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Paul Kelemen

of the bourgeoisie in the colonies and on whether the colonial working masses were the only truly progressive force, but the importance attributed to antiimperialist struggles, not least to create more favourable conditions for the Soviet state, did not waver. The Comintern, which had been set up in 1919 to coordinate the work of communist parties, expected the CPGB to play a leading role in the struggle against British imperialism. The party’s support for anticolonialism and opposition to race discrimination which communists held to be endemic to colonial rule

in The British left and Zionism
Abstract only
The principal issues
Michael Cunningham

the benefits, material or otherwise, that have accrued from membership. An example is that of British imperialism. Although the impact of imperialism is a highly contested topic, it can be argued that imperialism was both politically unjustifiable and a system of political relations that greatly benefited Britain’s economic development, particularly in the nineteenth century. If Britain is a richer country today because of imperialism, as a citizen I cannot reasonably argue that imperialism has nothing to do with me. If, additionally, it can be demonstrated that

in States of apology
Fintan Lane

was Ellis’s fidelity to Connolly’s focus on working-class participation in a centuries-old national liberation struggle against British imperialism that ensured the popularity and wide circulation of his book among left-leaning Irish republicans in the 1970s and 1980s. Although published in 1910, Labour in Irish History had its genesis in the late 1890s and its political kernel is consistent with positions that Connolly had articulated for many years. The genealogy of the book has been traced by Aindrias Ó Cathasaigh, who has highlighted its initial manifestation in

in Mobilising classics
The case of British Labour
John Callaghan

: Fabian Society). Bukharin, N. (1915 and 2003). Imperialism and World Economy (London: Bookmarks). Cain, P. J. and Hopkins, A. G. (1993a). British Imperialism: Innovation and Expansion (London: Longman). Cain, P. J. and Hopkins, A.G. (1993b). British Imperialism: Crisis and Deconstruction (London: Longman). Callaghan, J. (2000). The Retreat of Social Democracy (Manchester: Manchester University Press). Carney, L. S. (1996). ‘Globalisation: the final demise of socialism’, International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society, 10(1), 41–71. Clark, G. (1956). The Later

in European social democracy during the global economic crisis
Gavin Brown

AAM toeing the ANC line, than any particular result of tensions with City Group and the RCG. As a result of their analysis of capitalist crisis, the operation of British imperialism, and the role of the labour aristocracy in supporting the interests of imperialism, in the 1970s and 1980s, the RCG believed that the defeat of apartheid was crucial to the prospects for socialism in Britain.82 This belief led them to prioritise building an anti-imperialist tendency within the British anti-apartheid movement. Given these perspectives, the RCG believed that it was the

in Waiting for the revolution
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Class, locality and British punk
Matthew Worley

Jack as synonymous with the NF; expressions of patriotism were read as covert racism or a nod to either fascism or British imperialism.98 Integral to Oi!, however, was the interconnection of class and place: a sense by which identity was forged, in part at least, within the landscape that a person lived and worked.99 As this suggests, Oi!’s patriotism was mediated through the socioeconomic and political crises afflicting Britain in the 1970s to 1980s, which in turn were related to the experience of an increasingly beleaguered working class. Like punk in 1976–77, Oi

in Fight back
Brian Hanley

has been reached and passed.’53 Local newspapers reflected that tone, many of them referencing Cromwell, 1798 and the Black and Tans.54 The Sligo Champion claimed that ‘the South is in the mood for violence … there is a growing feeling that the only language Britain understands is through a gun barrel … how many more Irishmen must die before Edward Heath realises there is no longer a place for British Imperialism in this country?’ The Kerryman warned that ‘there can be no more talk about the six counties, “Ulster” or Northern Ireland … The British forces must be got

in The impact of the Troubles on the Republic of Ireland, 1968–79
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

on ‘free trade’ in the mid-nineteenth century as a means of ensuring peace and the universalist nature of morality and human rights that should be defended when threatened by oppressive governments in other countries. Many liberals were against British imperialism in the nineteenth century on the grounds that it was not necessary for trade and economic development and that it infringed the rights of

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Christopher G.A. Bryant

unnecessary because, thanks to British imperialism and American economic and military domination, English has become so pervasive a world language foreigners of any education and ambition have to learn it. The attitude that we do not have to learn their languages because they have to learn ours is seemingly confirmed by a national curriculum in England that no longer requires secondary

in These Englands
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

Ireland. English and, later, British imperialism in Ireland began in the late twelfth century with Edward I. The Elizabethan and Cromwellian conquests of the late sixteenth century and the 1650s left bitter memories for Irish nationalists. Revolt in the 1790s, the Fenians in the nineteenth century and the Easter Rising in 1916 are part of a revolutionary tradition in Irish nationalism which believes the British

in Understanding political ideas and movements