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Alan Rosenthal

ramifications of religious fundamentalism. Inter alia he interviewed ‘born-again’ Christians, looked at the careers of 107 108 The documentary diaries Jim and Tammy Bakker, and the pursuit of money under the guise of requesting religious donations. In a later film Celibacy, Antony investigated the whole question of celibacy for ordained clergy in the Catholic church. In his opinion the thousand year-old doctrine had parallels in the Church’s attack on Galileo, who argued the earth went round the sun, not vice versa. Eventually the church came round to acknowledging

in The documentary diaries
Social contexts in L’Inchiesta and Risen
Fernando Gabriel Pagnoni Berns and Emiliano Aguilar

both films tap into social anxieties about religion and justice following their own social and cultural contexts. The biblical-procedural film: looking for justice in an unjust world For centuries, the Roman Catholic Church withstood all the currents of change in history and maintained a closely shielded orthodoxy which has always served as the centre of all Christianity. Currently, this orthodoxy is battling one of its greatest challenges: a diminished commitment to the Church. ‘Pupils, families and teachers live in the cultural noise and traffic of the twenty

in The Bible onscreen in the new millennium
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Costa-Gavras and microhistoriography: the case of Amen. (2002)
Homer B. Pettey

narrative, and imagistically providing filmic discovery of the atrocities of Nazism and the complicity of the Roman Catholic Church. His intention was not to film the play, but rather to present a microhistory of the Final Solution. Unlike in the play, Pope Pius XII is a background figure, since Costa-Gavras desires another form of history: not institutional, not a grand narrative, but a history that comes about through visual enactment of personal reactions. In this effort to combine narrative and image, Costa-Gavras interprets the conflicting political and theological

in The films of Costa-Gavras
Barry Jordan

suffered by Ramón. Antena 3 defended its decision to run the controversial footage given its ‘indudable importancia social’ ( El Mundo , 6 March 1998), despite ferocious attacks from Ramón’s family, television viewers’ associations and Spain’s Catholic Church. Also, shortly afterwards, in an effort to decriminalise assisted suicide and protect the friends who had helped him, many thousands of Spaniards signed a national DMD

in Alejandro Amenábar
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Thinking across
Alberto Fernández Carbajal

other religious institutions such as the Catholic Church and that, while figures and pockets of religious authority do exist, Islam’s structures are not routinely built in a hierarchical manner, and thus, with some exceptions, no single person has the moral authority to establish who is or is not to be considered a Muslim. Hence, while queer Muslims may be often castigated as sinners or apostates by those subscribing to mainstream heteropatriarchal Islamicate values, their level of identification, or disidentification, with their faith is a matter that concerns their

in Queer Muslim diasporas in contemporary literature and film
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Wickham Clayton

religious faithful not descended from the 1980s Moral Majority – according to Melanie J. Wright, ‘whilst Gibson belongs to a traditionalist Catholic church, the film found popularity with mainstream Catholics, Protestants, and other Christians’ ( 2008 : 168). Furthermore, it does indicate the monetary power held by those adhering to a faith-based worldview following a period of perceived social secularisation. And even this cultural moment, this film particularly, still has political resonances. According to entertainment journalist James Ulmer, Steve Bannon, the far

in The Bible onscreen in the new millennium
Demonising controversy in The Last Temptation of Christ and The Passion of the Christ
Karra Shimabukuro

. He is always what the other side needs him to be. Perhaps if we can learn to see this, and learn from it, we can see the emptiness of the rhetoric that employs him. Notes 1 The term ‘Culture Wars’ was first used by James Davison Hunter in 1991 in his book Culture Wars: The Struggle to Define America . 2 Vatican II sought to bring the Catholic Church into the modern world, making several radical, and unpopular, changes such as changing the language of the Mass from Latin to the vernacular, a focus on active participation and a change in the Church

in The Bible onscreen in the new millennium
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Through feminine eyes
Parvati Nair and Julián Daniel Gutiérrez-Albilla

totalitarian regimes and repressive military dictatorships. Although it is important to emphasise that these repressive military regimes, such as the Franco regime, changed dramatically over their years of rule, under totalitarian regimes or military dictatorships almost no single physical or symbolic space can escape their omnipotence. For instance, right until the death of Franco in 1975, one could neither criticise the Catholic

in Hispanic and Lusophone women filmmakers
Rowland Wymer

musica ) and proscribed from Catholic church music. Within Britten’s frequently employed key of G minor, the form it usually takes is that of C– F sharp, leaving it a semitone away from full tonic resolution and acting as a precise musical parallel to Owen’s use of half-rhyme in ‘Strange Meeting’. Jarman’s task, in which I believe he largely succeeded, was to be responsive to these tensions and dissonances without inertly and

in Derek Jarman
Hollywood, Christians and the American Culture Wars
Karen Patricia Heath

traditionalist who seeks to restore the older customs and rites of the Catholic Church, prior to the landmark reforms of Vatican II (for instance, Gibson holds to the Latin Mass, rather than the use of vernacular languages). In a political sense, Gibson might best be defined as a staunch conservative who believes that debates over Passion represent only one front in a broader Culture War, i.e. an ideological battle between, in his view, a (fundamentally wrong) secular left, and a morally correct right. Gibson sought to conceptualise the American cultural landscape in the

in The Bible onscreen in the new millennium