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Renée Poznanski
Bojan Aleksov
, and
Robert Gildea

6 Transnational perspectives on Jews in the resistance Renée Poznanski, Bojan Aleksov and Robert Gildea A study of the role of Jews in rescue and resistance is one of the most powerful lenses through which to study transnational resistance. Many Jews fought in the Civil War in Spain, joined illegal groups resisting the German or Italian occupiers of their countries, were at the core of resistance activity in the camps, organised rescue actions or were saved thanks to escape lines. In the opening lines of his introduction to The New Transnational Activism, to

in Fighters across frontiers
Stacey Gutkowski

terminology and the conceptual debates. What does the term ‘ hiloni ’ mean? How do scholars use it? How do people who identify with the term use it? Scholars agree that the terminology of Western secularism does not translate for the Jewish-Israeli case. This is because Jewish tradition, a cornerstone of Jewish identity, is a powerful reference point even for those who think they are not halakhically observant. Before delving into the academic debates about who is hiloni (and who is masorti , a traditional Jew), here is a flavour of how self-identified hilonim

in Religion, war and Israel’s secular millennials
Timothy Longman

stumbled into genocide, as the strategy of asserting power by exterminating the Tutsi developed even as it was being implemented. The discussion carries echoes of the debate between intentionalists and structuralists in Holocaust studies, a disagreement over whether the genocide of Jews was the direct result of a master plan or grew out of the logic and structures of the Nazi state ( Mason, 1981 : 21–40; Browning, 2004 ). I discussed this issue with Des Forges shortly before her death, and she was inclined to agree with Guichaoua’s perspective, though in practice it

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

and the Congo, or the British and Mau Mau, or the French in Algeria. As the Americans joined the fray post World War II (after Nazi Germany’s attempt to exterminate the Jews, and after the US dropped two atomic bombs on civilians without warning), we can fast-forward to the use of nerve agents in Vietnam, the mass bombing of civilians in Cambodia, the giving of a green light to the government in East Pakistan to commit genocide in what is now Bangladesh or the political support the US gave to Pinochet and the Khmer Rouge. We can go back to the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sean Healy
Victoria Russell

Threatens Lives , 12 July , HRW : Brussels , (accessed 7 October 2020 ). Krekó , P. ( 2011 ), ‘ Jobbik Needs Jews to Run the World ’, Political Capital Institute : Budapest , 15

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps
Lasse Heerten
Arua Oko Omaka
Kevin O'Sullivan
, and
Bertrand Taithe

that manner. Yet Biafra also helped establishing the Holocaust as a genocide, singled out from Nazi crimes more generally: genocidal in nature, targeting minority groups and primarily the Jews. These references are thus interesting and insightful not only to get a better grasp of the Nigerian civil war, but they can also help us better understand the mechanics of Holocaust memory [ Heerten, 2017 , 280–4; Smith, 2014 ; Heerten and Moses, 2014 ]. Moreover

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Europeans, Muslim Immigrants and the onus of European–Jewish Histories

Relations between Europe and its Muslim minorities constitute an extensive focus for discussion both within and beyond the Continent. This book reports on the years mainly between 2005 and 2015 and focuses on the exploitation of recent European history when describing relations and the prospects for the nominally 'Christian' majority and Muslim minority. The discourse often references the Jews of Europe as a guiding precedent. The manifold references to the annals of the Jews during the 1930s, the Second World War and the Holocaust, used by both the Muslim minorities and the European 'white' (sic) majority presents an astonishing and instructive perspective. When researching Europe and its Muslim minorities, one is astonished by the alleged discrimination that the topic produces, in particular the expressions embodied in Islamophobia, Europhobia and anti-Semitism. The book focuses on the exemplary European realities surrounding the 'triangular' interactions and relations between the Europeans, Muslims and Jews. Pork soup, also known as 'identity soup', has been used as a protest in France and Belgium against multicultural life in Europe and against the Muslim migrants who allegedly enjoyed government benefits. If the majority on all sides of the triangle were to unite and marginalize the extreme points of the triangle, not by force but by goodwill, reason and patience, then in time the triangle would slowly but surely resolve itself into a circle. The Jews, Christians, Muslims and non-believers of Europe have before them a challenge.

Ben Cohen
Eve Garrard

. It is true that the central theme of On the Jewish Question is one supportive of the political rights of Jews. Bruno Bauer, against whom Marx was polemicizing in that essay, had argued that the political emancipation of the Jews, their availing themselves of political and civil rights within the democratic state, was incompatible with their Jewish particularism ; remaining Jewish they could not be true citizens. Against this, Marx counter-argued that political emancipation, so far from being incompatible with religious particularisms, presupposes them. The

in The Norman Geras Reader
Violence, aggression, anti-Israel and anti-Semitic phenomena
Amikam Nachmani

Shlomo Papirblat, ‘Aliette doesn’t live here anymore’)1 The anti-Semitic dynamic changes between countries. In France and Belgium it is fuelled by the frustrations of young Muslims living in poor suburbs. In Germany the new anti-Semitism blends in with the old neo-Nazi elements. In Britain it feeds off parts of the radical Left who see Israeli Jews as colonialists. In Spain, Italy and Greece the Judeophobia feeds off resentment towards the global financial system, which is widely blamed for these countries’ economic woes and deep recession. In Hungary, where there are

in Haunted presents
Joseph Heller

the partition borders of 1947, it did not support the Arab demand to destroy Israel. The Kremlin wanted both a neutral Israel 3 and to obviate any manifestation of a Jewish national revival on its own territory. An international conference in support of Soviet Jewry was held in Paris in mid-September 1960, which an angry Kremlin called an anti-Soviet plot to aggravate the Cold War. Soviet Jews, it

in The United States, the Soviet Union and the Arab– Israeli conflict, 1948– 67