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confronted with the expectations of East German women ‘policy makers within all political parties’ began 96 Between two worlds of father politics to see the merits of offering women equal opportunities for a work–life balance (2009:131). Erler’s account illustrated that the ‘Nordic turn’ in the German politics of parental leave was driven by Social Democratic and Green party politics in combination with grassroots feminist demands for gender equality in the work– life balance. Erler’s account overturned the idea that top-down concerns about low fertility drove the

in Between two worlds of father politics
Abstract only
A history of immigration to modern Britain and Germany: national and local perspectives

Change in Europe and North America (Cambridge, 1992), pp. 36–54. See Simon Green, ‘Divergent traditions, converging responses: Immigration and integration policy in the UK and Germany’, German Politics, 16:1 (2007), p. 98. Under the rotation system, guest-workers were initially granted a one-year work permit, which could then be renewed. However, rotation was not strictly enforced, and many guest-workers and their families became long-term residents. 3940 Foreigners, minorities and integration:Layout 1 4 22/4/13 10:18 Page 4 Foreigners, minorities and integration

in Foreigners, minorities and integration

early English guilds.20 He was particularly indebted to an essay, ‘On the history and development of gilds, and the origin of trade unions’, contributed to the volume by the German political economist Lujo Brentano, based on extensive research undertaken by the latter in Britain in 1868–69. Brentano was a widely acknowledged writer on trade unionism, in both Britain and Germany, and is an author in whom there has been a revival 20 [Joshua] Toulmin Smith (ed.), English Gilds. The Original Ordinances of more than One hundred Early English Gilds … from Original MSS

in Labour and working-class lives
Open Access (free)
The discovery, commemoration and reinterment of eleven Alsatian victims of Nazi terror, 1947– 52

: Harvard University Press, 1997), p. 282. 10 Lagrou, The Legacy of Nazi Occupation, pp. 279–​80. 11 Vergangenheitspolitik or ‘politics of the past’ refers to West German political leaders’ approach to the memory and legacies of the recent National Socialist period. Political parties were divided on the issue. The Christian Democratic Union (CDU) led by Konrad Adenauer focused on reintegrating and reconciling former Nazis to the democratic West German government at the expense of confronting Germans’ roles in the Third Reich and justice for its victims. The Social Democratic Party

in Human remains in society

taken a distinctly anti-Semitic turn; in the period before the war, in the twentieth century, historians have identified the period from 1916 to 1923 as one in which anti-Semitism gained considerable ground and emerged from its more marginal position in German political culture to an increasingly dominant one; and the severe economic crises of depression, inflation and political instability, exacerbated by violent street battles between left-wing and right-wing groups, fed the growth of more radical anti-Semitic mass parties which pre-dated but prepared the ground for

in Bauman and contemporary sociology
The three Rs – race, relations and arithmetic

Assessment) studies of the 2000s, which found that there was a wide gap between the educational performance and attainment of pupils with a migrant background and those without, and high rates of social inequality within the system.25 These results caused both a ‘PISA shock’ and vigorous debate amongst German political and educational circles. It is within the contexts of both these political histories and recent developments that this study will be situated. 23 24 25 See Karl-Heinz Dickopp, Erziehung ausländischer Kinder als pädagogische Herausforderung: das Krefelder

in Foreigners, minorities and integration