Identity is contingent and dynamic, constituting and reconstituting subjects with political effects. This book explores the implications of Protestant and 'British' incursions for the development of Irish Catholic identity as preserved in Irish language texts from the early modern period until the end of Stuart pretensions. Questions of citizenship, belonging, migration, conflict, security, peace and subjectivity are examined through social construction, post-colonialism, and gendered lenses from an interdisciplinary perspective. The book explains the issue of cultural Catholicism in the later middle ages, by way of devotional cults and practices. It examines Catholic unionism vis-a-vis Victorian politics, military and imperial service, the crown, and the position of the Catholic Church with relation to the structures of the state in Ireland. In particular the North American experience and especially the importance of the USA for consolidating a particular interpretation of Irish Catholic nationalist identity, is explored. Children studied in English Catholic public schools like Stonyhurst and Downside where the establishment Irish Catholics and rising mercantile classes sought to have the characteristics of the Catholic gentleman instilled in their progeny. The book sets out to detect the voices of those Catholic women who managed to make themselves heard by a wider audience than family and friends in Ireland in the years between the Act of Union of 1800 and independence/partition. It considers what devotional interests both Gaelic Irish and Anglo-Norman actually shared in common as part of a wider late medieval Catholic culture.
on two aspects of the church’s NorthAmericanexperience which both
complicated and extended its role as it had developed in the home country.
First, the place of the church in North America was very dissimilar from its
position in England. Even in those colonies where it was established, the
church in America lacked the massive apparatus of bishops, dioceses,
archdeaconries, and church courts which had been crucial to its functioning
fact of exile often witnessed the
weakening of the link with Catholicism.
Some Irish churchmen such as Cardinal Cullen saw in emigration a
sort of panacea for Ireland’s ills in the mid-nineteenth century, while
bishops in places as far apart as London and Toronto saw the other
side and warned of its dangers as the Irish appeared over-represented in
the criminal classes of the host countries. In Chapter 12, David Doyle
examines in particular the NorthAmericanexperience and especially
the importance of the USA for consolidating a particular interpretation