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‒ even to say where they were. Food was often scarce and accommodation woefully inadequate. Conditions only began to improve once internees were moved to more permanent camps, mostly on the Isle of Man. The introduction of mass internment did not deflect MI5 from its campaign to secure the internment of prominent Communists. In July 1940, as mass internment reached its peak, it once again took up the Kuczynski case with the Home Office: ‘We presume that Jürgen Kuczynski is included in the general internment of enemy aliens.’13 But, despite the supposedly damaging

in A matter of intelligence
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British supporters of the refugees

, and with British public opinion generally, for his support of the refugees. On 16 October 1940, a report had appeared in the News Chronicle criticising the conditions in the Rushen Women’s Internment Camp on the Isle of Man,14 its source being the FGLC. The local newspaper, the Isle of Man Examiner, soon deduced that, since George Bell was the only one of the FGLC’s list of British patrons to have visited the camp, the blame for these allegations must rest with him. In a blistering attack, the Examiner accused Bell of being ‘the self-appointed champion of Nazis and

in A matter of intelligence
The Free German League of Culture

Class ‘B’. Hinze was arrested on 16 May, police swooping on his home at 31 Boundary Road, London NW8. Hinze was interned on the Isle of Man, being held in Central Promenade Camp, Douglas, but surveillance did not end there. An MI5 agent, almost certainly Claud Sykes, who visited the camp, reported: A Communist called Hinse [sic] and the notorious Colonel Kahle (GPU chief in Madrid during the Spanish Civil War, according to information I received at various times) gave a lot of trouble in the camp, according to [Martin] Sander, and everyone was relieved when they went

in A matter of intelligence
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internment in the lead-up to war, heartily endorsed it in May/June 1940 and voiced strong opposition to the scale and speed of releases authorised by the Home Office from September 1940. In the meantime, they attempted to establish a network of informers in different camps on the Isle of Man in order to extend their control over the refugee population. All in all, MI5’s record in the internment crisis of 1940 represents one of its greatest failures and is among the less creditable aspects of its wartime record. Most of the political refugees were Jewish, prompting the

in A matter of intelligence
The politics of discrimination

reflected that the headquarters of the GRA had moved from Belle Vue to the White City, which had been built in 1904 for the 1908 London Olympics, and had opened Harringay and had sixteen other tracks by the end of 1927.20 Two of its intended tracks –​Crystal Palace, in London, and the Isle of Man –​failed to open, the NAGL having raised a petition of 43,434 signatures against the opening of the Crystal Palace track and the Tynwald (Isle of Man Parliament) having passed a betting and gaming bill prohibiting gambling other than on existing horse race meetings. The report

in Going to the dogs

enjoys at the Home Office owing to her friendship with Mr Cooper. Though she is in every way undesirable on account of her activities in this country, all our warnings regarding her have been persistently disregarded.39 It must have been especially galling for MI5 that Eva Kolmer, who had already been permitted to visit Seaton Camp at the beginning of 1940 in her capacity as a refugee official, was granted leave to visit the Isle of Man internment camps at the end of the year. All that the Security Service could do was to step up surveillance of her movements there.40

in A matter of intelligence
The case of Klaus Fuchs

Edinburgh with the enthusiastic support of Max Born. In July 1939, he applied for British naturalisation, but war broke out before his application could be considered. By then Fuchs had been recognised as a theoretical physicist of great potential; he had also become an ‘enemy alien’. Appearing before an internment tribunal on 2 November 1939, Fuchs was placed in category ‘C’ and exempted from internment. However, on 12 May 1940 he was arrested as part of the internment of aliens in protected areas (a prelude to mass internment) and held on the Isle of Man before being

in A matter of intelligence
The search for a place vision after the ‘troubles’

’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 17:4 (1993), pp. 595–609. 27 Department of the Environment (Northern Ireland), Regional Physical Development Strategy for Northern Ireland (Belfast: DoENI, 1975). 28 Ibid., p. 32. 29 Ibid., pp. 25–6. 30 This includes the administrations covering the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man. 31 R. Kearney, ‘Ireland and Britain: towards a Council of the Isles’, in R. Savage (ed.), Ireland in the New Century (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2003), pp. 28–42. 32

in Northern Ireland after the troubles
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The informers

political insight’. However, he also noted that Hiller was ‘a fervent opponent of Communism and very loyally disposed towards this country’.43 It is also evident that Sykes interrogated Hiller during a visit to the Isle of Man in December 1940; Hiller’s ‘personal file’ contains a letter addressed to ‘my dear Mr. Sykes’, in which he raged against Communist subterfuge and malpractice.44 Sykes almost certainly recommended Hiller’s release from internment. He was freed in January 1941 and his earliest reports followed days later. Few, if any, of those who turned informer were

in A matter of intelligence

divert company funds into their own private bank accounts in the Isle of Man. In Re Contract Packaging Ltd (HC, 16 January 1992 (Flood J.)), the directors were not prosecuted when they siphoned off in excess of £384,000 of company money for their personal use and defrauded the Revenue Commissioners. In Re Kelly’s Carpetdrome Ltd (HC, 1 July 1983 (Costello J.)), the directors were not prosecuted when they defrauded the Revenue Commissioners of €2 million. In an effort to withhold evidence from the liquidator, they burned down the business premises which stored company

in Corporate and white-collar crime in Ireland