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Abstract only
Philip Hammond

The focus of this chapter is Operation Allied Force, the Nato air campaign against Yugoslavia from 24 March to 10 June 1999. Nato’s intervention was in response to ongoing conflict in the Serbian province of Kosovo and was triggered by the Yugoslav government’s failure to sign a peace agreement with representatives of Kosovo’s ethnic-Albanian majority. Nato’s declared aim

in Framing post-Cold War conflicts
Abstract only
Philip Hammond

numerous initiatives by the EC, the United States, the UN, Nato and other international actors, including: imposing economic sanctions against Yugoslavia and providing humanitarian aid; deploying UN peacekeepers and establishing ‘safe areas’; mediating in ceasefires and hosting peace conferences; brokering an alliance between the Bosnian Muslim and Croatian governments; setting up a war crimes tribunal

in Framing post-Cold War conflicts
Homer B. Pettey

’, thereby exposing his own quasi-Marxist ideology and nationalism. 11 Without doubt, Z's character in both the novel and the film fits the role of political agitator. Z 's speech also indicates how inculcated the Greek government remained with NATO, Pentagon, and CIA plans for the region. 12 Because the eastern Mediterranean had seen turmoil with the Suez Crisis of 1956, an Israeli–Egypt conflict that also involved the British and the French military, NATO and US governmental interests in Greece's strategic geographical locale increased. For the London

in The films of Costa-Gavras
National identity in The Transporter trilogy
Jennie Lewis-Vidler

Statham depicts Martin’s nationality will have a focus throughout the chapter. In truth, Besson went to great lengths to conceal Martin’s nationality: Statham’s accent was displaced to a mid-Atlantic dialect, a generic cross-national name and Martin’s military career within an intergovernmental NATO Special Forces unit all helped to confuse his character’s true identity. Furthermore, it

in Crank it up
Abstract only
Post-Cold War conflicts and the media
Philip Hammond

missions reached 72,000 (IISS 1999: 291). The Cold War Nato military alliance first saw action only after the fall of communism, bombing the Bosnian Serbs in 1994 and 1995 and again bombing Yugoslavia in 1999. Britain and France undertook unilateral military missions in former African colonies, and for the first time since 1945 Germany and Japan sent troops overseas on active duty. The rationale and

in Framing post-Cold War conflicts
Abstract only
Sam Rohdie

Desire Io stesso sono dell’epoca di Mann, Proust, Mahler. Sono nato nel 1906 e il mondo che mi ha circondato, il mondo artistico, ­letterario, musicale, è quel mondo li. Non è un caso che mi ci senta ­attaccato. Probabilmente ho anche dei ricordi visivi, figurativi, una specie di memoria involontaria che mi aiuta a ricostruire l’atmosfera di quell’epoca. Oggi è tutto diverso. Se dovessi fare oggi un film ­moderno non so dove andrei a cercare i miei ambienti; mi sembra tutto molto meno interessante, mi sembra, come dire, molto meno stuzzicante. La società europea

in Film modernism
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Framing post-Cold War conflicts
Philip Hammond

suggestion that Hutu refugees were in thrall to a genocidal ideology and that violence against them was therefore justified. In Kosovo, the distortions again appear to have been largely deliberate, with signs that journalists were fully aware that talking up genocide was a calculated propaganda ploy by Nato governments but went along with it anyway. Collusion and collaboration

in Framing post-Cold War conflicts
Kirsten Forkert
,
Federico Oliveri
,
Gargi Bhattacharyya
, and
Janna Graham

similar terms. Most notably, all of them failed to cover any conflict in terms other than the implications for European political and economic interests. The articles were identified on Nexis using the terms ‘Name of country + war OR bombing OR troops OR ceasefire OR peace talks OR war crimes OR civilians OR international OR terrorism OR civil war or human rights OR crime OR drugs’ and the equivalent in Italian. The timeframe included: 28 December 2014–28 January 2015 to coincide with the NATO withdrawal from Afghanistan; 30 September 2015–30 October 2015 to coincide

in How media and conflicts make migrants
Contemporary naval films
Jonathan Rayner

preparations for the launch of a reconnaissance fighter from an aircraft carrier, policing the skies over a fragile cease-fire. These, and later scenes such as close-ups of the functioning of the aircraft’s digital recording equipment and ejector seats, seem to document and eulogise superior American military hardware. However, in a frustration of expectation aroused by the sequence’s glossy appeal, the launch and the rock music soundtrack are aborted together. The indecision that the terminated launch represents is apportioned to NATO, rather than the Navy, TNWC07 16

in The naval war film
Abstract only
Making sense of conflict
Kirsten Forkert
,
Federico Oliveri
,
Gargi Bhattacharyya
, and
Janna Graham

cannot be recognised because it would violate the UN Charter’s prohibition of the use of force. The 1990s witnessed unprecedented levels of such ‘humanitarian interventions’: for example, the safe haven for the Kurds of Northern Iraq (1991), Somalia (1992–93), Bosnia (1992–95), the intervention of the Economic Community of West African States in Liberia (1990–96), the US-led intervention in Haiti (1994), French-led forces in Rwanda (1994), NATO’s intervention in Serbia and Kosovo (1999), this last highly controversial as it occurred without legal authorisation by the

in How media and conflicts make migrants