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Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

; Smith, 2014] . Likewise, French, Portuguese and South Africa interference in the conflict was undertaken with the goal of destabilising Nigeria and weakening its influence in West Africa [ Omaka, 2019 ; Siebert, 2018] . The third element of this story is the on-going transition from empire to the postcolonial era. That change manifested itself in different ways. The Africanisation of the Nigerian Catholic Church, for example, changed the role that expatriate missionaries

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Mary McAleese

reached its summit in 1994 when she became Pro-Vice-Chancellor at Queen’s University, and the first woman to serve in that role. Her academic career did not, however, shut out involvement in public affairs. In 1984, she was a member of the Catholic Church Episcopal Delegation to the New Ireland Forum, set up under the premiership of Dr Garret Fitzgerald (qv). In 1996, in the wake of the widespread disturbances which had broken out over parading, the British government set up the Independent Review of Parades and Marches chaired by Dr (later Sir) Peter North. Here, too

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
Abstract only
Ahmad H. Sa’di

Yani, Kafr Yassif ’s mayor. They were also highly represented among the younger generation of nationalist activists and leaders, such as Sabri Jiryis and Habib Qahwaji. Consequently, the control–surveillance apparatuses had to rely on the co-option of individual priests, mainly Arabs, as Israelis have been cautious in their treatment of European clergy. The Egyptian-born bishop George Hakim, the head of the Greek Catholic church (1949–67), had been the most conspicuous figure in supporting the state’s policies (Linn, 1999:134). His activities included the

in Thorough surveillance
Leonie Murray

2009). 13 Adolf, Peace. A World History, p. 49. 14 Adolf, Peace. A World History, p. 66. 15 Certainly, the Yahweh of the Old Testament could be quite a ruthless and unforgiving god when crossed, and seemed to frequently foment war, and modern Israel maintains strong militaristic conventions. In the Middle Ages, European Christians launched a series of crusades in the name of their belief and warriors of Islam have declared holy war on several occasions in different contexts over the years. The Roman Catholic Church unleashed the bloody Inquisition in a panicked

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
Relationships and issues, 1941–45
Andrew Williams

-Germans] politically which could conceivably arouse much enthusiasm for German rule’. It did not even have the appeal of the communist Third International as there was ‘no universal application of its tenets, as did the Catholic Church of the Middle Ages. Its soldiers cannot march through Europe as the bearers of abstract ideals, applicable to all humanity, as did the soldiers of the French Revolution’ and in this situation ‘[i]t is difficult to believe that this sort of situation could produce a happy Europe’, even if Germany could Williams Chapter 5 154 23/10/98, 11:41 am 155

in Failed imagination?
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

presence. Police, intelligence officers (Agence Nationale de Renseignement) and administrators do not have a permanent post. The Catholic Church, the hospital and a school are the closest forms of institutional authority present, in which the population has a direct input, even in decision-making processes. There is an established payment scheme for teachers, nurses and doctors, who also provide a loose form of authority. For instance, the women of the village built 171 Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making the maternity wing of the small hospital

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
Abstract only
Edwin Bacon, Bettina Renz, and Julian Cooper

checks’, and leaders of Russia’s largest Old Believer denomination report being summoned to visit their respective local FSB headquarters ahead of the election of the denomination’s new head, to be advised on which candidate to choose – the candidate anointed by the FSB was not selected;29 the Catholic church experienced a series of visa problems for its priests in the period 2002–04, but the situation improved again after that period.30 Despite these examples, it is nonetheless the case that the difficulties for religious freedom predicted with the introduction of the

in Securitising Russia