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Timothy Longman

stumbled into genocide, as the strategy of asserting power by exterminating the Tutsi developed even as it was being implemented. The discussion carries echoes of the debate between intentionalists and structuralists in Holocaust studies, a disagreement over whether the genocide of Jews was the direct result of a master plan or grew out of the logic and structures of the Nazi state ( Mason, 1981 : 21–40; Browning, 2004 ). I discussed this issue with Des Forges shortly before her death, and she was inclined to agree with Guichaoua’s perspective, though in practice it

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sean Healy
and
Victoria Russell

Threatens Lives , 12 July , HRW : Brussels , www.hrw.org/news/2017/07/12/eu-draft-code-sea-rescues-threatens-lives (accessed 7 October 2020 ). Krekó , P. ( 2011 ), ‘ Jobbik Needs Jews to Run the World ’, Political Capital Institute : Budapest , 15

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

and the Congo, or the British and Mau Mau, or the French in Algeria. As the Americans joined the fray post World War II (after Nazi Germany’s attempt to exterminate the Jews, and after the US dropped two atomic bombs on civilians without warning), we can fast-forward to the use of nerve agents in Vietnam, the mass bombing of civilians in Cambodia, the giving of a green light to the government in East Pakistan to commit genocide in what is now Bangladesh or the political support the US gave to Pinochet and the Khmer Rouge. We can go back to the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps
,
Lasse Heerten
,
Arua Oko Omaka
,
Kevin O'Sullivan
, and
Bertrand Taithe

that manner. Yet Biafra also helped establishing the Holocaust as a genocide, singled out from Nazi crimes more generally: genocidal in nature, targeting minority groups and primarily the Jews. These references are thus interesting and insightful not only to get a better grasp of the Nigerian civil war, but they can also help us better understand the mechanics of Holocaust memory [ Heerten, 2017 , 280–4; Smith, 2014 ; Heerten and Moses, 2014 ]. Moreover

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Amikam Nachmani

, rapprochement, alliance, alignment, axis, entente, cooperation, partnership, unique development, shock, betrayal, the contemptuous machination of Turkey’s rich Jews (the donme ), “the odd couple,” etc. According to one count, by January 2002 sixty-six authors and research institutions had produced more than 100 academic and journalistic publications that attempted to analyze it. Furthermore, as Anat Lewin noticed, the Turkish press adopted the laudatory tone for Israel – its defense technology is the best in the field, the “Mossad” is the most dreaded counter

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Elizabeth Dauphinée

is universally understandable. Perhaps to attempt to give it meaning is itself an exercise in obscenity, not because of the inscrutable divinity of God or the faithfulness of Abraham, but because of the terror that befalls Isaac in the response to God’s command. What is at stake in the structure of the command that God gives: that Isaac die – and in the structure of the command given from Berlin: that the Jews die? For Caputo’s pseudonym, ‘the encounter with the absolutely other . . . with one capable of issuing a categorical call, leaves one in a state of

in The ethics of researching war
Abstract only
Elizabeth Dauphinée

-ideology of mass murder perpetrated against the Jews of Europe, does not readily pull into its sphere of signifiers the mass murder of Serbs, who could not stand fast, whose own bodies faltered and collapsed beneath the killing machines at Jasenovac and in mobile gassing vans – the reason why women name their sons Stojan – both because and despite. The grey zone that obscures victim and perpetrator – that effects their merger into one superfluous product of totalitarianism – muddles the possibility of responsibility, which is itself a muddled conception of how to respond

in The ethics of researching war
Elizabeth Dauphinée

against hostage taking.’33 26 4712P BOSNIA-PT/bp.qxd 6/12/06 15:04 Page 27 Responding to Others 2111 Here, we find a relatively immobile identification of victimhood: the neighbour called to the defence of the Other neighbour as the Third attacks him. This is an understanding of victimhood par excellence, an abject victimhood of genocide, of murder and expulsion; an assailment of one’s very right to be. This is the formula of the Shoah. In these events we find a paradigm of abject victimhood associated with the mechanized annihilation of the Jews of Europe

in The ethics of researching war
Abstract only
Elizabeth Dauphinée

beings were trapped inside its gates, but it cannot tell us who, exactly, even if it can tell us Jews. Only the reading of the names provides the intimate awareness of who was taken to poison showers, of whose weight the stark, fetid bunks bore, of whose drawn countenance turned to face the firing squad. In other words, Auschwitz as a proper name – as the name of an event and of a place which is a central node in a matrix of death – subsumes within its frame the proper names of the people whose lives were lost there. Similarly, images of nameless Bosnians standing in

in The ethics of researching war
Abstract only
Kees van der Pijl

17, Ukraine and the new Cold War Jews who had survived the genocide by the Nazis and Ukrainian fascists had emigrated in the 1970s, pushing down their share to 0.9 per cent.7 The Soviet experience left behind complicated linguistic loyalties, too. Practically all educated Ukrainians speak Russian (the language of education and media, including internet), and many ethnic Ukrainians speak Russian as their first language. Although an apparently overwhelming majority gave Ukrainian as their mother tongue in surveys (83 per cent in 1996), only half used it on a regular

in Flight MH17, Ukraine and the new Cold War