The ecoGothic sensibilities of Mary Shelley and Nathaniel Hawthorne
R. A. (2004) Landscape and Ideology in American RenaissanceLiterature:
Topographies of Skepticism (Cambridge: Cambridge University
M. V., Jr. (2009) Nature’s Ghosts: Confronting Extinction
from the Age of Jefferson to the Age of Ecology (Chicago:
University of Chicago Press).
traditional allegorical figure, that of ‘Weeping England’. This
personification appears frequently in English Renaissanceliterature,
particularly in the writings of exiles, as one consequence of the
period’s bitter political and religious conflicts. She is ‘the
mourning woman who mourns in some way for England or the English nation.
Sometimes the woman herself is England, mourning; sometimes she mourns England as an