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solidarity; and recourse to independent military solutions by the US is (at 24 Concepts and frameworks Table 1.2  Europeanisation and its contemporary manifestations (adapted from McCormick, 2010) EU-isation Euro-Atlanticism Euro-Asianism Cosmopolitanism Multiple identities Communitarianism Collective state Welfarism Civil/industrial complex Exceptionalism Single identity Individualism Minimal state Materialism Military/industrial complex Consumerism Redefining the family Work-life balance Societal protection/ retribution Pluralist religiosity Capital punishment

in The European Union and its eastern neighbourhood
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analysis is concerned with communism as a party political programme rather than communism as the philosophy of historical materialism. It concludes, with Walker Connor, that ‘at one and the same time, a differentiation between the concepts of nation and nationality that was being advanced in East Germany to support a case for one nationality but two nations was being employed in Vietnam to support a case for several nationalities

in Soldered states
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answerable and they have to live on very little, on what they can scavenge during the day. Now our people don’t have to do that.15 The party which ‘looked after everybody’ now operated in a country in which ‘rules’ that should ‘catch’ people in trouble undermined possibilities for a positive role domestically. ‘Naturally’ it looked further afield to find new objects and realise this ambition. Africa’s larger problems made helping far less contentious. There was a suggestion too of ingratitude. This was rooted in a distaste of materialism and greed, something that the

in Britain and Africa under Blair
Simone de Beauvoir and a Global Theory of Feminist Recognition

over the world to ensure these projects ( 1948 : 18). In these senses, Beauvoir premises her account of misrecognition on the lived experience of social suffering. Rather than appealing to metanarratives of historical materialism or biological determinism, she submits that it is women's ambiguity, and, in relation to it their trans-cultural need for ‘ethical-spiritual self-creation’ (Vintges 2006 : 214), that

in Recognition and Global Politics
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Alternative approaches to violence in International Relations

-rooted meaning, shaped by waves of history, linked in part to materialism but also formed by the interaction of stories of war with late modernity and globalisation. While I fully accept that each of the traditions – hermeneutics, phenomenology, postmodernism and poststructuralism – have been refined and developed in very different ways, it seems to me that they each provide a set of theoretical approaches which can be used to interpret and analyse contemporary violence. Hermeneutics (which is concerned with meaning and the interpretation of texts); phenomenology (which

in Contemporary violence

articulated partly through the medium of the European Parliament. The analysis of the EU’s interests thus involves consideration of both the political discourse surrounding its external role conceptions and of the institutional policy-making process within the EU. The limits of materialism How a political community defines its interests depends on objective, material factors (such as geography, size

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
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about the people she works with. We are bowled over by the fact that you can suffer such terrible atrocities and forgive … We were immensely moved by the reintegration of child soldiers … and yet in our society we are so quick to blame children and so quick to label them and send them off to a horrible institution … We realised that we were dealing with a group of people who had a capacity [for forgiveness] that we may never have possessed.35 Ordinary people in Africa are often presented as less complex, and morally superior to the materialism and selfishness that

in Britain and Africa under Blair
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Andrew Williams

State: The Diffusion of Power in the World Economy (Cambridge University Press, 1996) and Geoffrey Underhill (ed.), The New World Order in International Finance (London, Macmillan, 1997). 29 Mark Rupert, ‘Alienation, Capitalism and the Inter-State System: Towards a Marxian/Gramscian Critique’, in Stephen Gill (ed.), Gramsci, Historical MUP/Williams/Intro 17 23/10/98, 11:22 am 18 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 MUP/Williams/Intro Failed imagination? Materialism and International Relations (Cambridge University Press, 1993), p. 67 and Robert Cox and

in Failed imagination?
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materialism in complete domination of all human life’ which he led him to appreciate how necessary ‘it is to seek renewed faith and strength from his God, and sharpen up his sword for the struggle that cannot be escaped’. Eden was alarmed that Eisenhower’s private remarks seemed to echo the public rhetoric of Dulles that could be, up to this point, interpreted as warning shots, only, to the Communists. Eisenhower’s private comments opened up the possibility that there was Hennessey, Britain's Korean War.indd 276 02/10/2013 09:11:50 Epilogue: Bermuda 277 more substance

in Britain’s Korean War

admirers may have been and continue to be driven by a nostalgia for a romanticized past, the majority have been and are moved by a strong desire to evolve a better world in the light of existing realities.’ Gandhi did not want Indians to blindly ape the Europeans. He did not believe that western culture was superior and was against materialism and what he regarded as the ‘amoral pursuit of knowledge’.At the same time, he adopted some of the values of the European enlightenment, such as the doctrines of human rights, egalitarianism and democracy. He also drew upon Indian

in India in a globalized world