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British Israel and the Irish past
Brian H. Murray

insisted that the Coronation Stone represented far more than a mere concatenation of myth, legend and history. The British Israelites were a loose Protestant sect united by their belief that the Anglo-Saxon race was descended from the Lost Tribes of Israel and that biblical prophecies on the future of ‘Israel’ and ‘Judah’ actually referred to the British Empire. For British Israelites, the stone provided a vital archaeological thread connecting the British monarchy with the biblical Kingdom of David. Although reliant on established medieval genealogies, the British

in Chosen peoples
Simon Schama

the British Empire and in particular the history of the abolition of the trade, I had of course read and subscribed to Eric Williams’s denunciation of what he took to be the sanctimonious, self-serving hypocrisies of the evangelicals.30 In the 1960s, we were very much in the business of knocking saints off their pedestals, including or even especially focusing on the Clapham Sect.31 Wilberforce? A man who once the trade had been abolished took no interest in slavery itself but turned to Henry Thornton32 and said ‘Well Henry, what shall we abolish now?’ The answer

in Religion and rights
Abstract only
Andrew Sneddon

/2); Carsington Parish Register, 1687–1719 (D.R.O., Church of England parish registers, D2681, A/PI 1/3); Bernard Burke, A genealogical and heraldic dictionary of the peerage and baronetage of the British Empire (London, 1856); Bishop Francis Hutchinson’s commonplace book, 1721–30 (P.R.O.N.I., Down Diocesan Papers, MS DIO/1/22/1, p. 4 [1st pagination]). This commonplace book is split into three sections and has a peculiar pattern of pagination: the first section has no pagination, whilst the middle section has its own pagination, as does the final section. Thus, in order to

in Witchcraft and Whigs
Norman Bonney

unequivocally divided into a unionist north, continuing to be part of the UK, and an independent Irish republic. India had become an independent republic in 1949. The monarchy was no longer imperial. Pakistan and Ceylon had now become independent but in 1953 still retained Elizabeth as Queen. She would have realms and not dominions, and she would become Head of the Commonwealth – a free association of the successor states to former members of the British Empire (Longford 1984: 181, Pimlott 2002: 180). Elizabeth II’s governmental oath was thus as follows: Will you solemnly

in Monarchy, religion and the state
Jeremy Gregory

. Foster and E. Haefeli (eds), The American Colonies in the British Empire, 1607–1776 , Companion VI to the Oxford History of the British Empire (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013). For a survey of the developing position of the church throughout the British colonies during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, see J.F. Woolverton, Colonial Anglicanism in North America (Detroit: Wayne State

in The later Stuart Church, 1660–1714
Abstract only
Benjamin J. Elton

Adler’s refusal to allow a member of the West London Synagogue, Benjamin Elkin, to be buried in the Great Synagogue cemetery by the usual officiant. Adler wanted him to be buried Historical context 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 37 by the sexton. On the other hand, Adler did allow marriages between West London and Great Synagogue families (Persoff, Faith against reason, 33–34). N.M. Adler, Laws and regulations for all the synagogues in the British Empire (London 1847), iii–iv. A religious census in 1851 found that

in Britain’s Chief Rabbis and the religious character of Anglo-Jewry, 1880–1970
Benjamin J. Elton

responsibilities to the state, the general population would come to resent them. The Chief Rabbis saw it as part of their responsibility to exhort their co-religionists to work for the benefit of wider society, and show the non-Jewish community that Jews were making a valuable contribution, and Hertz fulfilled this function. After we have examined Hertz’s religious and communal policies, we compare them to policies in similar communities outside the British Empire, particularly to the policies of rabbis in Germany and the United States, to place their response to modernity in the

in Britain’s Chief Rabbis and the religious character of Anglo-Jewry, 1880–1970
Nationalism, universalism and Europe
John Carter Wood

example, in late 1939, Oldham had declared that the gap between Britons’ ideals and their empire’s achievements made them seem hypocritical. 46 Christians should not, he had written then, pray for national victory (‘as though the British Empire were in any sense God’s favourite’) but rather for the victory of values that they, despite their ‘unworthiness and manifold shortcomings’, might defend. 47 But by the end of June 1940, the empire’s survival was seen as vital. Britons had not only created a free society – ‘acknowledging the rights of the common man and

in This is your hour
Abstract only
John Carter Wood

it should not be forgotten that lead roles in this idealisation were played by its immigrant members.) This romanticised view of the nation’s past contributed to one of the largest absences in the group’s discussions over the period covered in this book: empire. The British Empire had reached its peak in the inter-war period, it was essential to Britain’s war effort and there were initial moves towards decolonisation in the immediate post-war years. However, there were relatively few references to the colonies or the Empire in the Moot, in memoranda of the CCFCL

in This is your hour
A brief survey
Éamonn Ó Ciardha

royalist predecessors and republican successors. Subsequently fractured between Hanoverian accommodationalists and those seduced by the new republican ideologies of the late eighteenth century, Catholic Ireland became the problem child of the British empire. Indeed the Hanoverian dynasty to which they had never been reconciled, would sacrifice Pitt the Younger and Henry Dundas and defy the ‘Iron Duke’ 148 Identity formation: seventeenth–eighteenth centuries (Wellington) before the laurels of Catholic emancipation, the wages of Union, would be won by Daniel O

in Irish Catholic identities