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Colonial policing and the imperial endgame 1945–80

The Colonial Police Service was created in 1936 in order to standardise all imperial police forces and mould colonial policing to the British model. This book is the first comprehensive study of the colonial police and their complex role within Britain's long and turbulent process of decolonisation, a time characterised by political upheaval and colonial conflict. The emphasis is on policing conflict rather than the application of British law and crime-fighting in an imperial context. The overlapping between the Irish-colonial and Metropolitan-English policing models was noticeable throughout the British Empire. The policing of Canada where English and Irish styles of policing intermingled, in particular after 1867 when Canada became a nation in its own right with the passage of the British North America Act. Inadequate provisions for the localisation of gazetted officers within most colonies prior to independence led to many expatriates being asked to remain in situ. Post-war reform included the development of police special branches, responsible for both internal and external security. From the British Caribbean to the Middle East, the Mediterranean to British Colonial Africa and on to Southeast Asia, colonial police forces struggled with the unrest and conflict that stemmed from Britain's withdrawal from its empire. A considerable number of them never returned to Britain, settling predominantly in Kenya, South Africa, Australia and Canada. Policing the immediate postcolonial state relied on traditional colonial methods. The case of the Sierra Leone Police is revealing in a contemporary context.

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‘If they treat the Indians humanely, all will be well’

courts of justice and not invalidated because their customs prevented them from taking an oath. The model laws had a particular relevance in British North America where Governor-General Lord Sydenham was being asked to advise on future relations between settlers and Indigenous people. He had few precedents to follow in undertaking this difficult task. To Indigenous peoples

in Equal subjects, unequal rights
Nineteenth-century German literature and indigenous representations

and Oliver Simons have argued, the idea of America in the German consciousness was first realised through literary sources that transformed frontier experiences into a conceptual language that spoke to metropolitan concerns. 1 Despite their frontier topos, these writings were inherently internalist; focusing on German histories, politics and intellectual questions, with little regard for the affairs of indigenous peoples in North America save for where they

in Savage worlds
Routes, rivalries and regionalism in the Pacific

various transactions and the delegation of control. 2 The Australasian colonies were particularly interested in trade to Fiji. This island group was favourably located in the western Pacific, positioned directly along the transpacific ‘highway’ between Sydney and North America. It was also regarded as a gateway into the eastern Pacific, for, as the Otago Daily Times declared in

in Oceania under steam

as men and women of European origin appropriated Indigenous peoples’ lands in North America, southern Africa and Australasia. Imperial expansion to the 1830s The loss of the eastern Atlantic seaboard colonies that constituted the United States of America following the War of Independence posed merely a temporary setback to British imperial expansion. It did, however, mark a

in Equal subjects, unequal rights
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Paul Greenhalgh

exhibitions were staged all over the world, in Africa, Asia, Australasia and South America as well as Europe and North America. This text could not hope to examine in any meaningful way the whole tradition, nor does it attempt to. Rather, it is a study of how the events emerged, how they gained legitimacy as a medium of national expression and how they maintained it through one of the most traumatic stretches

in Ephemeral vistas
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Returned migrants and the Canada Club

, approximately half were Scots, or had Scottish ancestry. Many of those men had close connections with Montreal or Quebec commercial interests, set up as a consequence of earlier fur trading activities. Among these, four members of the Gillespie family, two McGillivrays, William and Simon McTavish, and Alexander Mackenzie were most notable. 15 Even the most influential British member, Edward Ellice, claimed Scottish ancestry, and was a member of a merchant company that had been active in the North American fur trade since the mid-1760s. 16

in Emigrant homecomings
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Recent years have seen an upsurge of interest in the study of migration, emigration and immigration, at both scholarly and popular levels. Throughout Europe, North America and the Antipodes, the enduring popularity of diaspora studies is reflected in numerous research projects and publications, as well as teaching, media and museum coverage, cultural tourism and the promotional and co-ordinating work of bodies such as the Association of European Migration Institutions. 1 But despite all this activity one crucial theme

in Emigrant homecomings
Irish and English influences in Canada

initial priority. Any formal period of colonisation was characterised by violence and upheaval. The police played a crucial role in enforcing the power of the colonial state during periods of rapid social change. In British North America, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand elements of colonial policing were appropriated in British settlement colonies and adapted to individual constabularies. The focus

in At the end of the line
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leagues in North America while, from the 1920s onwards, Caribbean players were a major presence in English league cricket. 32 But that escape need not always be in the playing arena, because many black players found other work through cricketing contacts within the white commerical elite. It must be remembered, however, that there was as much a struggle for level within the

in The imperial game