European integration as a system of conflict resolution in the Franco-German relationship (1950–63)
integration to European
politics and societies.
A specific feature of the Franco-German relationship is
the historical continuity of enmity and war. Rivalry dates back to the
division of Charlemagne’s CarolingianEmpire in the early ninth
century and the creation of the contested middle realm of Lorraine.
Later the Treaty of Westphalia gave France limited control over Alsace