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So what went wrong?
Odette Best

5 Training the ‘natives’ as nurses in Australia: so what went wrong? Odette Best Introduction The story of the Aboriginal women who participated in Australia’s nursing history remains largely untold. In the first six decades of the twentieth century, Aboriginal people were confronted with harsh exclusionary practices that forced them to live in settlements, reserves and missions.1 While many Aboriginal women worked in domestic roles (in white people’s homes and on rural properties), small numbers were trained at public hospitals and some Aboriginal women

in Colonial caring
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Australian flight nurses in the Korean War
Maxine Dahl

12 Moving forward: Australian flight nurses in the Korean War Maxine Dahl During the Second World War Australia developed an efficient air evacuation system for its battlefield casualties that saw wounded men transported by air and accompanied by trained flight teams. Management of this system was the responsibility of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). The air evacuation system was based on the US air evacuation model from the Second World War in which the registered nurse assumed the role of team leader for the duration of the flight.1 For RAAF flight

in One hundred years of wartime nursing practices, 1854–1953

This book demonstrates the continuities and the changes in wartime nursing during the one hundred years, from 1854 to 1953. It examines the work that nurses of many differing nations undertook during the Crimean War, the Boer War, the Spanish Civil War, both World Wars and the Korean War. The influence that Florence Nightingale had on Southern women providing nursing care to Confederate soldiers during the American Civil War, and the work of the flight nurses, are detailed. The book also examines the challenges faced by nurses caring for the thousands of soldiers suffering from typhoid epidemics, and those at the Norwegian Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (NORMASH). The decades following the Crimean War witnessed a burgeoning of personal narratives relating accounts of nurses who ministered to combatants in the Franco-Prussian and Anglo-Zulu wars. In considering the work of First World War military nurses, the book explores the dangerous military and political worlds in which nurses negotiated their practice. The book argues that the air evacuation system which had originated during the Second World War was an exciting nursing innovation for the service of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). At the beginning of the Second Anglo-Boer War, there were three distinct groups of female nurses: the Army Nursing Reserve; civilian nurses; and volunteers, many of whom came under the auspices of the Red Cross. The humanitarian work of trained and volunteer nurses after the liberation of Bergen-Belsen in 1945, and their clinical wisdom enabled many of the victims to rehabilitate.

This book explores how skilled nursing practice develop to become an essential part of the modern health system. It traces the history and development of nursing practice in Europe and North America. The book explores two broad categories of nursing work: the 'hands-on' clinical work of nurses in hospitals and the work of nurses in public health, which involved health screening, health education and public health crisis management. Until the end of the eighteenth century sick children were, for the most part, cared for at home and, if admitted to hospital, were cared for alongside adults. Around 1900 the baby wards of the children's hospitals had a poor reputation because of their high mortality rates due to poor hygiene, malnutrition and insufficient knowledge of child and infant healthcare . The book relates particular experiences of Australian and New Zealand nurses during World War I, With a focus on 'the life of a consumptive' in early twentieth-century Ireland, it examine the experiences of the sanatorium patient. sanatorium nursing. As sanatoria became a special division of public health, sanatorium nursing developed as a branch of nursing distinct from other branches. An analysis of public health and nursing issues during the cholera epidemic shows the changes in the city's health administration and the nursing system after the epidemic. The nurses' work with schoolchildren, coal miners and migrant workers is also examined against the backdrop of economic, social, political, racial and healthcare forces.

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The meaning of food to New Zealand and Australian nurses far from home in World War I, 1915–18
Pamela J. Wood and Sara Knight

2 The taste of war: The meaning of food to New Zealand and Australian nurses far from home in World War I, 1915–18 Pamela J. Wood and Sara Knight In World War I, from 1915, contingents of nurses from New Zealand and Australia served overseas, far from home. From their countries at the southernmost edge of the British Empire, they travelled across the world to the Middle East and Western Europe, lands foreign to them and often strange, intriguing and unsettling. Even Britain, still regarded as ‘home’ and the ‘mother country’ to those in the Antipodes, puzzled

in Histories of nursing practice
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Katherine Foxhall

, therapeutics, and disinfection, as well as institutional backing for post-mortem examinations provided opportunities for surgeons to participate collectively in practices that increased their professional standing. On an individual level, these voyages were another stepping-stone through a career that might combine service in a British hospital, on a West African patrol, or in an Australian prison. Placed side by side with a sailor’s diary, emigrant’s letter, or a passenger’s diary, however, it is clear that these official medical

in Health, medicine, and the sea
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Katherine Foxhall

allowed her passage after hearing the woman’s ‘earnest entreaty to be permitted to proceed, in expectation that the voyage would give her a chance of recovery’. 1 What did it mean for people like Mrs Bateup, and the surgeons who watched over them, to take a sailing voyage to Australia in the first half of the nineteenth century? Mrs Bateup’s story begins to take us beyond a lingering assumption that poor emigrants and convicts who did not or could not write eyewitness accounts of their time at sea were simply ‘cargo’, their

in Health, medicine, and the sea
Katherine Foxhall

has persisted in popular conceptions of Australian egalitarianism, but diaries such as these two men’s show that in fact the opposite was often true. Cabin doors and hatchways between decks reinforced cultural and social distance even as they allowed cabin passengers easy access to comment on the physically proximate world ‘below’. Just as the middle classes of nineteenth-century Britain took it upon themselves to sanitise, moralise, and represent the private spaces of the poor in the name of public health, so writers at

in Health, medicine, and the sea
Katherine Foxhall

The British government first sent convicts to New South Wales in 1787, after the War of Independence had ended the possibility of banishing them to the American colonies. 1 From the first fleet until the system finally ended in 1868, 163,000 men and women colonised the Australian colonies as convicts. The majority came from the British mainland, around a quarter from Ireland. Much smaller groups also travelled from the Caribbean, South Africa and the Indian Ocean, reflecting Australia’s role in a global imperial system

in Health, medicine, and the sea
Katherine Foxhall

After negotiating the swells of the English Channel or the unpredictable Irish Sea, the captains of Australia-bound ships steered into the Atlantic and headed south-by-south-west through the notoriously heavy seas of the Bay of Biscay. Sailors called out as coasts, islands, and peaks appeared on the horizon. Some vessels skirted close enough to the north-western tip of the Spanish mainland to glimpse the Cape of Finisterre. Sailing further to the west of the Iberian coast took ships past Madeira. As the cool waters of

in Health, medicine, and the sea