian Baird and Christine Erhel Introduction The objective of this chapter is to analyse how national care regimes interact with the employment regime to influence female employment outcomes. We do this with a comparative analysis of Australia (population 24 million), France (62 million) and Sweden (9.5 million), three advanced market economies that have distinct and contrasting employment and care regimes. For the employment regime, we focus on paid

in Making work more equal
Open Access (free)
Ontologies of connection, reconstruction of memory

133 Pacific imaginaries 133 capitalism, established cultural habits of exchange could find a place in the trading circuits set up by the colonial empires. Finally, the reconstruction of memory in the Pacific’s ocean civilisation revives the values of the past in a project of renewed connection. The chapter ends with a section on Australia’s ambivalent cultures which have emerged from the British-Australian project of colonizing the lands and worlds of old world indigenous civilisations. Australia, in particular, is in the Pacific, but also out of place in the

in Debating civilisations

legal rules currently diverge in Australia, the UK and the USA. The differences have been characterised as reflecting ‘the comparative values that a particular society places on human life, and on property, privacy and dignity of the home’ (Green, 1999: 40). In this chapter we examine these comparisons and the press and other campaigns lobbying for changes in the law to protect homeowners. It is paradoxical that while governments have encouraged responsibilised homeowners to take defensive precautions against becoming victims of crime, individuals aggressively

in Domestic fortress

frontier.8 To these was added a second generation of volumes in the same genre, designed to ‘fill the gaps’ and expand the purview beyond America to other countries and continents. Notable here were A.C. Todd’s The Search for Silver: Cornish Miners in Mexico, 1824–1947 (1977), Philip Payton’s The Cornish Miner in Australia: Cousin Jack Down Under (1984), Richard D. Dawe’s Cornish Pioneers in South Africa: ‘Gold and Diamonds, Copper and Blood’ (1998) and, more recently, Sharron P. Schwartz’s The Cornish in Latin America: Cousin Jack in the New World (2016).9 Much of this

in British and Irish diasporas
Abstract only

, further and further into the individualising, responsibilising neoliberal agenda of healthcare rationing and private provision. Thus, the relatively small number of international medical tourists (very conservatively sixty to eighty thousand per annum in the UK, twenty to thirty thousand per annum in Australia) is only set to grow as patients who are less well-off are squeezed out of increasingly privatised and expensive domestic markets. In this context, understanding the intricacies of different IMT sectors is vital: as Beth Kangas (2011: 329) writes, ‘speaking in

in Beautyscapes