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Preempting disorder along the periphery
Emil Kirchner and James Sperling

EU. Beneficiary countries of EU economic and financial assistance are asked to ratify and implement a certain number of international conventions on sustainable development and good governance. 19 For more than thirty years the EU has been linked by special economic treaties with, by now, over seventy developing countries, known collectively as the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) states. This

in EU security governance
Abstract only
Securing Europe in the twenty-first century
Emil Kirchner and James Sperling

innovation, while protection and compellence conform to the second. The policies of prevention and assurance, governed by the Community method, are financed through the EU common budget. The exception is the European Development Fund (EDF), which assists African, Caribbean and Pacific countries and does not come under the general Community budget; instead, it is funded by the member states, covered by

in EU security governance
The analytical framework
Eşref Aksu

of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)) and states have acted, or claimed to have acted, as peacekeepers on a number of occasions. The US troops that invaded Grenada were called the ‘Caribbean Peacekeeping Forces’: see P. F. Diehl, International Peacekeeping (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993), p. 4

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Impact of structural tensions and thresholds
Eşref Aksu

first Lomé Convention in February 1975, the European Community created what is known today as the ‘African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) states of the EU’, including some 70 southern states. The convention established a close link of development aid between the EU and a great many underdeveloped countries, explicitly responding to the demands by UNCTAD, yet implicitly weakening

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change