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and form of government. During the Middle Ages, as aficionados of the legend of Robin Hood will be aware, the King’s senior representative in a county was normally the Sheriff;15 but by the sixteenth century their frequent failure to rally the local gentry to support the Crown in times of need16 led to a decline in the Sheriffs’ political importance. Their influence was superseded by that of the Lord Lieutenant, the monarch’s direct representative in the county and below them the justices of the peace (JPs), appointed usually at the Lord Lieutenant’s nomination. The

in Explaining local government
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existence – having within twenty years had an independent legislature – having still her separate courts of justice, and distinct departments of executive government’ (Jenkins 2001: 42). Over the course of the nineteenth century, the offices of Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, based in Phoenix Park, and Chief Secretary of Ireland, in Dublin Castle, governed Ireland, overseeing a system of departments and boards which developed incrementally. Normally, either the Lord Lieutenant or Chief Secretary were members of the Cabinet. Mansergh has commented that the ‘most lasting

in Devolution in the UK

arranged for her to join the Drumcondra branch of Sinn Féin and introduced her to his friend Helena Molony, who brought her into the fold of the nationalist women’s organisation Inghinidhe na hÉireann (Daughters of Erin). Years later, after their friendship had soured due to political differences, the countess insisted that Hobson only patronised her in order to gain another ally in his power struggle with Griffith. 26 After reading an Irish Times account of the Lord Lieutenant Lord Aberdeen’s interest in a number of Boys’ Brigades and Boy

in Na Fianna Éireann and the Irish Revolution, 1909–23
Geographical networks of auxiliary medical care in the First World War

of which was driven by Lady Aberdeen, the Lord Lieutenant's wife. 56 The large reception rooms were ideal for hospital wards – surgical and recuperative – and immediately began to take in soldiers from hospital ships docked in Dublin Harbour. 57 Separate spaces were created for officers and enlisted men. Most of the other hospitals also took in a mix of both

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45
The Central Sphagnum Depot for Ireland at the Royal College of Science for Ireland, 1915–19

John's Ambulance Brigade (StJAB) and the British Red Cross Society (BRCS). Prior to the outbreak of war some women's first aid units had also been established to support either the Ulster Volunteer Force or the Irish Volunteers. 10 Almost immediately after the declaration of war, on 10 August 1914, the wife of the Lord Lieutenant, the indefatigable Lady Aberdeen, 11 then

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45
A tough but necessary measure?

Proscription is woven through the historical course of the Northern Ireland conflict. At the end of the nineteenth century, in an effort to exert greater control over unrest in Ireland, the British government passed the Criminal Law and Procedure (Ireland) Act, 1887. This served to extend the criminal code to allow the senior administrator, the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, the power to declare organisations ‘dangerous’ and thereby to ban them. The Irish National League was the first such group to be ‘proclaimed’ under the legislation. The order, when put before Parliament

in Banning them, securing us?
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Easter 1916 to winter 1918

, among other things, a successor to the Lord Lieutenancy.26 Dillon’s surprising decision to remain in Dublin in the aftermath of the Rising, however, requires some analysis. As stated, Dillon was the only member of the inner leadership to be in Dublin during the Rising. He had witnessed at first hand the fighting and its consequences. His house had soldiers and the relatives of captured rebels alike crossing its threshold and he had been in closer than ever contact with the government authorities in Ireland as a result of the crisis.27 In light of this, surely Dillon

in The Irish Parliamentary Party at Westminster, 1900–18
Remembering the Ulster Special Constabulary at the National Memorial Arboretum

all fallen UK police officers, while being led through the cathedral by a lone piper from the Royal Irish Regiment. The USC Historical Platoon, ‘immaculately dressed in their 1920s uniforms’, provided a guard of honour outside the cathedral. The highlight of the day, for one USCA member interviewed, was the ‘dedication service and the unveiling of the obelisk which was carried out by late President and ex-District Commandant, Comrade William John McFarlane, who was ninety years of age, accompanied by the Deputy Lord Lieutenant of Staffordshire, who was an ex

in The Northern Ireland Troubles in Britain
The impact of the First World War on attitudes to maternal and infant health

organisations attempted to address the issue, most notably the Women's National Health Association (WNHA). The WNHA was established in 1907 under the guidance of the Countess of Aberdeen Ishbel Gordon, wife of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Although primarily concerned with eradicating tuberculosis, its initial objectives included promoting the rearing of a ‘healthy and vigorous race

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45
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Introduction ሉሊ When inaugurating the Dublin-based Health and Industries exhibition Ui Breasail in 1911, Lady Aberdeen, wife of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and founder of the Women’s National Health Association, declared: ‘Better food, greater energy; better economy, greater prosperity; better health, fuller life; these sequences give sense and truth to a relation which sounds at first incongruous and ridiculous – national well-being.’1 Aberdeen’s statement is complex. She presented food as integral to national interests, illustrating how improvement of the

in Reforming food in post-Famine Ireland