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analysis is concerned with communism as a party political programme rather than communism as the philosophy of historical materialism. It concludes, with Walker Connor, that ‘at one and the same time, a differentiation between the concepts of nation and nationality that was being advanced in East Germany to support a case for one nationality but two nations was being employed in Vietnam to support a case for several nationalities

in Soldered states

and M. Micheletti , Political Consumerism: Global Responsibility in Action ( New York : Cambridge University Press , 2013 ), p. 77 . Some research has shown that fathers are more critical of ‘hyper-materialism’ than mothers. See F. Shirani , K. Henwood and C. Coltart , ‘ Meeting the Challenges of Intensive Parenting Culture: Gender, Risk Management, and the

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
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Andrew Williams

State: The Diffusion of Power in the World Economy (Cambridge University Press, 1996) and Geoffrey Underhill (ed.), The New World Order in International Finance (London, Macmillan, 1997). 29 Mark Rupert, ‘Alienation, Capitalism and the Inter-State System: Towards a Marxian/Gramscian Critique’, in Stephen Gill (ed.), Gramsci, Historical MUP/Williams/Intro 17 23/10/98, 11:22 am 18 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 MUP/Williams/Intro Failed imagination? Materialism and International Relations (Cambridge University Press, 1993), p. 67 and Robert Cox and

in Failed imagination?
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equipped to define fine nuances in Confucian hierarchy than the intricacies of historical materialism. The meaning of existing terms also changed, as the entire cultural system on which they were based underwent a revolution. Both the legal and the moral sense of legitimacy are now rendered in Vietnamese, suggesting that it is a feasible analytical term in this context (cf. Jamieson 1993, 317). The word hợp pháp literally means

in Soldered states

of the most disruptive and violent social projects, one of which so far has collapsed under its own weight. Buck-Morss however, is quick to point out that while it may seem like the end of the Cold War has already designated the victor in the unspoken competition between the two utopias, the fall of the communist illusion does not point to the strengths of capitalism, but quite the contrary. Given that both utopias were based on more or less similar promises of collective happiness and materialism through the sovereign structure of the state, Buck-Morss warns that

in Revolution, democratic transition and disillusionment
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Redefining security in the Middle East

–neomarxism, historical materialism, feminism, environmentalism, postcolonialism and postmodernism. This dissident trend, a broad canvas referred to as ‘critical security studies’, has shed light on some of the emerging patterns of conflict that have dramatically altered both the contours of security and the possibilities for conflict resolution in the post-Cold War era. The task of revisiting the subject of security has

in Redefining security in the Middle East
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historical materialism. The year 1935 saw the Vietnamese communists seeking to ally with Vietnamese ‘bourgeois nationalists’, in line with the Soviet Comintern policy of creating a popular front in order to achieve a two-stage revolution. These compatriots shared a form of linguistic nationalism, which championed a romanised transcription of Vietnamese as the national script. Known as quốc ngữ – meaning

in Soldered states
A visual narrative of the Romanian transition to capitalism

Sinclair,” Historical Materialism 14.2 (2006). 3 I am borrowing the term from Walter Benjamin and his visual examination of the French—Parisian transition to industrialism. Benjamin used the term wish-image to express either an imagined image or an actual visual image or scene that often triggered a series of emotions and “wishes” that helped paint a particular vision—often positive—of the future as well as the past. 4 Guy Debord, The Society of the Spectacle, trans. Donald NicholsonSmith (New York: Zone Books, 1994), 24. 5 Debord, The Society of the Spectacle, 10. 6

in Revolution, democratic transition and disillusionment

Burton’s needs theory offers the fundamental targets for the workshop. The notion of needs can be given another interpretation. William James considers needs as yardsticks of competing metaphysical (e.g. materialism and theism) views. Smith summarises James’s ideas: At this point, however, James introduced another and quite different

in Culture and international conflict resolution