entry? Because I want to consider,
or at least touch on, the perspective of the patients and consumers of CAM
therapies. Over the last two decades, pioneering scholars have produced pathbreaking work on the constructions and disseminations of Chinese medicine
in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.10 All of these studies have intimately followed doctors and experts operating in private clinics, public hospitals,
research institutions, and medical schools in China, Europe, NorthAmerica,
and elsewhere; and addressing anything from clinical decision-making, and
the victims to rehabilitate.
Jan-Thore Lockertsen’s chapter focuses on the Korean War,
described by NorthAmerican historian Mary Sarnecky as the ‘forgotten war’.55 In Chapter 11, Lockertsen examines the work of the nurses
of the Norwegian Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (NORMASH).
Lockertsen explores the challenging work undertaken in the operating theatres and hospital wards by nurses without any previous military training. Moreover, as with previous wars, the paucity of trained
nursing staff led to the requirement to use local untrained staff and
the need for
Dr Williams’ Pink Pills for Pale People and the hybrid pathways of Chinese
.01’ in 1890,
reportedly amassed a fortune of over £1.6 million after just sixteen years of marketing the pills.
Though it had become an object of contempt and a symbol of quackery in England and NorthAmerica by the early twentieth century, the company existed until 1989.
According to an 1899 Illustrated London News advertisement, Dr Williams’ Pink Pills could cure a vast
research. To the generation of neurologists
who had made their names in the interwar period and were reaching
retirement age, younger generations appeared somewhat adrift and
perhaps even resentful. To most neurologists in the 1950s, the field
appeared to be in decline, a professional discourse that was perhaps
exaggerated by similar complaints in NorthAmerica.15 The reality
was more complicated. The new generation’s experiences, however,
warrant consideration, for they illustrate the tensions that existed in a
specialty that had at last found its own way.
investigation law . This body of law, shaped and qualified by commissions of lunacy (or lunacy trials), constituted a far older and long-standing understanding of, and response to, madness. It was a socio-legal framework for understanding and responding to mental incapacity that would eventually be situated in parallel with laws that signalled a growing emphasis on institutional confinement and inspection in England and, later, in parts of NorthAmerica.
Furthermore, the last section of the Acts, which read, ‘or to restrain or prevent any Friend or
This book reinterprets the history of madness by examining the powerful influence of civil law on understandings of and responses to madness in England and in the North American territory of New Jersey. The influence of civil law on the history of madness has not hitherto been a topic of major academic investigation. Lunacy investigation law (that body of laws encompassing trials in lunacy, chancery court proceedings, proceedings in guardianship and trials of traverse) had its origins in fourteenth-century England. By the eighteenth century, English architects of the civil law had developed a sophisticated legal response to those among the propertied classes who suffered from madness. Lunacy investigation law was also transported successfully along imperial pathways and built into the legal frameworks of several colonies, including New Jersey. In New Jersey a rare and extensive collection of lunacy trials are explored to uncover how customary understandings of and responses to madness were tightly connected to the structures of civil law. The richness of these legal documents allows for an assessment of how civil law, customary responses and institutional alternatives to caring for the mad were balanced in this North American setting before and during the asylum era. Through its analysis of historical precedent, the book also offers insights into on-going contemporary concerns about mental capacity and guardianship.
This book explores how skilled nursing practice develop to become an essential part of the modern health system. It traces the history and development of nursing practice in Europe and North America. The book explores two broad categories of nursing work: the 'hands-on' clinical work of nurses in hospitals and the work of nurses in public health, which involved health screening, health education and public health crisis management. Until the end of the eighteenth century sick children were, for the most part, cared for at home and, if admitted to hospital, were cared for alongside adults. Around 1900 the baby wards of the children's hospitals had a poor reputation because of their high mortality rates due to poor hygiene, malnutrition and insufficient knowledge of child and infant healthcare . The book relates particular experiences of Australian and New Zealand nurses during World War I, With a focus on 'the life of a consumptive' in early twentieth-century Ireland, it examine the experiences of the sanatorium patient. sanatorium nursing. As sanatoria became a special division of public health, sanatorium nursing developed as a branch of nursing distinct from other branches. An analysis of public health and nursing issues during the cholera epidemic shows the changes in the city's health administration and the nursing system after the epidemic. The nurses' work with schoolchildren, coal miners and migrant workers is also examined against the backdrop of economic, social, political, racial and healthcare forces.
Concepts of ‘balance’ have been central to modern politics, medicine and society.
Yet, while many health, environmental and social challenges are discussed
globally in terms of imbalances in biological, social and ecological systems,
strategies for addressing modern excesses and deficiencies have focused almost
exclusively on the agency of the individual. Balancing the Self explores the
diverse ways in which balanced and unbalanced selfhoods have been subject to
construction, intervention and challenge across the long twentieth century.
Through original chapters on subjects as varied as obesity control, fatigue and
the regulation of work, and the physiology of exploration in extreme conditions,
the volume analyses how concepts of balance and rhetorics of empowerment and
responsibility have historically been used for a variety of purposes, by a
diversity of political and social agencies. Historicising present-day concerns,
as well as uncovering the previously hidden interests of the past, this volume’s
wide-ranging discussions of health governance, subjectivity and balance will be
of interest to historians of medicine, sociologists, social policy analysts, and
social and political historians alike.
of funding to gain a better understanding of the changing character of British
healthcare during this period. The question of whether a hospital could remain
a charity whilst taking payments from patients, the recipients of that charity,
is hard to separate from a wider historiographical debate in the social
histories of medicine in Britain, Europe and NorthAmerica, on whether the
hospital had by now lost its social function. 52
investigation came to hold an even more important place in this ‘new world’ society which, until the mid to late nineteenth century, had not developed the same scale of institutional provision for madness as was available in England by that time. But, before laying out the evidence for the effective resettling of lunacy law in NorthAmerica, this chapter begins with a broader consideration of how lunacy law fits into more general assessments of the role of law in the exercise of imperial power.
Lunacy investigation law and empire