distribution was an interview with Richard Bourke, an
Australian lawyer who is working on behalf of the inmates at Guantanamo
They are torturing people. They are torturing
people on Guantanamo Bay. They are subjecting them to cruel and
unnecessary treatment. And people sometimes argue about the
definition of torture
Problem of Order (Chicago: Aldine Publishing, 1974).
53 Winifred Barbara Maher and Brendan Maher, ‘“The Ship of Fools”: Stultifera Navis or Ignis Fatuus ?’, American Psychologist , 37:7 (1982), 756–61.
54 Cliff Judge, Civilization and Mental Retardation: A History of the Care and Treatment of Mentally Retarded People (Mulgrave, Australia: Cliff Judge, 1987); Jayne Clapton, ‘Disability, Inclusion and the Christian Church: Practice, Paradox or Promise’, Disability and Rehabilitation , 19:10 (1997), 420–6, at 422
Ben Jonson, Bartholomew Fair , ed.
Suzanne Gossett (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000 ), ‘The Induction on the
stage’, pp. 9–10.
On the history of the discovery of Australia
see Robert Hughes, The Fatal Shore: A History of the
Pilgrimage , 4th edition (London: William Stansby for
Henry Fetherstone, 1626 ), side-note b, p.
I. de Rachelwitz, Prester John and
Europe’s Discovery of East Asia (Canberra:
Australian National University, 1972
stylish, radiant optimism and intellectual initiative, not to speak of her mighty generosity and energy, has revivified
the study of early English literatures in Australian universities.
1 T. S. Eliot, ‘East Coker’, in Collected Poems 1909–1962 (London:
Faber & Faber, 1963), section 5, p. 203.
2 My central case here and throughout the essay is inspired by the
project of Hans-Georg Gadamer, Truth and Method, trans. Joel
Weinsheimer and Donald G. Marshall (London: Sheed & Ward, 2nd
edn, 1989; first published in German, 1960).
3 Ezra Pound, Make It New (New Haven
‘Snail-horn perception’ in Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde
and takes place over time. Falling
in love begins simply with snail-horn perception; that is, with a
powerful sensory encounter. My purposes here are twofold: to
elucidate the ways in which Chaucer first conveys the physiological
and phenomenological processes by which an animal cognises the
world; and, second, how those processes are complicated when
perception becomes social.
My interest in the history of the senses was inspired by the
many sessions on the emotions in medieval literature organised
by the Australian Research Council’s Centre of Excellence for the
Chaucer in the nineteenth-century popular consciousness
Clarke’s initiative had impact, and was followed in 1840 by
The Poems of Geoffrey Chaucer, modernized, edited by Richard
Hengist Horne, poet and journalist (he had changed his second
name from Henry in medievalist enthusiasm), who later spent
nearly twenty years in Australia, from the gold rush onward.
Here, too, ‘modernized’ meant re-spelling and occasional verbal
substitutions, rather than full-scale translation or adaptation. A
review in the Illustrated London News found in the book Chaucer’s
‘magic eloquence’, but also linked his work to many classical
, ‘Translation and animals in Marie de France's Lais ’, Australian journal of French studies , 46.3 (2009), 206–18, esp. 211.
All Beowulf extracts in Old English are from R. D. Fulk, Robert E. Bjork, and John D. Niles (eds), Klaeber's Beowulf and the fight at Finnsburg , 4th edn (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2008) and are cited by line. All translations from Old English are my own unless otherwise noted
The Far East and the limits of representation in the theatre, 1621–2002
On 12 October 2002, a bomb went
off in a nightclub in Bali, the best-known tourist island in
Indonesia. It killed 185 people, the majority Australian
university-age backpackers, but also many Balinese. This shocking
event took place in the space between the close, at the beginning of
the month, of the RSC’s post-Stratford season in
Newcastle-upon-Tyne and its reappearance as
, here the ore is able to resist the mastery of humans and lay bonds on them …’ ( The Natural World , p. 139).
30 Chris Bishop reminds us that the sexual riddles in the Exeter Book often figure the act of coitus as a battle, and ingeniously points out that ‘[i]f the wunderlicu wiht does not care for [ þ ] æs compes , a struggle with women, then perhaps he prefers [ þ ] æt compes , a struggle with men’. Chris Bishop, ‘Ambiguous Eroticism in the Exeter Book’, Journal of the Australian Early Medieval Association , 2 (2006), 9–22, at 13