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Food and wine as cultural signifiers
Brian Murphy

, inextricably linked to economics in that it operates in the public sphere exclusively as a business. Restaurants, hotels, bars and wine stores all exist with profit as their ultimate motivator. In fact, Peillon discusses the tensions that exist between culture and economic capital in Ireland and suggests that the inimical relationship between the two is not something new in this country (Peillon 2002, pp. 40–41). He cites Hutchinson and Kane, both of whom intimate that, in various spheres of 1970s Ireland, culture was seen to impede economic progress in some way. But it is

in From prosperity to austerity
Jason Knirck

, 1914–1937: Spectres of Empire ( London : Palgrave , 2019 ); and Jason R. Myers , The Great War and Memory in Irish Culture, 1918–2010 ( Washington, DC : Academica Press , 2014 ). 96 Cork Examiner , 16 March 1927. 97 Drogheda

in Democracy and dissent in the Irish Free State
Lucy Michael

Opinion columns and pseudo-scientific articles exploring immigration and integration are now the primary channels for overt racism in the Irish media, and their proliferation prompts a necessary exploration of their established form and growing influence. A range of columnists regularly vilify Muslims, Roma and Travellers, particularly drawing on ideas of barbarism, cultural genocide and population control, and defiantly testing the legal limits of incitement to hatred. Constructions of Irish culture as monolithic in the face of an immigration regime which imports failed multiculturalism and racism necessarily position migrants as continuing outsiders and the creators of their own exclusion. Clear connections can be made between racist discourses in Irish media and violence against migrants and ethnic minorities. This chapter explores how Irish media outlets are facilitating and promoting the normalisation of racist discourses, and the implications of this for the construction of debates which take seriously the challenges of integration in practice and in the context of growing anti-immigrant racism.

in Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands
The Catholic Church during the Celtic Tiger Years
Eamon Maher

boardrooms. It was about the body, not the body politic. Masturbation was a much more serious sin than tax evasion. In a mindset where homosexuality was a much worse sin than cooking the books, it was okay to be bent as long as you were straight. (O’Toole 2009, p. 183) As Irish culture became fixated on the pursuit of material wealth at all costs, there was a move away from the religious ‘habitus’ that had held sway for a number of centuries. In the words of the sociologist Tom Inglis, Ireland went from a culture of self-­denial to one of self-­indulgence (Inglis 2006, pp

in From prosperity to austerity
Abstract only
Eamon Maher
and
Eugene O’Brien

faulty foundations and tended to benefit the rich more than the poor. Kirby, Gibbons and Cronin produced a compelling critique of what they viewed as the dominant neo-­ liberal approach to economics that encouraged people to believe that Ireland had never had it so good, that the country had a rosy future and that full employment and increased wealth would continue. Reinventing Ireland: Culture, Society and the Global Economy (2002) remains one of the best interrogations of the comfortable consensus that developed between government, the media and business interests

in From prosperity to austerity
Celtic Tiger cinema
Ruth Barton

, virtually a home movie, that won an Academy Award) echoed its own rags-­to-­riches narrative (Hardiman 2011). Such tensions – between participation in global filmmaking practices and global capital, and acknowledgement, even celebration, of the specificities of Irish culture – also inform the most popular genre to emerge during the Celtic Tiger era – the crime/caper movie. The gangster film has long provided a lens through which to examine issues of class and social mobility in the contemporary city – as Robert Warshow writes in his classic 1948 examination of the genre

in From prosperity to austerity
A tale of two traumas
Brendan Geary

again. When the country was religious, they were religious: when the country ceased to be religious, they happily ceased to be religious – with a great sense of relief on the half of those erstwhile penitents. Now they felt they had nothing to be penitent about. My doubts lingered on. (Costello 2012, pp. 35–36) Costello describes well the conformity that characterizes Stage 3 faith. Significant changes in Irish culture led to adjustments in the behaviour and loyalties of people whose faith development had remained at Stage 3. Fowler suggests that there are a number

in From prosperity to austerity
Photography and the post­Celtic Tiger landscape
Justin Carville

Quarterly, 95:1, pp. 23–44. Gibbons, Luke (2001) ‘“Subtilized into Savages”: Edmund Burke, Progress and Primitivism’, South Atlantic Quarterly, 100:1, pp. 83–109. Gibbons, Luke (2006) Edmund Burke and Ireland: Aesthetics, Politics, and the Colonial Sublime, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Gibbons, Luke (2010) ‘Words upon the Windowpane: Image, Text and Irish Culture’, in Elkins, J. (ed.), Visual Cultures, Bristol: Intellect, pp. 43–56. Harvey, David (1989) The Condition of Postmodernity: An Enquiry into the Origins of Cultural Change, Oxford: Blackwell. Haughey

in From prosperity to austerity
Bryan Fanning

immigrants focused mostly on the economy. In effect a migrant was deemed to be integrated if she was in paid employment. 128 Bryan Fanning But the same presumption held for Irish citizens. The expectation that those who became displaced from the economy should consider emigration applied to Irish citizens as much as to immigrants. Debates on the cultural implications of immigration attracted little interest outside academic and NGO circles. In Ireland culture, however defined, had long become relegated to the private sphere, and the economy had in effect become the

in From prosperity to austerity
Neil Murphy

?’, Irish University Review, 36:1, pp. 165–181. Kearney, Richard (1988) Transitions: Narratives in Irish Culture, Dublin: Wolfhound Press. Langer, Susanne Katherina Knauth (1953) Feeling and Form: A Theory of Art, New York: Scribner. McHale, Brian (2001) Postmodernist Fiction, London: Routledge. Murphy, Neil (2011) ‘Flann O’Brien’s The Hard Life & the Gaze of the Medusa’, Review of Contemporary Fiction, 31:3, pp. 148–161. Myers, Kevin (2010) ‘If There Is To Be a Genre of Celtic Tiger Fiction, “Capital Sins” Will Be the Foundation Stone’, The Irish Independent, 1 July

in From prosperity to austerity