Search results

Abstract only
The ethics of violent technologies
Author: Elke Schwarz

As innovations in military technologies race toward ever-greater levels of automation and autonomy, debates over the ethics of violent technologies tread water. Discussions about whether lethal drones are the most moral and effective tools to combat terrorism, or whether killer robots could kill more ethically than humans, often end up conflating efficiency with morality and legality with ethicality. Such conceptual confusions raise urgent questions about what is at work in the relationship between lethal technologies, their uses, and the ethical justifications provided for technologised practices of political violence. What enables the framing of instruments for killing as inherently ethical? What socio-political rationale underpins these processes? And what kind of ethical framework for violence is produced in such a socio-political context? Death Machines reframes current debates on the ethics of technologised practices of violence, arguing that the way we conceive of the ethics of contemporary warfare is itself imbued with a set of bio-technological rationalities that work as limits. The task for critical thought must therefore be to unpack, engage, and challenge these limits. Drawing on the work of Hannah Arendt, the book offers a close reading of the technology-biopolitics-complex that informs and produces contemporary subjectivities, highlighting the perilous implications this has for how we think about the ethics of political violence, both now and in the future.

Elke Schwarz

outmoded as humans. Today's machines are designed to outpace human capabilities. In contrast, old-fashioned human organisms lack comparable processing capabilities and might, eventually, ‘face extinction’ (Singer 2009 : 415). Echoing this anxiety, technology tycoon Elon Musk has issued a dire warning about the dangers of rapidly advancing AI and the prospects of killer robots as capable of ‘deleting humans like spam’ (Musk 2014 ; Gibbs 2017 ). Musk is not alone

in Death machines
On Skynet, self-healing swarms and Slaughterbots
Jutta Weber

hopefully effective method of science communication to stimulate critical debate and achieve a ban on lethal autonomous weapons in the long run, because ‘serious discourse and academic argument are not enough to get the message through.’ 7 Negotiations over a ban on lethal autonomous weapons have been ongoing at the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons in Geneva since 2014, 8 with few results. At the same time, many non-governmental organisations and investigative journalist organisations such as the Campaign to Stop Killer Robots, 9 Code Pink, 10 the Bureau of

in Drone imaginaries
Abstract only
Jean-François Caron

October 2017 ). Bowcott , Owen . 2015 . ‘ UK Opposes International Ban on Developing “Killer Robots”  ’, The Guardian , 13 April. Leveringhaus , Alex . 2016 . Ethics and Autonomous Weapons . Oxford : Palgrave Macmillan . Muoio , Danielle . 2015 . ‘ Russia and China are Building Highly Autonomous Killer Robots ’, Business Insider , 15 December. Rosenberg , Matthew and John

in A theory of the super soldier
Abstract only
The conditioned human
Elke Schwarz

within which they take place. This question is concerned as much with what is happening in the present as it is concerned with why this present might be as it is. In such a vein, this book is motivated by questions about the ‘what’ and the ‘why’ of contemporary technologies of violence and the underpinnings of their ethics. The emergence of new technologies for violent practices – from lethal drones to so-called ‘killer robots’, to weaponised Artificial

in Death machines
Abstract only
Andreas Immanuel Graae and Kathrin Maurer

organisation, Jutta Weber actualises this sinister scenario in her chapter on the ethical implications of self-regulating swarms and killer robots. According to Weber, our current imagining of swarms and artificial intelligence (AI) is heavily coloured by military fantasies of autonomous and self-regulating systems on the one hand, and dystopic images of killer robots such as Skynet from the Terminator universe on the other. Weber critically engages with these persistent imaginaries through readings of some of the most widespread cases. In Slaughterbots , 28 for instance

in Drone imaginaries
Taking the role of non-governmental organisations in customary international lawmaking seriously
Valentina Azarova

’ in A Bianchi (ed), Non-State Actors and International Law ( Routledge 2009 ). 38 On the participation of non-governmental organisation in the Rome Statute conference, Lindblom (n 8) 463ff. Z Pearson , ‘ Non-Governmental Organisations and the International Criminal Court ’ ( 2006 ) 39 Cornell Journal of International Law 243 . 39 See generally: Bernaz and Pietropaoli (n 9). 40 Non-governmental organisations’ ‘Campaign to Stop Killer Robots’, Official Website www.stopkillerrobots.org/ accessed 16 July 2017. 41 On the work of the

in International organisations, non-State actors, and the formation of customary international law
Thomas Stubblefield

their operation relies. Simple triggers and tactical animism While the dystopian prospect of autonomous killer robots figures prominently in the collective anxiety regarding drones, the dangers of this technology might just as easily be described according to the exact opposite scenario, that is, the all too human nature of drones. In this regard, distinguishing the automated processes of targeting that occur via the martial networks of drone warfare from what is typically considered to be the more thoughtful human modes of sighting is perhaps not as easy as we

in Drone imaginaries
Abstract only
The seen unseen of drone warfare
Tom Holert

, Bird.’ Air Force Magazine November: 38–​42. Gregory, Derek. 2011. ‘The Everywhere War.’ Geographical Journal 177(3): 238–​50. Gregory, Derek. 2014a. ‘Drone Geographies.’ Radical Philosophy 183 (January/​ February): 7–​19. Gregory, Derek. 2014b. ‘Imag(in)ing Drones.’ Geographical Imaginations, 5 April. Accessed 14 December 2014. http://​geographicalimaginations.com/​2014/​04/​05/​dreaming-​of-​ drones/​. Grondin, David, and Paul Racine-​Sibulka. April 2011. ‘A Virtual Geography of Aerial Unmanned Warfare with the World as Battlefield: The Rise of Killer Robots and

in Image operations
Abstract only
World politics and popular culture
Jack Holland

, ‘Rethinking the Political/-Science-/Fiction Nexus: Global Policy Making and the Campaign to Stop Killer Robots’, Perspectives on Politics , 14:1 (2016), 53–69. 47 Nexon and Neumann, Harry Potter and International Relations ; Drezner, Theories of International Politics and Zombies ; J. Brassett, ‘British Comedy, Global Resistance: Russell Brand, Charlie Brooker, and Stewart Lee’, European Journal of International Relations , 22:1 (2016), 169–70; L. Hansen, ‘Theorizing the Image for Security Studies: Visual Securitization and the Muhammad Cartoon Crisis’, European

in Fictional television and American Politics