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Enrico Pugliese

10  Enrico Pugliese International migrations and the Mediterranean Introduction: the Mediterranean migration scene and its evolution In recent decades the Mediterranean has witnessed an expansion of the migration routes and exchanges taking place within its shores and a parallel modification of the actors involved, of the areas where the most relevant processes occur, and of the economic, political and military drivers that activate the movements and determine the direction of travel. Within this frame migrations are at the same time the effects of events that

in Western capitalism in transition
Hakim Abderrezak

13 Harragas in Mediterranean illiterature and cinema Hakim Abderrezak Refugees and migrants: all in the same boat A three-year-old lies face down on the shore of the Ali Hoca Burnu beach in Bodrum, Turkey. This photograph, showing the lifeless body of young Syrian Aylan Kurdi appeared in European and Turkish newspapers, circulated on social networks, and moved a huge number of media users. Commentators have speculated that this image effected a noticeable shift in public opinion about Mediterranean Sea crossings from the Middle East and Africa. Initially, the

in Reimagining North African Immigration
Nicola Negri and Chiara Saraceno

8  Nicola Negri and Chiara Saraceno The Mediterranean welfare states between recalibration and change in the cultural paradigm Whether there is a specific Mediterranean welfare regime is an open debate. There is, however, consensus on the existence of what is known as a ‘Mediterranean welfare-state syndrome’ shared by all four southern European countries: Greece, Italy, Spain and Portugal. In this chapter, after having synthetically recalled the main features of this syndrome, we will describe how, and within which economic, cultural and political constraints

in Western capitalism in transition
Open Access (free)
Burying the victims of Europe’s border in a Tunisian coastal town
Valentina Zagaria

The Mediterranean Sea has recently become the deadliest of borders for illegalised travellers. The victims of the European Union’s liquid border are also found near North African shores. The question of how and where to bury these unknown persons has recently come to the fore in Zarzis, a coastal town in south-east Tunisia. Everyone involved in these burials – the coastguards, doctors, Red Crescent volunteers, municipality employees – agree that what they are doing is ‘wrong’. It is neither dignified nor respectful to the dead, as the land used as a cemetery is an old waste dump, and customary attitudes towards the dead are difficult to realise. This article will first trace how this situation developed, despite the psychological discomfort of all those affected. It will then explore how the work of care and dignity emerges within this institutional chain, and what this may tell us about what constitutes the concept of the human.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Franco-Maghrebi identity in Hassan Legzouli’s film Ten’ja
Ramona Mielusel

’s transformation and initiation from denial to acceptance of his double-sided identity as an essential understanding of his Franco-Maghrebi status on both sides of the Mediterranean. In order to map out this process, I will first focus on the main protagonist’s relationship with his father and the impact of the father’s death on his sense of identity. I will continue with an examination of the young man’s hybrid, Franco-Maghrebi identity as it is revealed to him during his journey. Nordine successfully reconciles his multiple identities by Franco-Maghrebi identity and Ten

in Reimagining North African Immigration
Global processes, local challenges

This book is a tribute to Enzo Mingione and his contribution to the fields of sociology and urban studies on the occasion of his retirement. It touches upon the processes of transformation of cities to the informal economy, from the Fordist crisis to the rediscovery of poverty, from the welfare state and welfare policies to migration and the transformation of work. These themes constitute the analytical building blocks of this book on the transitions that Western capitalist societies are undergoing. The book focuses on social foundations of Western capitalism, explaining how socio-economic and institutional complementarities that characterised postwar capitalism created relatively integrated socio-economic regimes, It has five thematic sections reflecting five areas of capitalism, the search interests of Enzo Mingione. The first discusses the transformations of global capitalism, addressing how capitalism works and how it changes. The second provides insights into the mechanisms of re-embedding, in particular how welfare policies are part of a societal reaction to capitalism's disruptive dynamic. The third addresses some main challenges that citizenship systems established in the post-war period have had to face, from the spread of new employment regimes to new migratory flows. The fourth addresses cities and their transformation and the final section addresses poverty and its spatial dimension as a crucial lens through which to understand the differentiated impact of the processes of change in Western capitalist societies, both in socio-economic and spatial terms.

Identities in flux in French literature, television, and film

Christiane Taubira's spirited invocation of colonial poetry at the French National Assembly in 2013 denounced the French politics of assimilation in Guyana . It was seen as an attempt to promote respect for difference, defend the equality of gay and heterosexual rights, and give a voice to silent social and cultural minorities. Taubira's unmatched passion for poetry and social justice, applied to the current Political arena, made her an instant star in the media and on the Internet. This book relates to the mimetic and transformative powers of literature and film. It examines literary works and films that help deflate stereotypes regarding France's post-immigration population, promote a new respect for cultural and ethnic minorities. The writers and filmmakers examined in the book have found new ways to conceptualize the French heritage of immigration from North Africa and to portray the current state of multiculturalism in France. The book opens with Steve Puig's helpful recapitulation of the development of beur, banlieue, and urban literatures, closely related and partly overlapping taxonomies describing the cultural production of second-generation, postcolonial immigrants to France. Discussing the works of three writers, the book discusses the birth of a new Maghrebi-French women's literature. Next comes an examination of how the fictional portrayal of women in Guene's novels differs from the representation of female characters in traditional beur literature. The book also explores the development of Abdellatif Kechiche's cinema, Djaidani's film and fiction, French perception of Maghrebi-French youth, postmemorial immigration, fiction, and postmemory and identity in harki.

Seán Ó Riain

29/07/2014 09:26 Page 23 Where is Ireland in the worlds of capitalism? 23 its small open economy and durable liberal economic institutions, be compared to countries such as Denmark or the Netherlands in the historical core of Europe? Or did it make more sense to locate Ireland with the Mediterranean countries in the European periphery, based on their shared experience of underdevelopment and a related reliance on agriculture and weak industrial development that depended heavily on foreign investment? Ireland did not sit easily within either of these groups

in Are the Irish different?
Abstract only
Véronique Machelidon and Patrick Saveau

immigration and give a new dignity to the subjects supposedly located on the margin of the Republic. The writers and filmmakers examined in this collection have found new ways to conceptualize the French heritage of immigration from North Africa and to portray the current state of multiculturalism in France, within, and in spite of, a continuing republican framework. More generally, this volume seeks to take the pulse of French postcoloniality by studying the evolving representations of trans-Mediterranean immigration to France in recent literature and films produced by a

in Reimagining North African Immigration
The effects of gender, households and ethnicity
Jacqueline O’Reilly, Mark Smith and Paola Villa

-country differences in educational and training systems, employment policy and labour market institutions, and general macro-economic conditions. However, in addition to individual and country characteristics, we argue that family background also plays an important role in determining the type of trajectories experienced by young individuals, especially in Mediterranean and some Eastern European countries. For some young people, unemployment is a frictional experience; for others, long-term exposure is part of a generational legacy (O’Reilly et al., 2015). The experiences of the

in Making work more equal