Search results

Treachery, patriotism and English womanhood
Lucy Bland

had been prompted by a paragraph headed ‘The Cult of the Clitoris’ which in February 1918 had appeared in Billing’s paper The Vigilante: To be a member of Maud Allen’s [sic] private performance in Oscar Wilde’s Salome one has to apply to Miss Valetta of 9 Duke St, Adelphi. If Scotland Yard were to seize the list of these members I have no doubt they would secure the names of several thousand of the first 47,000.3 Reference to the ‘47,000’ originally appeared three weeks earlier, when The Vigilante’s predecessor The Imperialist claimed a ‘Black Book’ was in the

in Modern women on trial
Abstract only
Tanya Cheadle

bourgeoisie, however. While the borderlines of class were threatened by the violent clashes of Bloody Sunday in November 1887 and the subsequent strikes by match girls and dockers, the borderlines of sexuality and gender were rendered equally vulnerable by the twin perils of the masculine New Woman and effeminate decadent man. The novelist George Gissing, frustrated by what he called the ‘crass imbecility of the typical woman’, predicted an impending era of ‘sexual anarchy’, while in Punch, a day into Oscar Wilde’s first criminal trial, an ‘Angry Old Buffer’ blustered over

in Sexual progressives
Society gossip, homosexuality and the logic of revelation in the interwar popular press
Ryan Linkof

… Charlton posed as an oldfashioned Bohemian.’ 29 Swaffer, a longtime friend of Charlton, wrote of how Charlton’s ‘flamboyant’ dress made him somewhat of a public spectacle, but he admitted to being ‘impressed by his elegance’ and even admitted that he had taken inspiration from Charlton’s dandified appearance. 30 Though dandyism did not necessarily denote homosexual behaviour, the post-Oscar Wilde associations between dandyism and sexual immorality could lead to a conceptual slippage between the two. As many historians have shown, the trials of Oscar Wilde had

in British queer history
Brian Sudlow

’s experience also correlates with that of John Gray who is said to be the subject of Oscar Wilde’s The Portrait of Dorian Gray , itself a portrayal of the hidden disorder of sin. Gray’s biographer, Jerusha Hull McCormack, has remarked that redemption for Gray was part of a drama begun and punctuated with sin. 14 This was a pattern which Gray had discovered in the life and work of Paul Verlaine whose poem ‘Mon Dieu m’a dit’ from Sagesse Gray translated for his early collection of poems Silverpoints . 15 While Edward Dowson, another decadent Catholic poet, attended Oscar

in Catholic literature and secularisation in France and England, 1880–1914
Open Access (free)
The use of character evidence in Victorian sodomy trials
H. G. Cocks

demonstration of this fact in the 1871 case of Ernest Boulton and Frederick Park, see Jeffrey Weeks, Sex, Politics and Society: the Regulation of Sexuality in Britain Since 1800 (London: Longmans, 1989); Alan Sinfield, The Wilde Century: Oscar Wilde, Effeminacy and the Queer Moment (New York: Cassell, 1994); Neil Bartlett, Who Was That Man: a Present for Mr Oscar Wilde (London: Penguin, 1987). 5 Morning Chronicle (1 August 1854). Campbell was conducting his own defence. He was neither sent for trial nor fined, his respectability and status having been adequately proved. 6 See

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
Abstract only
British queer history
Brian Lewis

Oscar Wilde sort’. 2 A recent thesaurus gaily mixes together desires, deeds and descriptors in coming up with more than eight hundred synonyms for gay male (from ‘A-gay’ to ‘zebrajox’) and 230 for lesbian (from ‘Amazon’ to ‘zamie girl’). 3 The ‘Juliet question’ – ‘What’s in a name?’ – is just as pertinent and unresolved a decade after Hensher wrote; but he exaggerated the demise of ‘queer’, at least in the academy and upon university campuses, where it remains in robust health. Of all the possible terms, queer is perhaps the most contentious. Before the

in British queer history
An introduction
Joanne Begiato

Hannan (eds), Gender and Material Culture in Britain since 1600 (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016), 68–89 ; Karen Harvey, ‘Men of parts: masculine embodiment and the male leg in eighteenth-century England’, Journal of British Studies 54:4 (2015), 797–821; Dominic Janes, Oscar Wilde Prefigured: Queer Fashioning and British Caricature, 1750–1900 (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2016); Declan Kavanagh, Effeminate Years: Literature, Politics, and Aesthetics in Mid-Eighteenth-Century Britain (Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press, 2017); Matthew

in Manliness in Britain, 1760–1900
Abstract only
Emma Vickers

discernible impact on the classification of bodies between 1914 and 1918. By extension, there is no proof that the doctors employed on the medical boards possessed the skills to identify and label the queer recruit, especially since they were primed to look for physical rather than moral degeneracy. The outbreak of the First World War, and the national emergency that ensued, drowned out debates surrounding effeminacy, decadence and same-­sex desire, debates that had been instigated by the public trials and prosecution of Oscar Wilde in 1895.12 Although there were certainly

in Queen and country
Abstract only
Clemence and Laurence Housman
Jill Liddington

encountered Sandro as ‘a scantily clad Cupid’.11 Back in London, ebullient Laurence enjoyed sociable evenings at the Café Royal with friends Max Beerbohm and William Rothenstein. Having befriended Oscar Wilde, Sandro and he now visited Wilde in his Paris exile, to deliver money collected by the Café Royal set. In the wake of the Wilde trials however, Laurence, like Alfred, required privacy concerning his own homosexuality; and even years later in his autobiography, Laurence remained understandably reticent about his own male relationships. For solace and escape, he now

in Vanishing for the vote
Orientalism, miscegenation fears and female fantasy
Lucy Bland

trial out of general interest.18 The press noted the cosmopolitan air of the court: in addition to ‘many Egyptians’ (which included Egyptians lawyers holding watching briefs for members of Fahmy’s family), they spotted ‘an Indian woman and an elegant man with the mark of Paris stamped on his clothes’. 19 On the last day of the trial it was noted that ‘most of the crowd were foreigners, and many were French’.20 The prosecution was led by Percival Clarke (son of the famous Sir Edward Clarke, QC, who had unsuccessfully defended Oscar Wilde in 1895) while the defence was

in Modern women on trial