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the Vietnamese and German diasporas. Nation-building in the GDR and the FRG revolved around their competing claims to be the sole legitimate representative, or ‘rightful political embodiment’ (McKay 1998 , 3) of the German nation. Each state initially supported unification as a means of extending its political system across both territories, with the FRG eventually doing just that in 1990. In contrast

in Soldered states
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show how heroes function as the embodiment of national unity and pride. Benedict Anderson ( 1991 , 163) writes that ‘in the “nation-building” policies of the new states one sees both a genuine, popular nationalist enthusiasm, and a systematic, even Machiavellian, instilling of nationalist ideology through the mass media, the educational system, administrative regulations, and so forth’. The chapter

in Soldered states
Impact of structural tensions and thresholds

. Towards double ‘peaks’: superpower rivalry and decolonisation/non-alignment In the immediate aftermath of World War II, the arrangements for a new world order reflected a multipolar power configuration, the embodiment of which can be found in the Security Council. In economic terms, the United States was clearly the dominant source of power. 1 Yet politically, the colonial powers, the Soviet Union

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change

embodiment of some transcendent truth or goodness, increasingly linked to Christian Orthodoxy.17 This is often connected with an image of Russia as essentially a Eurasian ‘great power’. In contrast, an equally important tendency identi32 2504Chap2 7/4/03 12:38 pm Page 33 Contested national identities fies Russia as fully European, and as such set apart from America with regard to culture and security concerns.18 Both narratives, however, share a predominantly geopolitical orientation to world politics. Another common feature is an insistence on maintaining

in Limiting institutions?
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wideranging scheme of surveillance that existed over a relatively long time and the glimpses it offers into the world of those who took part in this endeavour. While concepts such as control, surveillance and oppression of subaltern communities are widely used in social science literature, there are very few substantive studies of how these concepts take shape and materialize in everyday reality. This book aims to show their embodiment in state–minority relations in Israel in the first two decades. The analysis is intended to go beyond abstractions, theorization and jargon

in Thorough surveillance
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in fact been dedicated to building viable states’ (Connor 1984 , 40–1, emphasis in original). The core principles of nationalism – the prioritisation of the nation, its positive valorisation, its institutional expression, its embodiment of territory and tradition and the emotional attachment it engenders – legitimate and perpetuate the current political division of the globe into states (Freeden 1998 , 751–2). Accordingly

in Soldered states

of the European Parliament in 2002, serving for the statutory two and a half years until 2004. Containing as it does representatives elected from all the member states of the European Union, the role of the Parliament is almost by definition a complex one, and it falls to the President to ensure its effective operation. In a very real sense, the President is the embodiment of the democratic will and aspirations of Europeans as expressed in their Parliament, and to be elected to that office through secret ballot is a particular mark of trust. In his lecture, Pat Cox

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century

overlook the illusion that structures their relationship to reality by means of the ‘ideological practice of disidentification’. 67 They believe the illusion that they are not identical to the ideological identification, which they accept has a hold on them. They say to themselves, ‘“I’m not merely a direct embodiment of …; beneath this ideological mask, there lurks a warm human person with his small

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict

reminds us, alternative forms of political organisation are being created. In this sense a further argument could be advanced: if, as Mbembe states, Africa has been portrayed as the ‘embodiment of nothingness’, we might have to rethink Africa as the embodiment of creativity. Survival/DIY activities ‘signal renewal and creativity’ in ways that show ‘Africa […] immeasurably more alive’ (Davidson 1992: 293). Survival is not just a form of accommodation or domination, but also a form of subversion. Although some survival strategies are a direct denial of a claim, such as

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
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Evil terrorists, good Americans

records as Innocent civilians’ (see Livingston 1994 ), as are the military personnel killed in the 1996 Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia. This is reflective of what Richard Hughes calls a ‘cult of innocence’ in American political life (Hughes 2003: 154). In its foundational myths America emerges as innocent child among nations, untainted by the finite dimensions of human history – it is the embodiment of a new golden age of

in Writing the war on terrorism