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ramifications of religious fundamentalism. Inter alia he interviewed ‘born-again’ Christians, looked at the careers of 107 108 The documentary diaries Jim and Tammy Bakker, and the pursuit of money under the guise of requesting religious donations. In a later film Celibacy, Antony investigated the whole question of celibacy for ordained clergy in the Catholic church. In his opinion the thousand year-old doctrine had parallels in the Church’s attack on Galileo, who argued the earth went round the sun, not vice versa. Eventually the church came round to acknowledging

in The documentary diaries
Social contexts in L’Inchiesta and Risen

both films tap into social anxieties about religion and justice following their own social and cultural contexts. The biblical-procedural film: looking for justice in an unjust world For centuries, the Roman Catholic Church withstood all the currents of change in history and maintained a closely shielded orthodoxy which has always served as the centre of all Christianity. Currently, this orthodoxy is battling one of its greatest challenges: a diminished commitment to the Church. ‘Pupils, families and teachers live in the cultural noise and traffic of the twenty

in The Bible onscreen in the new millennium

suffered by Ramón. Antena 3 defended its decision to run the controversial footage given its ‘indudable importancia social’ ( El Mundo , 6 March 1998), despite ferocious attacks from Ramón’s family, television viewers’ associations and Spain’s Catholic Church. Also, shortly afterwards, in an effort to decriminalise assisted suicide and protect the friends who had helped him, many thousands of Spaniards signed a national DMD

in Alejandro Amenábar
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Thinking across

other religious institutions such as the Catholic Church and that, while figures and pockets of religious authority do exist, Islam’s structures are not routinely built in a hierarchical manner, and thus, with some exceptions, no single person has the moral authority to establish who is or is not to be considered a Muslim. Hence, while queer Muslims may be often castigated as sinners or apostates by those subscribing to mainstream heteropatriarchal Islamicate values, their level of identification, or disidentification, with their faith is a matter that concerns their

in Queer Muslim diasporas in contemporary literature and film
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religious faithful not descended from the 1980s Moral Majority – according to Melanie J. Wright, ‘whilst Gibson belongs to a traditionalist Catholic church, the film found popularity with mainstream Catholics, Protestants, and other Christians’ ( 2008 : 168). Furthermore, it does indicate the monetary power held by those adhering to a faith-based worldview following a period of perceived social secularisation. And even this cultural moment, this film particularly, still has political resonances. According to entertainment journalist James Ulmer, Steve Bannon, the far

in The Bible onscreen in the new millennium
Demonising controversy in The Last Temptation of Christ and The Passion of the Christ

. He is always what the other side needs him to be. Perhaps if we can learn to see this, and learn from it, we can see the emptiness of the rhetoric that employs him. Notes 1 The term ‘Culture Wars’ was first used by James Davison Hunter in 1991 in his book Culture Wars: The Struggle to Define America . 2 Vatican II sought to bring the Catholic Church into the modern world, making several radical, and unpopular, changes such as changing the language of the Mass from Latin to the vernacular, a focus on active participation and a change in the Church

in The Bible onscreen in the new millennium
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Through feminine eyes

totalitarian regimes and repressive military dictatorships. Although it is important to emphasise that these repressive military regimes, such as the Franco regime, changed dramatically over their years of rule, under totalitarian regimes or military dictatorships almost no single physical or symbolic space can escape their omnipotence. For instance, right until the death of Franco in 1975, one could neither criticise the Catholic

in Hispanic and Lusophone women filmmakers

musica ) and proscribed from Catholic church music. Within Britten’s frequently employed key of G minor, the form it usually takes is that of C– F sharp, leaving it a semitone away from full tonic resolution and acting as a precise musical parallel to Owen’s use of half-rhyme in ‘Strange Meeting’. Jarman’s task, in which I believe he largely succeeded, was to be responsive to these tensions and dissonances without inertly and

in Derek Jarman
Hollywood, Christians and the American Culture Wars

traditionalist who seeks to restore the older customs and rites of the Catholic Church, prior to the landmark reforms of Vatican II (for instance, Gibson holds to the Latin Mass, rather than the use of vernacular languages). In a political sense, Gibson might best be defined as a staunch conservative who believes that debates over Passion represent only one front in a broader Culture War, i.e. an ideological battle between, in his view, a (fundamentally wrong) secular left, and a morally correct right. Gibson sought to conceptualise the American cultural landscape in the

in The Bible onscreen in the new millennium

DC, which simultaneously benefited from the Catholic Church’s scaremongering, anti-communist propaganda,17 won a resounding victory (with 48 per cent of the votes) while the PC lost half the votes it had in 1946. De Gasperi went on to be the prime minister of eight successive coalition governments but, for all intent and purposes, the alliance between the DC and the PC came to an end in 1948. For the following three decades cultural debates were framed by the conflict between the ruling party, the DC and the opposition, the PC. As far as Italian intellectuals were

in Capital and popular cinema