liberal humanitarian institutions, which have depended on the financial and political capital of the US. Far from promoting a final and permanent peace, the new security strategy situates the US in an inter-state system in which war is possible at any time, in any location, with any rival, enemy or former ally. How might we explain this apparent shift in American strategy? A growing number of analysts, particularly North Americans, consider that we are seeing the end of the post-war liberal order. And they attribute liberal crisis to two fundamental factors

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector

Introduction In October 2016 the New York Review of Books published an article by International Rescue Committee President David Miliband titled ‘The Best Ways to Deal with the Refugee Crisis’. It began with a predictable target. US Presidential candidate Donald Trump’s claims about a ‘tremendous flow’ of Syrian refugees making their way to North America were based in ‘myth, not fact’, Miliband wrote ( Miliband, 2016 ). Not only that: they also openly belittled the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Towards Specialised Services?

standard, high definition (HD) and ultra-high definition (UHD) accounts for 35% of North American Internet traffic in 2015. 26 The major video suppliers used over 60% of consumer bandwidth with NetFlix (34.7%), followed by YouTube (16.88%), Amazon Video (2.94%), iTunes (2.62%) and Hulu (2.48%). By contrast web traffic HTTP was 6%, Facebook (2.51%) with increasing amounts of video, and the most popular

in Network neutrality

of its constituent treaty 34 to operate in this way. By Article 5: the Parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against all; and consequently they agree that, if such an armed attack occurs, each of them, in

in The contemporary law of armed conflict
Abstract only
Their commencement, effects and termination

-Japanese hostilities; Navios Corp. v. The Ulysses II (1958), 161 F. Supp. 932, re Suez. 13 See, e.g., Wilkinson v. Equitable Life Insurance (1956) 195 N.Y.S. 2d 1018 re Korea; Jackson v. North America Insurance of Virginia (1971) 183 South Eastern Reporter, Second Series 160 re Vietnam; Borysoglenski v

in The contemporary law of armed conflict

aircraft from production areas in North America to the United Kingdom. They were also often used as troop transports. Such aircraft are legitimate targets and may be attacked. Protected aircraft Medical aircraft, correctly identified and used exclusively as such, are immune from attack. 43 The parties to a conflict may, by agreement, confer immunity from attack upon specific

in The contemporary law of armed conflict

Initiative and Referendum’ (1913) 3 (2) Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science in the City of New York 155; L.F.C. Garvin, ‘The Constitutional Initiative’ (1903) 177 (560) The North American Review 78; A.L. Lowell, ‘The Referendum, and Initiative: Their Relation to the Interests of Labor in Switzerland and in America’ (1895) 6 (1) International Journal of Ethics 51. 78 79 112 The people’s Constitution law would be their law’.83 O’Higgins made the same point when introducing the provision in the Dáil: [P]ersonal, actual contact between the people and the laws by

in Drafting the Irish Free State Constitution
Open Access (free)
Neutrality, discrimination and common carriage

many comparative research projects, transdisciplinary conversations, expert conversations and interviews over two decades. The book presents the results of fieldwork in South America, North America and Europe over an extended period (2003–15), the latter part of which focused on implementation. 15 This book is based on empirical interviews conducted in-field 16 with regulators, government

in Network neutrality

administration of that country. 72 ‘The Parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America [9/11] shall be considered an attack against them all; and consequently they agree that, if such an armed attack occurs, each of them, in exercise of the right of individual and collective self

in The contemporary law of armed conflict