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Naming and the numbers game

instance, one Tory councillor introduced himself as someone who had been ‘born and brought up’ in Dumfriesshire while another activist said he was ‘born and bred’ in nearby Annan. As the Lord Lieutenant of Dumfries explained when he gave evidence: ‘I have been in Dumfriesshire – I have lived in Dumfriesshire for over 70 years – and my family before me a long time longer. So I know this county fairly well, I think.’ Following Edwards (2000), then, I suggest that activists made claims to indigenous ‘expertise’ based on two alternative kinds of experience: that gained

in Devolution and the Scottish Conservatives
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Union which would expose them to unwanted English competition.62 Nevertheless, under the terms of the Act of Union, 1800, these tariffs were retained until 1808 and then gradually reduced. On 28 June 1822 a petition was sent to the Lord Lieutenant on behalf of the unemployed weavers of the city and Liberties of Dublin, who had endured hardship due to the ‘decaying trade’.63 The petition was also sent to the Dublin Society, Linen Board and Mendicity Association, and was signed by ‘upwards of 2,000 members of the trade’.64 John Brady, Secretary to the Linen Memorial

in The Protestant Orphan Society and its social significance in Ireland, 1828–1940

decrease in numbers being sent to reformatories would result in an increase in those being sent to industrial schools. Again, it appears that industrial schools were more politically palatable than the reformatories or the workhouse. With regard to administration, in the original Reformatory Schools Act, it was provided that ‘the office of Inspector of Reformatory Schools must be held by one of the Directors of Convict Prisons, or one of the Inspectors-General of Prisons, or such Special Inspector as the Lord Lieutenant might appoint’.19 In Ireland, the first Industrial

in The cruelty man

delinquency. Indeed there is evidence to suggest that those managing the schools resisted state attempts to interfere in their activities. A series of letters to John Sweetman, Honorary Secretary of the General Council of County Councils, in 1900 expressed opposition to moves to restrict the committal of young people to industrial schools to certain specific classes. A Lord Lieutenant’s Circular issued to Irish magistrates on 1 October 1898 set out the grounds upon which a young person could be lawfully detained at an industrial school. These included children under

in Wild Arabs and savages
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Immigration law’s racial architecture

removal of ‘aliens’ considered to be subversives.48 The aim of the legislation was to ensure the maintenance of the rule and power of the British monarchy and aristocracy. The Removal of Aliens Act 1848 renewed powers of removal ‘in readiness for another “alien menace” from continental revolutionaries’.49 The Act empowered the Home Secretary and the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland to expel ‘aliens’ if they were deemed to threaten the ‘preservation of the peace and tranquillity of the realm’.50 Britain and other European countries’ colonial activity had long led to people

in (B)ordering Britain

organisation founded by Countess Aberdeen, the wife of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1907, in response to the conditions she observed in Dublin. By 1911, the WNHA had 155 branches and 18,000 members. Its activism was focused on issues affecting the poor, from hygiene to maternal and child welfare. Earner-Byrne, Mother and Child, p. 15. The Women’s Cooperative Guild was another group working to push the needs of working-class mothers to the centre of social policy. See Irvine Loudon, Death in Childbirth: An International Study of Maternity Care and Maternal Mortality 1800

in The cruelty man
Exile, adjustment and experience, 1691–1745

official documents’, p. 128. 58 ‘The deposition of Michael Lehy of Killoloran, in the liberties of the said city of Waterford’, 26 Jan. 1714 (T.C.D., Ms 2022, fols 105–6); ‘Proclamation by the lord lieutenant and council’, 2 Feb. 1713 (U.L., Cambs., Hib.O.713.12). irish jacobites in early modern europe 93 59 Ó Buachalla, ‘Irish Jacobitism in official documents’; Ó Buachalla, Aisling Ghéar, p. 339. 60 ‘Extract of a letter written by John Brady’, Dublin, 8 Feb. 1714 (N.A.R.O., S.P. 63/370/169). See also T.C.D., 2022, fol. 227. Brady’s name is also associated with

in British and Irish diasporas