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The First World War and the expansion of the Canadian Red Cross Society’s humanitarian vision
Sarah Glassford

humanitarian cause, its wartime work fuelled in significant part by British imperialism and an emerging sense of Canadian nationalism. War-related national and transnational currents subsequently contributed to the CRCS leaders’ 1918 decision to take up the cause of peacetime public health in Canada, and the ways they articulated and justified that mission-drift. The interwar integration of the peacetime Red Cross into Canadian civil society marked a turning point in its history, a period that also saw shifts in its relationship with the British Red Cross and its place

in The Red Cross Movement
Leonie Holthaus

-liberal counter-reaction, which was internationally evident in the German rise to power and which was domestically evident, in Spencer’s terms, in the British society’s ‘re-barbarisation’ and in popular support for the war. Hobhouse intended to dissociate sober liberalism from violent imperialism. Although his main ideological adversaries were still overpaid, incompetent and cruel colonial officials, he tried to formulate an especially devastating criticism of British imperialism by identifying it with German thought. 44 Accordingly, German thought led the anti

in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks
Andrew Williams

and democracy. I make bold, however, to suggest that British Imperialism has spread and is spreading democracy more widely than any other system of government since the beginning of time.’35 Williams Chapter 8 258 23/10/98, 11:36 am 259 Self-determination and the NWO Of mandates and ‘savages’ Hence no real contradiction was seen by the main decision makers at Paris in giving a measure of ‘self-determination’ to the Czechs but none at all to those previously dominated by the Ottoman Empire who were clearly not ready for self-government. Smuts squared this with

in Failed imagination?
Ayla Göl

free to utilise the power of the Caliphate to manipulate the Muslims of the East in Caucasus and Central Asia for its imperialist aims and its opposition to the spread of Bolshevism.7 In this case, the nationalists had only one option. They had to continue to gain the support of the Bolsheviks in order to further the cause of an independent Turkey by emphasising the importance of Turkish–Bolshevik co-­operation in the East against the spectre of British imperialism. Mustafa Kemal sent another letter to The recognition of the modern Turkish state 159 Lenin on 5

in Turkey facing east
Andrew Carnegie’s dreamworld
Duncan Bell

has done a great work as the mother of nations is becoming more and more appreciated the more the student learns of worldwide affairs. No nation that ever existed has done so much for the progress of the world as the little islands in the North Sea, known as Britain.64 The story of British imperialism therefore encompassed two countervailing trends. One of them, found in India and more recently Africa, was marked by shame and futility, and resulted in the accumulation of worthless –​even dangerous –​foreign possessions. ‘The most grievous burden which Britain has

in American foreign policy
Andrew Williams

tales of ‘war scares’ and British imperialism, were replaced by Wilson with discreet diplomatic feelers to Trotsky and an attempt, through the nascent League of Nations, to institutionalise a liberal economic order.58 Wilson never hid his distaste for Bolshevism, and particularly for its breaking of solemn treaties and agreements, the basis for any such order, but he and Hoover were acutely aware of where the danger lay in openly confronting Bolshevism while giving out no alternative ideological lifeline. Hoover’s most detailed description of a necessary economic

in Failed imagination?
Andrew Williams

itself since 1940. He was in particular troubled by the lack of serious contemplation of the Atlantic Charter, except among the Labour ministers Cripps, Bevin and Attlee, and he found himself bombarded by Eden and Lord Crambourne by a need to understand the ‘enlightened’ nature of British imperialism. He made it clear to them that he could not agree. He was also worried that the British did not seem to be taking the need to reduce trade barriers seriously as a quid pro quo for ‘Lend–Lease’. In a telling phrase he commented, ‘[w]e may feel that this implies a right to

in Failed imagination?
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The international system and the Middle East
Raymond Hinnebusch

-producing Middle East. Indeed, the period of OPEC success was arguably a window of opportunity situated between the decline of Arab nationalism and the current era of restored Western hegemony when the dependency relationship could have been radically restructured. Why this did not happen takes some explanation. From ‘seven sisters’ to OPEC The main legacy of colonialism and the underlying problem of the Middle East, according to Dilip Hiro, is that ‘six families put in place by British imperialism and propped up by the West control

in The international politics of the Middle East
Julia Gallagher

account of history, I am discussing the history of the ideas contained in the various movements and initiatives which these men represented particularly clearly. Ideas cannot be found in the ­account of events, but in the way those involved understood and explained them. Therefore I think it reasonable to draw on their depiction of the ideas that motivated them, and that they used to justify and popularise what they were doing. Britain and Africa: the ‘ethical’ history British imperialism in Africa was relatively short-lived: the tiny colony of Sierra Leone was

in Britain and Africa under Blair
Ayla Göl

Karabekir, Nutuk ve, Vol. 10, p. 3160. 23 Karabekir, Nutuk ve, Vol. 1, pp. 79–80. See the original document in Ottoman Turkish, Karabekir, Nutuk ve, Vol. 11, p. 3360, Doc. 203; See also Atatürk’un Tamim, Telgraf ve Beyannameleri [ATTB], Vol. IV, Atatürk Kültür, Dil ve Tarih Yüksek Kurumu, Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi, Ankara, Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, 1991, p. 318, Doc. 305. 24 Bülent Gökay, A Clash of Empires: Turkey between Russian Bolshevism and British Imperialism, 1918–1923, London, Tauris Academic Studies, 1997, p. 80. 25 Qasimov, Azerbaycan-­Türkiye, p. 26. 26

in Turkey facing east