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June Cooper

health, workhouse children, juvenile delinquency and cruelty to children which eventually led to the introduction of crucial reforms. This chapter examines the two directly opposing views of PO Societies which emerged in the second half of the nineteenth century. At one end of the spectrum of opinion were Archbishop Cullen and Margaret Aylward who investigated the charity on the grounds of suspected proselytism while at the other were social reformers who regarded the POS boarding-out scheme as an ideal child welfare model worthy of imitation. Missionary work in

in The Protestant Orphan Society and its social significance in Ireland, 1828–1940
Abstract only
Sarah-Anne Buckley

, families in poverty and children placed in the myriad of institutions. The investigation of the industrial schools revealed that Catholic fears of Protestant proselytism and the capitation fee system for industrial schools created a situation in which ‘saving the souls’ of children was an active ‘spiritual’ and material endeavour. The continuation of this policy of institutionalisation by the State ignored the socio-economic reality for families, as institutionalisation was used as a poor alternative to welfare in the first instance, and the promotion of a just and equal

in The cruelty man
Jonathan Benthall

debate. 13 The vexed issues of proselytism and ‘re-Islamization’ have no relevance here (though Islamic Relief is totally committed to non-discrimination when it works in mixed religious areas). There is a problem with mosques near Rharous, since many of them – the most modest places of worship imaginable – are in serious need of repair and refurbishing. Unlike many other Islamic

in Islamic charities and Islamic humanism in troubled times
Jonathan Benthall

, that is, proselytism. Meanwhile, a host of newer organizations – such as the Brahma Kumaris Spiritual University or Soka Gakkai International (Japanese Buddhists) – have been granted consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council; and others such as the Church of Scientology and the World Association of Non-Governmental Organizations, run by the Reverend

in Islamic charities and Islamic humanism in troubled times
Abstract only
Jonathan Benthall

British charities –refusing to renounce proselytism. The other international Islamic relief agency that I visited in Istanbul in 2011 was Kimse Yok Mu (‘Is there anybody there?’), mentioned in Chapter 9 , which is affiliated to the well-established Gülen (or Hizmet) movement, though this is not advertised in its publicity. It was founded quite recently in 2002 and has grown

in Islamic charities and Islamic humanism in troubled times
June Cooper

Home Rule Movement, proselytism remained an inflammable issue. During Queen Victoria’s visit to Ireland, a ‘Children’s Day’ was held in the Phoenix Park on 9 April 1900. The DPOS was also closed ‘on the occasion of Her Majesty’s visit to Dublin’,59 and a member of the committee noted ‘with satisfaction the large assemblage of children recently in the Phoenix Park’.60 Nationalists regarded Children’s Day as a ‘scheme to use the Queen’s visit for making loyal little Britons of the sons and daughters of Irish Nationalists’ and an ‘act of political souperism and possibly

in The Protestant Orphan Society and its social significance in Ireland, 1828–1940
The case of post-tsunami reconstruction in Aceh
Jonathan Benthall

-Muslim societies was in order to exclude the complicating factor that arises when an Islamic charity engages in – or is thought to engage in – a programme of proselytism or ‘re-Islamization’ as an adjunct to its humanitarian goals. The two societies I chose were ones in which Islam is so strongly entrenched that the issue arises only marginally, if at all. The first of two case studies was

in Islamic charities and Islamic humanism in troubled times
The structure of Islamic toleration
Jonathan Benthall

analogical in their method of reasoning’ (Parkin 2000 : 13). The anthropological critique of Christian proselytism led to this, but the modern principle of religious toleration did at least prepare the ground. Let us take as a working assumption that Judaeo-Christian preconceptions remain even with those who have dropped or diluted their Judaeo-Christian beliefs. To get a comparative

in Islamic charities and Islamic humanism in troubled times
Sarah-Anne Buckley

afterwards fell ill and was removed to a hospital where it was discovered that the child was a Catholic. It stated that the child had therefore been ‘improperly placed in the wrong Home’, demonstrating the importance of religious affiliation and fears of proselytism. The same volume recorded the retirement of Inspector Maher of Kilkenny, who had worked for sixteen years as an inspector. It The NSPCC in Ireland, 1889–1921 51 stated: ‘his best work has been done in warning neglectful parents, and he had only lost one case in court during the whole period he has been an

in The cruelty man
Colonial cultures of sport and diplomacy in Afghanistan, 1919–49
Maximilian Drephal

hegemony and indigenous subversion?’, in J. A. Mangan (ed.), Pleasure, Profit, Proselytism: British Culture and Sport at Home and Abroad, 1700–1914 (London: Frank Cass, 1988), 258–72; B. Majumdar, ‘Imperial tool “for” nationalist resistance: the “games ethic” in Indian history’, International Journal of the History of Sport, 21:3–4 (2004); B. Majumdar, ‘Tom Brown goes global: the “Brown” ethic in colonial and post-colonial India’, International Journal of the History of Sport, 23:5 (2006). 30 A. Kirk-Greene, ‘Badge of office: sport and His Excellency in the British

in Sport and diplomacy