find an equilibrium with voters, politicians, prison staff and electoral
officials. The next section examines levels of registration and voting
among prisoners in polls subsequent to the 2007 election.
LisbonTreaty referendum, 2008
In June 2008, prisoners had the second opportunity to vote when the
Irish government held a referendum on the LisbonTreaty which provided for changes in governance of the European Union. Table 4.3
shows that the total number in custody on 15 February 2008 (date on
which the voting register was published) was 3,491. At the publication of
retained control over the necessary policies to promote national economic wellbeing in a global economy.50 The ‘Celtic Tiger’ phenomenon and Dublin’s (un)
conscious blending of Boston and Berlin’s socio-economic models had produced
a unique perspective on the EU in at least some Irish quarters, and it also fuelled
a sense of economic and national confidence.
This was epitomised by the Irish electorate’s rejection of both the Nice Treaty
and the LisbonTreaty in Irish referenda in 2001 and 2008, which led to reruns
in 2002 and 2009. Both the first Nice (Nice I) and
victim to the populist-led fear campaign against EU membership – a campaign aided and abetted by many of Cameron’s fellow Conservative Party members.
Cameron was replaced as Conservative Party leader and prime minister by Theresa May, who in March 2017 initiated the process of negotiating the UK’s departure from the EU. The process, under Article 50 of the LisbonTreaty on European Union, promised to stretch out over many months or even years. Whether it will end up as a “soft” departure, with generous terms for the UK, or a more punitive approach, remains to be
Chapter, and the LisbonTreaty have served to galvanise both Euroscepticism and the advocacy of withdrawal, and subsequently led to the rise of UKIP. The substantial influx of Eastern Europeans, particularly Polish immigrants in 2004, and the negative response from the tabloid press have also served to reduce the support of the British public for the European cause. As discussed in earlier chapters, evidence suggests there was an elite consensus in favour of Britain's membership of the Common Market. In respect of the British press, for example, the trajectory in