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Examining Ireland’s failure to regulate embryonic stem cell research
Ciara Staunton

10 A moral gap? Examining Ireland’s failure to regulate embryonic stem cell research Ciara Staunton Introduction Developments in human biotechnology have created new ethical concerns. Just as the early years of organ transplant technology brought about a change in our concept of death, developments in embryology are challenging our concept of what constitutes life. Progress in medical science has now made it possible not only to create an embryo in a laboratory, but to destroy that same embryo in the course of medical research. While there is great potential for

in Ethical and legal debates in Irish healthcare
Jane Freebody

1 The role of work in late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century treatises on moral treatment in France, Tuscany and Britain Jane Freebody This chapter will assess whether British, French and Tuscan authors writing about the moral treatment of insanity in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries advocated work as an essential aspect of this new method of treatment.1 It will be argued that work was not considered an integral part of moral treatment throughout the period 1750–1840. The sources comprise sixteen contemporary publications focusing on

in Work, psychiatry and society, c. 1750–2015
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Katherine Fennelly

construction of asylums in the early nineteenth century will be juxtaposed with the built environment and the institution-specific needs which drove individual asylums to adapt their buildings in certain ways. Far from homogenous, asylums were highly specialised to their local populations. The material fabric of the buildings themselves evidences the individuality of local authorities in their approach to asylum building, and the varying interpretations of reform ideals such as moral management and non-restraint. Asylum architecture and the use of asylum buildings is

in An archaeology of lunacy
A feminist analysis of the Neary and Halappanavar cases
Joan McCarthy

cases are very different from one another in many respects, they also share important similarities. They provide evidence of not only a profound unease with women’s reproductive capacity but also the influence of Catholic norms on healthcare practice, and the denigration of women’s moral authority, agency and professional credibility (sometimes by women themselves). These are two examples among many in recent times where these kinds of factors have led to the abuse and deprecation of women in Ireland (McAleese, 2013; Walsh, 2013). My feminist reading of these

in Ethical and legal debates in Irish healthcare
Ruth Fletcher

been hard-­won, also animates the justification for legal limits on CO. In arguing for a harm reduction approach, the account offered here draws on, but distinguishes itself from, those who have relied on public obligations to refute CO and those who have relied on an individual right to moral integrity to ground CO. Conscientious objection and critical consciousness Some believe that healthcare professionals should not be able to refuse healthcare on grounds of conscience (Savulescu, 2006; Kelleher, 2010; Gallagher et al., 2013: 6; Fiala and Arthur, 2014) and that

in Ethical and legal debates in Irish healthcare
Reason and relation in the work cure
Jennifer Laws

Retreat Near York, published June 1813, in which it is declared that of all methods to coax the melancholic patient back to reality and reason, work was to be regarded both the most effective and efficacious. As is well known in the history of psychiatry, the Description of the Retreat: An Institution Near York for Insane Persons of the Society of Friends, is the detailed and often lively account of the enigmatic Quaker Retreat in North Yorkshire, England, at which moral treatment – and thus work therapy by association – is widely credited to have had its English

in Work, psychiatry and society, c. 1750–2015
Artificial limb patents, medical professionalism and the moral economy in ante
Caroline Lieffers

137 6 ITINERANT MANIPULATORS AND PUBLIC BENEFACTORS: ARTIFICIAL LIMB PATENTS, MEDIC AL PROFESSIONALISM AND THE MORAL ECONOMY IN ANTEBELLUM AMERIC A Caroline Lieffers ‘The legal right is, of course, not disputed; the moral right is by no means so clear.’ So wrote Robert Arthur, a professor at the Philadelphia College of Dental Surgery, in 1853.1 Arthur was referring to the practice of patenting, which was at the centre of contentious debates to define ethics and etiquette in a variety of health professions in nineteenth-​century America. The legal right was in

in Rethinking modern prostheses in Anglo-American commodity cultures, 1820–1939
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Health as moral economy in the long nineteenth century
Christopher Hamlin

Unlike most other forms of historical writing, histories of public health are moral narratives. For more than a century, historians of the infectious diseases that were long its chief focus have been able to unfold the drama of heroic social and scientific achievement over complacency and ignorance. That narrative is possible because author and reader share metrics of progress – through microbiology and epidemiology. One knows what needs to happen. Suffering from faecal-oral diseases? Stop ingesting … But what and who will facilitate, or

in Progress and pathology
The construction of ‘workshy’, ‘industrious’ and (non-)compliant inmates in forced labour facilities in the First Republic of Austria between 1918 and 1933
Sonja Hinsch

12 They were ‘improved’, punished and cured: The construction of ‘workshy’, ‘industrious’ and (non-)compliant inmates in forced labour facilities in the First Republic of Austria between 1918 and 1933 Sonja Hinsch Mathilde S., a twenty-one-year-old woman from Styria, was regarded as ‘workshy’. She would roam the streets and beg. She also suffered from epilepsy. Her illness was considered to exacerbate her moral weakness. She was convicted for vagrancy and begging, had to serve one month in prison, then was detained and forced to work in a ‘Zwangsarbeitsanstalt

in Work, psychiatry and society, c. 1750–2015
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Catherine Cox

7 Inside the asylums On 30 January 1857, a single woman entered Carlow asylum and was diagnosed as suffering from ‘mania’. She had become ill the previous November and the medical superintendent recorded that there was a history of insanity in her father’s family. Religion, and specifically the ‘late mission in the town’, was recorded as the exciting cause of illness. She was discharged in May 1858. Her recovery was accredited to the ‘general moral treatment of the establishment with attention to general health’.1 She had been prescribed sedatives and a robust

in Negotiating insanity in the southeast of Ireland, 1820–1900