the largest overall donor, USAID had very clear objectives,
was able to mobilise quickly and fielded highly experienced staff and
advisers who largely replicated what they normally did elsewhere. It
also enjoyed a high level of local support. The successive USAID
projects in economicgovernance stand out in terms of their size and
scope, rapid mobilisation, continuity over time and clear objectives
number of EU staff working in Pillar IV in subsequent years and the
later involvement of EAR and the World Bank in providing technical
assistance, USAID continued to be a major donor in this field. Between
1999 and 2010, six successive multi-year economicgovernance projects
were implemented, at a total cost of $104.5 million. 111 Not all these
funds were used for developing government institutions, however. Because
People’s Daily Online (17 November 1999).
Seale, ‘Establishing financial management
in the Kosovo interim administration’.
S. Lewarne and D. Snelbecker, EconomicGovernance in War Torn Economies: Lessons Learned from the
Marshall Plan to
use its 1981 EC Presidency to launch a conflict resolution initiative in
an EU context, although there was an Irish proposal to that effect.
The EC was to emerge as an actor in the Northern Ireland
conflict only gradually through its regional policy. The focus on
economicgovernance became a resource for the conflict parties when new
institutional forms of conflict resolution were tested. In 1976
political-economicgovernance. Like its management of financial assets, IS’s administration of finance reflects the behaviours of US-associated entities in the Middle East, and neoliberal economic circumstances in the wider international financial system. Extending the previous sections’ exploration of IS finance and the importance of territory for IS, in this section I elaborate on how IS’s administration of finance exemplifies its state-like geo-economic ambitions. In particular, these practices might be interpreted as signifying the organisation’s reliance upon
the fighting stops, and their legacies run deeply in the
societies affected by them. Mark Duffield and other scholars have argued
that the experience of conflict is less about social breakdown and more
about the emergence of alternative – generally non-state based
– patterns of political and economicgovernance. 15 In this context,
the binary division between ‘war’ and ‘peace’
that the transition
Ngaire Woods, The Shifting Politics of
Foreign Aid (Oxford: Global EconomicGovernance Programme,
2005), p. 14.
H. Krieger, Migration , (Brussels:
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working
Conditions, 2004), pp. 3–8.