The history and sociology of science has not been well developed in southern Africa as compared to India, Australia or Latin America. This book deals with case studies drawn from South Africa, Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia), Mozambique and Mauritius, and examines the relationship between scientific claims and practices, and the exercise of colonial power. European intellectuals saw in Africa images of their own prehistory and societal development. The book reveals the work of the Swiss naturalist and anthropologist Henri Junod. The relative status of Franco-Mauritian, Creoles and Indo-Mauritian peasants was an important factor in gaining knowledge of and access to canes. After the Boer War, science was one of the regenerating forces, and the British Association found it appropriate to hold its 1905 meetings in the Southern African subcontinent. White farmers in the Cape Colony in the late nineteenth century often greeted with suspicion the enumeration of livestock and crop. The book focuses on the connections between the apartheid state's capacity to count and to control. Apartheid statecraft included aspirations of totalising modes of racialised knowledge. Included in the theme of state rationality and techniques of domination is the specialized use of dogs by police in apprehending black alleged criminals. The book discusses the Race Welfare Society, which turned to eugenics for a blueprint on how to cultivate a healthy and productive white population. However, George Gale and Sidney and Emily Kark advocated socialised medicine, and had a genuine desire to promote the broad health needs of Africans.
George Gale and South Africa's experiment in social medicine
the 1950s an Assistant Director General of WHO) and GeorgeGale,
who was appointed Chief Medical Officer and Secretary for Health in 1946
by Dr Henry Gluckman, South Africa’s only progressive Minister of
Health before 1994. Without their assistance and the recommendations of
the Gluckman Commission, the Karks’ pioneering achievements in
South Africa would have been if not impossible, at least far more
beneficial to all – in order to recognise the limitations of this
critique. In the two contributions in this volume concerned with medical
science the complexities of this debate are well illustrated. Shula
Marks’ study of GeorgeGale’s advocacy of socialised
medicine, during and after the Second World War, cautions against views
which assume that all medical knowledge served the interests
Common Market and subsequently appointed fellow anti-Marketeer GeorgeGale as editor (Blake, 1978 ). The Spectator was owned by the pro-European Ian Gilmour from 1959 to 1967 and as a result the editorial reflected his views on Common Market membership.
The left-leaning newspapers the Daily Mirror and the Guardian were all pro-Europe from 1959–1984, whilst the Labour supporting weekly Tribune was consistent throughout in its opposition to Britain's membership of the Community. The left-wing New Statesman reflects the change of position
Debates about potential and ambition in British socialist thought
1944’ (Halsey 1978: 109). Others did not go this far, but Crosland himself
conceded in an interview with GeorgeGale in April 1974 that research
now indicated that ‘we were inclined, 20 years ago, to exaggerate the
effect of education, taken alone, on people’s life chances’ (Crosland Papers:
There was a growing feeling that the move to comprehensives had not
M1738 - CALLAGHAN TEXT.indd 204
Potential and ambition in British socialism
fully met the expectations of dramatic educational progress that some of
Society since 1945 (London: Penguin, 1990), pp. 363–4.
54 Matt Cook, ‘London, AIDS and the 1980s’, in Simon Avery and Katherine M.
Graham (eds), Sex Time and Place: Queer Histories of London, c.1850 to the Present
(London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2016), p. 52.
55 Eric Shaw, The Labour Party Since 1979: Crisis and Transformation (London: Routledge, 1994), p. 195.
56 Livingstone, You Can’t Say That, p. 121.
57 Livingstone, You Can’t Say That, p. 182.
58 GeorgeGale, ‘Whites Have Rights, Too’, Daily Express, 25 April 1985, p. 8.
59 Ronald Butt, ‘After the GLC, a Greek
Britishness versus otherness.
British identity composed in opposition to the Common Market was
product and process in the exploitation of an ‘us’ and ‘them’ dichotomy.
‘Cross the English Channel tomorrow and you will be abroad’, the
Express claimed. ‘Cross to the other side of the earth … you will be
at home’. Beaverbrook’s crusade, however, amounted to more than an
exercise in self-affirmation or bias against foreign association. At its
logical extremes the Common Market imperilled a British ‘way of life’.
According to GeorgeGale,
Britain is required to lose itself in