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liberal humanitarian institutions, which have depended on the financial and political capital of the US. Far from promoting a final and permanent peace, the new security strategy situates the US in an inter-state system in which war is possible at any time, in any location, with any rival, enemy or former ally. How might we explain this apparent shift in American strategy? A growing number of analysts, particularly North Americans, consider that we are seeing the end of the post-war liberal order. And they attribute liberal crisis to two fundamental factors

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector

Introduction In October 2016 the New York Review of Books published an article by International Rescue Committee President David Miliband titled ‘The Best Ways to Deal with the Refugee Crisis’. It began with a predictable target. US Presidential candidate Donald Trump’s claims about a ‘tremendous flow’ of Syrian refugees making their way to North America were based in ‘myth, not fact’, Miliband wrote ( Miliband, 2016 ). Not only that: they also openly belittled the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Challenges and opportunities

This book explores the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats facing the continent and the international community today and in the decades ahead. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security concerns and needs of African governments in a globalized world. The continent has becoming increasingly integrated into an international security architecture, whereby Africans are just as vulnerable to threats emanating from outside the continent as they are from home-grown ones. Thus, Africa and what happens there, matters more than ever. Through an in-depth examination and analysis of the continent’s most pressing traditional and non-traditional security challenges—from failing states and identity and resource conflict to terrorism, health, and the environment—it provides a solid intellectual foundation, as well as practical examples of the complexities of the modern African security environment. Not only does it assess current progress at the local, regional, and international level in meeting these challenges, it also explores new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community through the human security approach.

seized the central North American continent, and successful in how that occupation was legitimised in the name of civilisation, never to face retreat from the lands it claimed. Beyond the settler colonialism of North America, it is claimed that any international US empire today is qualitatively different to those of the past. The United States, it is argued, has built an informal empire with institutional, rather than state-centric, formations. John Ikenberry argues that the American-led global system is organised by consent-based networks of rules, institutions and

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific

. In addition to children, workers are at great risk due to continued, cumulative exposure. Workers who work with leaded paint, for example, can also bring it home to their families on their clothes in the form of dust. In North America, lead poisoning risks remain, particularly around older homes with deteriorating paint and increased dust. How did parents respond to these recalls? If online

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Abstract only
Security politics and identity policy

2001, he also linked terrorism with asylum-seekers, citing the fact that one suspect in the London bombings had been an asylum-seeker and that hence government policy was working to secure the country because ‘Australia [has] a better handle on movements in and out, both lawfully and unlawfully, than Europe and North America have’ ( Ruddock, 2005 ). Later that week Prime Minister

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
Towards a critical turn?

) once claimed, ‘we are travelling without maps’. Indeed, for Simon Dalby, the intellectual disorientation in North America about the future order is compellingly illustrated in various striking claims from ‘clash of civilizations’ by Samuel Huntington to ‘a new geopolitical game in the global chessboard’ by Zbigniew Brzezinski, ‘the coming anarchy

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
New threats, institutional adaptations

2504Introduction 7/4/03 12:37 pm Page 3 1 Eurasian security governance: new threats, institutional adaptations James Sperling Halford Mackinder developed the geostrategic formulation recognising that international politics encompasses the globe. His simple formulation, which guided early twentieth-century policy-makers and theorists in North America and continental Europe alike, held that the state that controls the Eurasian heartland controls the periphery, and the state that controls the periphery controls the world.1 More so than in the first decade of

in Limiting institutions?

North American oil companies. Western dominance in this area of the international economy is coming to an end, a development which will no doubt enhance the energy security of the Asian states, but at the same time diminish the energy security of Europe and North America. The Asian advantage is particularly marked in the oil-rich states of the Caspian Sea area: geopolitics will allow China and other Asian states to pose a direct challenge to the West, especially the United States, when it comes to exploiting new sources of oil and natural gas and controlling the all

in Limiting institutions?
Edwin Borchard between New Haven and Berlin

In this chapter we show how Germany’s fight against the Versailles peace settlement was intertwined with the rise of realism in the US. 1 That early International Relations (IR) realism in North America had a notable German connection is undisputed in the literature. The historiography of IR so far located this connection in the personal history of Jewish émigré scholars, such as Hans J. Morgenthau, John (Hans-Hermann) Herz and Arnold Wolfers. These academics witnessed the collapse of the Weimar Republic and Hitler’s rise to power, which instilled in them

in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks