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On 5 November 1711, the Chancellor of Christ Church Cathedral in Dublin, John Travers, preached a sermon in the cathedral before the Irish Lord Lieutenant, James Butler, second duke of Ormond. It being the anniversary of the Gunpowder Plot, Travers reminded his congregation that, just over a century ago, the ‘Powder was actually plac’d in a Cellar under the Parliament House … and the Train was laid for setting

in The later Stuart Church, 1660–1714
Were they too good for them?

, which cumulatively dismantled most of the penal laws, came almost entirely from successive British governments, anxious about Britain’s standing in the world or fearful of the consequences of Catholic disaffection in Ireland. Left to themselves, it is hard to see Irish (Protestant) politicians making any attempt to set in train the progressive undoing of the penal laws. It was in 1746 that an exasperated lord lieutenant, The penal laws against Irish Catholics 157 Lord Chesterfield, complained that Irish Protestants were ‘in general still in the year 1689 and have

in Irish Catholic identities
Clerical responses to the British campaign

’Alton accompanied Archbishop Gilmartin to Ballinrobe RIC barracks to offer his condolences, ‘describing the victims as men of excellent character’.47 However, when the required ministrations implied endorsement of the British government it proved more difficult to obtain clerical cooperation. In April 1921 a new lord lieutenant was appointed in the person of Viscount Fitzalan of Derwent, the first Catholic to accede to that position since the seventeenth century. Fitzalan had received permission from the Holy See to establish a chapel in the viceregal lodge. Fitzalan wrote to

in Freedom and the Fifth Commandment

petitioning the lord lieutenant to mitigate the effects of the penal laws.28 However, these efforts may have been undermined by the service given by successive generations of Esmondes to the armies of France, Spain and Austria during the eighteenth century. Sir John, the 5th baronet (d.1758), served as a captain of dragoons in the Spanish army in the 1730s, while his cousin James, 7th baronet (1701–67), served in the French army.29 His uncle Patrick, Chevalier d’Esmonde, was in the Austrian service (and spent seven years in a Turkish prison)30 along with his son Maurice

in Irish Catholic identities

, part 2, p. 22. 22 Francis Hutchinson to William Wake, June 1721 (C.C., Wake Letters, vol. 13, no. 251). 14 134 Ireland he died on 15 October 1720. Two weeks after Smythe’s death, William King wrote to the head of the Irish executive, the Lord Lieutenant, Charles Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton, to ask him to present the vacant bishopric to the Irish Dean of Clogher and chaplain to the House of Commons, William Gore. Gore was brother to the Chancellor of the Irish Exchequer, Ralph Gore, and both men were prominent members of the Irish interest.23 King was particularly

in Witchcraft and Whigs

peace with the royalists and stave off destruction at the hands of the parliament. As the royalist coalition established by the earl of Ormond in early 1649 failed to halt the inexorable advance of parliament’s forces, Ireland’s Catholics once more proved willing to embrace alternatives. The Catholic hierarchy first pressurised Ormond into resigning his royal commission as lord lieutenant and, after Charles II’s deal with the Scots, they requested aid from the duke of Lorraine given that his ‘His Majesty throweth away the nation … [and] will have no friends but the

in Irish Catholic identities
The social, economic and cultural improvement of Ireland and the Irish, 1721–39

committee of the whole house would reconvene after two months. Shortly afterwards, on 7 November, the Irish House of Lords passed a resolution stating that a national bank would prove detrimental to Ireland’s economic fortunes. Lords Limerick, Ferrard, Strabane and Boyne, along with Ralph Lambert, Bishop of Dromore, and Hutchinson, entered a protest against this resolution on the grounds that the committee of the whole house charged with examining the bill had dismissed it without due consideration. The debate which followed was cut short when the lord lieutenant, the

in Witchcraft and Whigs
Hutchinson and party politics, 1700–20

in Christ-Church, Dublin, on Friday, November 5th 1731. Being the anniversary . . . of . . . the gun-powder plot: . . . before His Grace Lionel Duke of Dorset, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in Parliament assembled. By Francis, Lord Bishop of Down and Connor. Published by command of his Grace the Lord Lieutenant, and by order of the House of Lords (3rd edn, Dublin, 1731), p. 10. 100 Mischler, ‘Political sermons’, p. 43. 101 Francis Hutchinson, A sermon preached in Christ’s Church, Dublin, on the first of August, 1721. Being the

in Witchcraft and Whigs

priest of like mind and political outlook, and the two set about placing the Irish College firmly at the disposal of the republican movement. Walsh was soon given an opportunity to pronounce for himself on the IRA campaign. On 19 December the Lord Lieutenant, Lord French, narrowly escaped assassination in a republican ambush at Ashtown in County Dublin. The attempt on such a high profile target represented the extent to which the war was changing tempo. Republicans, as Townshend has argued, had an instinctive grasp of guerrilla strategy and the effectiveness of propaganda

in Michael Logue and the Catholic Church in Ireland, 1879–1925
Abstract only

sympathisers, 178 Michael Logue & the Catholic Church in Ireland I have little doubt that an attack is being organised against our Catholic schools’. Logue told him he believed that the commission was no more than a pretext for this attack.65 Londonderry was rather taken aback and somewhat hurt by the vehemence of the cardinal’s refusal. He complained to Ireland’s Lord Lieutenant, Lord FitzAlan, who was himself Catholic, that Logue simply could not have understood what was being proposed. He further protested that he would do his utmost to lift the commission above

in Michael Logue and the Catholic Church in Ireland, 1879–1925