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Leonie Holthaus

-liberal counter-reaction, which was internationally evident in the German rise to power and which was domestically evident, in Spencer’s terms, in the British society’s ‘re-barbarisation’ and in popular support for the war. Hobhouse intended to dissociate sober liberalism from violent imperialism. Although his main ideological adversaries were still overpaid, incompetent and cruel colonial officials, he tried to formulate an especially devastating criticism of British imperialism by identifying it with German thought. 44 Accordingly, German thought led the anti

in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks
Andrew Williams

and democracy. I make bold, however, to suggest that British Imperialism has spread and is spreading democracy more widely than any other system of government since the beginning of time.’35 Williams Chapter 8 258 23/10/98, 11:36 am 259 Self-determination and the NWO Of mandates and ‘savages’ Hence no real contradiction was seen by the main decision makers at Paris in giving a measure of ‘self-determination’ to the Czechs but none at all to those previously dominated by the Ottoman Empire who were clearly not ready for self-government. Smuts squared this with

in Failed imagination?
Christopher K. Colley and Sumit Gunguly

and the United States held different worldviews. The United States was determined to maintain its dominant position as a global hegemon and supported its allies while opposing the USSR and other communist states. India’s leaders quickly saw the United States as less of a defender of post-colonial states and more of an heir to British imperialism. 1 American support for India’s rivals Pakistan, and later China, further divided Washington and New Delhi. Although the United States did support India in its war with China in 1962, and even supplied it with military

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Andrew Williams

tales of ‘war scares’ and British imperialism, were replaced by Wilson with discreet diplomatic feelers to Trotsky and an attempt, through the nascent League of Nations, to institutionalise a liberal economic order.58 Wilson never hid his distaste for Bolshevism, and particularly for its breaking of solemn treaties and agreements, the basis for any such order, but he and Hoover were acutely aware of where the danger lay in openly confronting Bolshevism while giving out no alternative ideological lifeline. Hoover’s most detailed description of a necessary economic

in Failed imagination?
Andrew Williams

itself since 1940. He was in particular troubled by the lack of serious contemplation of the Atlantic Charter, except among the Labour ministers Cripps, Bevin and Attlee, and he found himself bombarded by Eden and Lord Crambourne by a need to understand the ‘enlightened’ nature of British imperialism. He made it clear to them that he could not agree. He was also worried that the British did not seem to be taking the need to reduce trade barriers seriously as a quid pro quo for ‘Lend–Lease’. In a telling phrase he commented, ‘[w]e may feel that this implies a right to

in Failed imagination?
Open Access (free)
The international system and the Middle East
Raymond Hinnebusch

-producing Middle East. Indeed, the period of OPEC success was arguably a window of opportunity situated between the decline of Arab nationalism and the current era of restored Western hegemony when the dependency relationship could have been radically restructured. Why this did not happen takes some explanation. From ‘seven sisters’ to OPEC The main legacy of colonialism and the underlying problem of the Middle East, according to Dilip Hiro, is that ‘six families put in place by British imperialism and propped up by the West control

in The international politics of the Middle East
Adrian Millar

Millar, The Constitution of Republican Identity in Belfast: A Lacanian Psychoanalysis (PhD dissertation, University College Dublin, 1999), p. 241). 17 Smith notes the tendency among republicans to view those nationalists whom they perceive as being persuaded by British imperialism as being morally ‘weak people

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict