. This is
not, for the conspiracy theorist, the straightforward hate figure of the
left. Rather, it is a character, or more importantly a group, to which all
western governments are secretly in hock: unbelievably rich and powerful,
and dedicated unswervingly to its own project, which is nothing less than
the complete control of the world. Yes: Zionists are basically Spectre.
(David Baddiel, ‘Short of a ConspiracyTheory? You
thus links the Sabbath goy with Zionist strategy,
motivated by Islamophobia, xenophobia and anti-Communism, all clear and
pure Israeli interests.98 All this, claim the supporters of the Sabbath goy conspiracytheory, rang ‘very sensibly and logically’ true and led to a ‘clear’
Israeli/Jewish involvement in the Oslo massacre. In fact, as in many other
calamities, and as quoted by Günther Jikeli and the Kantor Center at Tel Aviv
University, ‘pure logic’ prevails that proves all the above. For example, 9/11
was not committed by Muslims (this is a ‘bullshit’ explanation
a direction that
left them perplexed or hostile. His intense logic was perhaps less of a problem than
his embrace of conspiracytheories. Even those who were his political or personal
friends could be embarrassed by some of his utterances. His austere manner hid a
shy and loyal individual, but probably few recognised those characteristics. What
does tend to unite friends and foe alike is the recognition that he was an outstanding
orator, one of the best of his generation.
expansion. This colonises
the language and politics of social democracy, which at least used
to be about containing capitalism and ameliorating its worst
effects. However, those who follow this line grant a vast amount of
agency to the political elites who are held to have ushered in this
new justification for capitalism, almost to the point of a
conspiracytheory. They tend to
applied independently to different topics so as to guarantee the
critic’s rightness in each and every instance. Critics’ well-worn ‘gestures’ and
techniques are said to reveal secret forces and fetishes at work everywhere,
apparently giving undue credence to even the most fantastical of conspiracytheories. But at the same time, Latour argues, critics hold their own fetishistic, discipline-specific beliefs beyond reproach. As he puts it, with the flippancy that has become a hallmark of his recent writing:
Antifetishists debunk objects they don’t believe in by showing
such a dissonant climate, when the blame was always pinned on others, self-criticism was nearly impossible, as was taking responsibility for one’s own actions. According to Hazim Saghiya, conspiracytheories took over Arab rationality. These portrayed the Arabs as people who could not determine their own fate, which others set for them by means of conspiracies. This perception was self-defeating, since it made no sense to accuse Freemasons of conspiring against two hundred million Arabs, or to fear that Crusaders would be resurrected and defeat the Arabs. 36 While
carries the erroneous claim that it was the
Official IRA who killed Fox. T.P. Coogan, The IRA (London, 1995) p. 357.
112 Irish Times, 8 June 1974.
113 Ibid., 21 May 1974.
114 J. Courtney, It Was Murder! (Dublin, 1996) p. 63.
115 Magill, 1 Oct. 1984.
‘The other minority’
116 M. Cunningham, Monaghan: County of Intrigue (Donegal, 1979) pp. 2 and 110.
117 One of these conspiracytheories was once presented to me in a Monaghan student’s
essay on the bombings.
118 Anglo-Celt, 21 Nov. 1925.
119 See Chapter 3 for details.
120 An Phoblacht/Republican News, 20 Oct. 1979
veiled or distorted ‘truth’ would be revealed,
FOI: hard to resist and hard to escape 5
driven by a ‘doctrine that truth is manifest’ (8). This ‘ideal of emancipation modelled on lucid self-consciousness’ or ‘absolute self-transparency’ was then completed by the Enlightenment (Vattimo 1992). Popper points out how its logical
opposite co-existed with it and gave it strength: ‘the conspiracytheory of ignorance’
stemming from Plato, holding that man was ‘blocked from knowing’ by ‘sin’, ‘prejudice’ or ‘powers conspiring to keep us in ignorance’ (2002, 9).
in June 1903. The
issue then dropped until the new reforming Liberal government introduced
an Eight Hour Bill in 1906 (Webster, 1974: 227–9, 245–6).
While many ILP initiatives failed to garner sufficient lodge support at
DMA council, considerable numbers did not even make it to a lodge vote.
This was thanks to the implacable hostility of the agents, and particularly
general secretary John Wilson. There is no ‘conspiracytheory’ (Church, 1986:
711; Webster, 1974: 26) in recognising that Wilson was a master manipulator:
of those less experienced and adept than
-tank promoting political and economic freedom. Saʿd al-Din Ibrahim also hailed the new organization as a “shining sun of liberty and enlightened thinking,” without detracting, of course, from the importance of his own institute. 94
Additional causes over which Egyptian liberalism claimed “first ownership” were opposition to conspiracytheories and a desire to resolve the Arab–Israeli conflict peacefully. 95 Besides drawing up a separate genealogy, Nasira sought to distinguish between Egyptian liberalism and the Arab liberalism of Shakir al-Nabulsi by analyzing their