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Islamic exorcism and psychiatry: a film monograph

What is it like to be a Muslim possessed by a jinn spirit? How do you find refuge from madness and evil spirits in a place like Denmark?

As elsewhere in Europe and North America, Danish Muslims have become hypervisible through intensive state monitoring, surveillance, and media coverage. Yet their religion remains poorly understood and is frequently identified by politicians, commentators, and even healthcare specialists as the underlying invisible cause of ‘integration problems’.

Over several years Christian Suhr followed Muslim patients being treated in a Danish mosque and in a psychiatric hospital. With this book and award-winning film he provides a unique account of the invisible dynamics of possession and psychosis, and an analysis of how the bodies and souls of Muslim patients are shaped by the conflicting demands of Islam and the psychiatric institutions of European nation-states.

The book reveals how both psychiatric and Islamic healing work not only to produce relief from pain, but also entail an ethical transformation of the patient and the cultivation of religious and secular values through the experience of pain. Creatively exploring the analytic possibilities provided by the use of a camera, both text and film show how disruptive ritual techniques are used in healing to destabilise individual perceptions and experiences of agency, so as to allow patients to submit to the invisible powers of psychotropic medicine or God.

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The passion and performance of contemporary football fandom

Since their emergence in Italy in 1968, ultras have become the most dominant style of football fandom in the world. Since its inception, the ultras style has spread from Southern Europe across North Africa to Northern and Eastern Europe, South East Asia and North America. This book argues that ultras are an important site of enquiry into understanding contemporary society. They are a passionate, politically engaged collective that base their identity around a form of consumption (football) that links to modern notions of identity like masculinity and nationalism. The book seeks to make a clear theoretical shift in studies of football fandom. While it sits in the body of literature focused on political mobilisations, social movements and hooliganism, it emphasises more fundamental sociological questions about group formation, notably collective performances and emotional relationships. By focusing on the common form of expression through the performance of choreographies, chants and sustained support throughout the match, this book shows how members build an emotional attachment to their club that valorises the colours and symbols of that team, whilst mobilising members against opponents. It does this through recognising the importance of gender, politics and violence to the expression of ultras fandom, as well as how this is presented on social media and within the stadium through specular choreographies.

The ultras style of football fandom emerged in 1960s Italy and has spread across Europe and the Mediterranean, to North America and Asia. This is not a history of the ultras, but an analysis of the way history has been used and incorporated into the ultras’ performance. History is an important foundation of ultras groups. It can act as an ‘invented tradition’ where ultras integrate historical narratives of their club, city and nation to present themselves to others. This chapter illustrates some of the many ways in which history has been incorporated into the development of the ultras style.

in Ultras
Open Access (free)
Portraying the exhumation and reburial of Polish Jewish Holocaust victims in the pages of yizkor books

-roots efforts by surviving members of hundreds of destroyed Jewish communities. Meant to commemorate these communities, yizkor books were published in small runs, primarily in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s, by landsmanshaftn, mutual-aid societies of Jews located mainly in Israel and North America but also in South America, Australia, and various countries in Western Europe who 36   Gabriel N. Finder came from the same town or region in Eastern Europe. Six hundred yizkor books have been published. Ninety per cent pertain to Jewish communities within the borders of interwar

in Human remains and identification
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A conclusion

, members build an emotional attachment to their club that valorises the colours and symbols of that team, while denigrating those of their opponents. Since their emergence in Italy in 1968, ultras have become the most dominant style of football fandom in the world. In the decades since, the ultras style has spread from Southern Europe across North Africa to Northern and Eastern Europe, South East Asia and North America. This book has argued that ultras are an important site of enquiry into understanding contemporary society. They are a passionate, politically engaged

in Ultras
Open Access (free)
Mass violence, corpses, and the Nazi imagination of the East

populated by unruly savages was also held at the highest echelons of the Nazi state. In August 1942, commenting on the rising resistance in the East, Hitler remarked: ‘The struggle we are waging there against the partisans resembles very much the struggle in North America against the Red Indians … at all costs we will establish law and order there’.6 Such cultural fantasies regarding a lawless East, ironically encouraged by the efforts directed at mastering it, and the atrocities that occurred in Weissruthenia only served to perpetuate preconceptions of its inherent

in Destruction and human remains
Corpse, bodypolitics and contestation in contemporary Guatemala

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Ninna Nyberg Sørensen I borrow this phrase from North American photographer Jean-Marie Simon (2010). For recent reports on the Central American/Guatemalan crime and violence levels, see: Dudley 2010; Finlay 2010; International Crisis Group 2011. For reports on feminicide in Guatemala, see: Carcedo 2010; CCPDH 2006; Heinrich Böll Stiftung 2009, Musalo et al 2010; Sanford 2007, 2008; Shepard-Durini 2008; Svendsen 2007. The hitherto highest murder rate was reported for 2010, when 304 women were killed. This dimension is

in Governing the dead
Archives and collecting on the frontiers of data-driven science

, exploitation and capture. But, as Jasanoff points out, there are also all sorts of complex alliances and relations that emerge at the colonial frontier. Peter and Robert know that they have to forge relations with the local people in order to get their work done; they are aware of their privileged position as rich North Americans; and they tried to develop a relationship, more or less successfully, with the local people whom they relied upon. What is interesting is the contrast between ‘If everything is information’ 119 the solidity of some of these alliances and

in Ethnography for a data-saturated world
Open Access (free)
A war of extermination, grave looting, and culture wars in the American West

partisans in Eastern Europe as inherently barbarous. ‘The struggle we are waging there’, he said in August 1942, ‘resembles very much the struggle in North America against the Red Indians.’46 How the Argentine military command, from the 1950s through the 1970s, inculcated in rank-and-file soldiers ‘a negative conception of otherness’ that prepared them for the work of assassination and disposal of bodies during the ‘dirty war’.47 And how the techniques of genocide in Rwanda were facilitated by images of the Tutsi body as foreign and unnatural.48 The California experience

in Human remains and identification
Corpse, bodypolitics and contestation in contemporary Guatemala

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Ninna Nyberg Sørensen I borrow this phrase from North American photographer Jean-Marie Simon (2010). For recent reports on the Central American/Guatemalan crime and violence levels, see: Dudley 2010; Finlay 2010; International Crisis Group 2011. For reports on feminicide in Guatemala, see: Carcedo 2010; CCPDH 2006; Heinrich Böll Stiftung 2009, Musalo et al 2010; Sanford 2007, 2008; Shepard-Durini 2008; Svendsen 2007. The hitherto highest murder rate was reported for 2010, when 304 women were killed. This dimension is

in Governing the dead