Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 37 items for :

  • "Catholic Church" x
  • Manchester History of Medicine x
  • All content x
Clear All
The Batavia leprosy asylum in the age of slavery
Stephen Snelders

a working relationship between the colonial state and the Roman Catholic Church. This was possible because of the ambivalence in governmental policies regarding the management of the Batavia asylum. The vast majority of the sufferers in the asylum were a special category of slaves; they were unproductive. Since the slaves only cost the government money, it was unwilling to invest resources in the asylum. For instance, although the asylum was established in 1824, medical services were only provided in the 1850s. To provide support and sustenance for the sufferers

in Leprosy and colonialism
Intercession and integration in the medieval English leper hospital
Carole Rawcliffe

midnight [‘post mediam noctem’], a certain brother nominated by us as sacristan should arise every night, and should ring a certain bell to summon the brethren to say the appointed prayers before God [‘ coram Deo ’]. Once the bell has been rung, all the brethren should get up from their beds unless any of them is weighed down with grave illness or necessity and say, individually, standing up for the night office, a special commendation for the Catholic Church and the King and kingdom; and also for all benefactors of this hospital, living and dead, Credo in Deum once

in Leprosy and identity in the Middle Ages
Barbra Mann Wall

with many groups of women and men as they established hospitals and schools of nursing in Nigeria. Sisters combined religious commitment and medical science to relieve physical and spiritual suffering; indeed, they were bound by strong ties of gender, professionalism and religion. Nuns were strongly affected by the Catholic Church’s emphasis on women’s authority in the home and family; and when sisters ran hospitals and clinics, many focused on maternal care and children. They also recruited women for their religious congregations and engaged women as students in

in Colonial caring
Jacques Gélis

were rarely known outside very circumscribed places of devotion. The French Catholic Church did not encourage these expressions of popular worship, considering them dubious practices and even attempting to suppress them.9 But it was to no avail, so strong was the popular attachment to these minor local saints. Disorders of the guts provoked extreme anxiety: people particularly feared the infantile diarrhoea that struck very young children every summer and dehydrated them; a woman in childbirth could encounter terrible difficulties if her pelvis proved to be too

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century
Philomena Gorey

elsewhere. The performance of emergency baptism by midwives and lay people formed part of the ecclesiastical policy of the Church of Ireland and the Counter-Reformation Catholic Church from the early seventeenth century. A broad range of historical scholarship on the churches in Ireland is thus relevant to the subject of this chapter. The writings of Bishops Daniel McCarthy and P. F. Moran in the 1860s were the first to allude to doctrinal decrees which emanated from the Catholic Synods that took place in Ireland in the Counter

in Early Modern Ireland and the world of medicine
Open Access (free)
Rima D. Apple

. They trained nurses who wanted not only to work in healthcare but also to serve their country. Protestant missionaries set up hospitals and training schools on the island in part to undermine the position of the Catholic Church. Thus in this case, for better or for worse, nurses served to transform healthcare and society. In Australia, the goal was to ‘civilise’ the Aboriginals, who were described as ‘savages’. Aboriginal healthcare and midwifery practices were discounted. With the presence of plague in Hong Kong, British doctors and nurses insisted that only

in Colonial caring
Space, identity and power

This volume aims to disclose the political, social and cultural factors that influenced the sanitary measures against epidemics developed in the Mediterranean during the long nineteenth century. The contributions to the book provide new interdisciplinary insights to the booming field of ‘quarantine studies’ through a systematic use of the analytic categories of space, identity and power. The ultimate goal is to show the multidimensional nature of quarantine, the intimate links that sanitary administrations and institutions had with the territorial organization of states, international trade, the construction of national, colonial, religious and professional identities or the configuration of political regimes. The circum-Mediterranean geographical spread of the case studies contained in this volume illuminates the similarities and differences around and across this sea, on the southern and northern shores, in Arabic, Spanish, Portuguese, Greek, Italian, English and French-speaking domains. At the same time, it is highly interested in engaging in the global English-speaking community, offering a wide range of terms, sources, bibliography, interpretative tools and views produced and elaborated in various Mediterranean countries. The historical approach will be useful to recognize the secular tensions that still lie behind present-day issues such as the return of epidemics or the global flows of migrants and refugees.

Abstract only
Mary Donnelly and Claire Murray

development of more considered and ethically informed laws, policies and practices. DONNELLY 9780719099465 PRINT.indd 5 12/10/2015 15:59 6 Ethical and legal debates in Irish healthcare References Barrington, R. (2002) ‘Terrible beauty or Celtic mouse? The research agenda in Ireland’, New Hibernia Review, 6: 138. Hesketh, T. (1990) The Second Partitioning of Ireland?: The Abortion Referendum of 1983. Dublin: Brandsma Books. Inglis, T. (1998) Moral Monopoly: The Rise and Fall of the Catholic Church in Modern Ireland, 2nd edn. Dublin: University College Press. Lyons, B

in Ethical and legal debates in Irish healthcare
Bodies and environments in Italy and England

This book explores whether early modern people cared about their health, and what did it mean to lead a healthy life in Italy and England. According to the Galenic-Hippocratic tradition, 'preservative' medicine was one of the three central pillars of the physician's art. Through a range of textual evidence, images and material artefacts, the book documents the profound impact which ideas about healthy living had on daily practices as well as on intellectual life and the material world in Italy and England. Staying healthy and health conservation was understood as depending on the careful management of the six 'Non-Naturals': the air one breathed, food and drink, excretions, sleep, exercise and repose, and the 'passions of the soul'. The book provides fresh evidence about the centrality of the Non-Naturals in relation to groups whose health has not yet been investigated in works about prevention: babies, women and convalescents. Pregnancy constituted a frequent physical state for many women of the early modern European aristocracy. The emphasis on motion and rest, cleansing the body, and improving the mental and spiritual states made a difference for the aristocratic woman's success in the trade of frequent pregnancy and childbirth. Preventive advice was not undifferentiated, nor simply articulated by individual complexion. Examining the roles of the Non-Naturals, the book provides a more holistic view of convalescent care. It also deals with the paradoxical nature of perceptions about the Neapolitan environment and the way in which its airs were seen to affect human bodies and health.

Reorganizing leprosy care, 1890– 1900
Stephen Snelders

example of public–​ private partnership going far beyond the cooperation of the colonial state and the Roman Catholic Church in Batavia. Wulfingh agreed to take in any leprosy sufferer in Majella sent there by the government. He also agreed that non-​Catholic patients would not be addressed on religious issues. In return, he would receive 100 guilders per year for each patient.51 15 Reorganizing leprosy care, 1890–1900155 In July 1896, the Medical Committee inspected Majella and concluded that the situation was satisfactory and that there was no danger of leprosy

in Leprosy and colonialism