Lending, investing and guaranteeing sustainable development
risk coverage will not ultimately protect communities and ecosystems under threat from environmental
degradation. Recognisably, these market events and subsequent
behavioural responses limit the ability to ensure sustainability
through internationalpoliticaleconomy instruments without
fundamentally internalising environmental costs into the global
3402 World Bank Group:2634Prelims
political economy. While greening these IOs is a move in the right
direction, much broader shifts within all market actors and industries
reasons, as well as the different strategies adopted under Latin American and European regionalism.
This chapter revisits these issues and situates them into a broader analytical framework, which the literature on relations between these two regional groups has not addressed enough, particularly the structural changes observed in the internationalpoliticaleconomy, attending to both structure and agency factors. It is based on the premise that globalisation defines internationalpoliticaleconomy as a hegemonic “historical
Paradoxes of Internationalization deals with British and German trade union responses to the internationalization of corporate structures and strategies at Ford and General Motors between the late 1960s and the early twenty-first century. Based on research in more than a dozen archives in Britain, Germany and the United States, the book is unique in its attempt to bridge historical and contemporary approaches to the study of trade union politics in multinational firms. Conceptually, Paradoxes of Internationalization draws not only on the mainstream industrial relations literature but also on scholarship in comparative and international political economy, transnational history and nationalism studies. The book points to the paradoxical effects of internationalization processes. First, it demonstrates how internationalization reinforced trade unions’ national identities and allegiances. Second, the book highlights that internationalization made domestic trade union practices more similar in some respects, while it simultaneously contributed to the re-creation of diversity between and within the two countries. Third, the book shows that investment competition was paradoxically the most important precondition for the emergence of cross-border cooperation initiatives although the interest-driven nature of these initiatives also limited their scope.
national struggle over the moral order that is civilisational in its
contours as well as a class struggle that is political and economic.
Gramsci’s reconstruction of problems of moral order and social existence
in ‘Americanism and Fordism’ paved the way for a series of later neo-Marxist
conceptions of capitalism. One neo-Gramscian offshoot turned explicitly to
problematics of civilisation. Robert W. Cox has a disciplinary background in
internationalpoliticaleconomy and international relations. He began by taking
the implications of Gramsci’s perspective on the
Dupuy , K.,
Ron , J. , & Prakash ( 2014 ). “ Who survived? Ethiopia’s regulatory
crackdown on foreign-funded NGOs ,” Review of InternationalPoliticalEconomy , 22(2): 419–456.
Egbas , J.
( 2018 , April 24).
“ How police attacked BBOG
own security, others would have to emerge as great or regional
powers and behave as independent geopolitical actors.40
This American globalism, then, is compatible with a set of principles that
have come to be associated with world order, stability and, hence, vital US interests. Three principal objectives remained as they had for forty years: to maintain
a strong European defence capacity, led by the US; to encourage a process of
European integration that remained compatible with a ‘US-made’ liberal internationalpoliticaleconomy; and to continue global