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Abstract only
Peter Shirlow
,
Jonathan Tonge
,
James McAuley
, and
Catherine McGlynn

that they can play in resolving conflict. The desire to prevent future occurrences of violent disunity has been divided into two general perspectives. First, a conflict transformation perspective encourages an analysis of the antecedents of conflict as a way out of disagreement. Second, seeking out better ways to represent loyalism within a process

in Abandoning historical conflict?
Peter Shirlow
,
Jonathan Tonge
,
James McAuley
, and
Catherine McGlynn

accountability requires the consent and approval of adversaries both within and beyond each respective community. As noted by Shirlow and Monaghan (2006: 3): The desire to prevent future occurrences of violent disunity has been divided into two general perspectives. Firstly, a conflict transformation perspective encourages an

in Abandoning historical conflict?
Peter Shirlow
,
Jonathan Tonge
,
James McAuley
, and
Catherine McGlynn

by the change of events and still wish for the unity of the days of the Hunger Strike. In an article ‘Political Policing – An Attack on Ex-Prisoners’, the claim was made that raids on the homes and offices of Teach Na Failte members had been allowed to take place because of republican disunity and pro-agreement republicans smearing anti-agreement republicans, with Willie Gallagher quoted as saying

in Abandoning historical conflict?
Vicky Randall

of the government of the Sultan and his deputies, the treatment of Christian subjects by Muslim rulers, the military prowess of the Turkish standing army, and the Janissary – an elite corps of soldiers made up of Christian slave children who were converted to Islam. Çırakman has shown that Western commentators also reflected on the relationship between Europe and the Ottoman Empire and noted that disunity among the Christian powers had made them vulnerable to Turkish encroachments and conquest. According to Çırakman, then, ‘Europe was on the defensive and divided

in History, empire, and Islam
Eşref Aksu

the opponent by appealing to a wider audience. Nor was the North–South axis of conflict without its own contradictions. Unity and disunity went hand in hand in the geographically expanded South. Perhaps the most important dialectic common to both axes of conflict was the relationship between state and non-state players. As Falk reminds us in reference to the Third World’s socio

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Open Access (free)
Paul Latawski
and
Martin A. Smith

Overall, the impression conveyed was one of disunity, drift and consequent impotence on the part of the European Union collectively. Individual member states – chiefly France and the UK – did make significant military contributions in Afghanistan. These were on the basis of national agreements with the US, however, and there was no role as such for the EU’s emerging military dimension. Indeed, in another embarrassing public

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
A discourse view on the European Community and the abolition of border controls in the second half of the 1980s
Stef Wittendorp

of discourse, that is, the limits of what can and cannot be said or written. This requires the selection of texts that display what is referred to here as productivity. 1 Productive texts are those that provide a glimpse of what appears as unity, or rather is disunity organised as unity; such texts highlight the contingency of meaning. Discourse is studied through two reading strategies that are

in Security/ Mobility
Vicky Randall

Whig narrative of continuity could be built, Freeman now began to incorporate the second, Arnoldian, narrative, which represented all the events of early English history as part of a causal sequence leading up to 1066. It is the concern with the Unity of History which, first, shaped Freeman’s idiosyncratic account of the early consolidation of political power. Previous historians of Anglo-Saxon England, such as Turner, had argued that, even following the eventual subjection of the natives, the country remained marred by disunity, military upheaval, and vicious power

in History, empire, and Islam
A veiled threat
Thomas J. Butko

wing, between activists inside and outside the territories, and even between activists in Gaza and the West Bank’ ( Webman, 1996 : 129). Hamas continues to allot primary importance to presenting a united front in the face of constant repression and PA attempts to sow disunity by ostracizing and delegitimizing its external leadership in Jordan, Iran and Syria ( Amayreh, 1998 : 10). However, such divisions

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Abstract only
Ilan Danjoux

restrict content that might breed disunity, immorality or sectarianism. The PA not only adopted the British and Israeli requirement that presses obtain licenses to publish but also extended this requirement to all distributors of information, including bookstores. To obtain a license from the Minister of Information, an applicant is required to produce a document from the Minister of the Interior stating

in Political cartoons and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict