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Art, literature and antiquarianism in Europe, c. 1400–1700

This book brings together essays on the burgeoning array of local antiquarian practices that developed across Europe in the early modern era (c. 1400–1700). Adopting an interdisciplinary and comparative method it investigates how individuals, communities and regions invented their own ancient pasts according to the concerns they faced in the present. A wide range of ‘antiquities’ – real or fictive, Roman or pre-Roman, unintentionally confused or deliberately forged – emerged through archaeological investigations, new works of art and architecture, collections, history-writing and literature. This book is the first to explore the concept of local concepts of antiquity across Europe in a period that has been defined as a uniform ‘Renaissance’. Contributions take a new novel approach to the revival of the antique in different parts of Italy and also extend to other, less widely studied antiquarian traditions in France, the Netherlands, Spain, Portugal, Britain and Poland. They examine how ruins, inscriptions and literary works were used to provide evidence of a particular idea of local origins, rewrite history or vaunt civic pride. They consider municipal antiquities collections in southern Italy and southern France, the antiquarian response to the pagan, Christian and Islamic past on the Iberian peninsula, and Netherlandish interest in megalithic ruins thought to be traces of a prehistoric race of giants. This interdisciplinary book is of interest for students and scholars of early modern art history, architectural history, literary studies and history, as well as classics and the reception of antiquity.

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distinctiveness of common law and English character, Brian Lockley, Law and Empire in English Renaissance Literature (Cambridge, 2006), esp. 113–41. 18 David J. Seipp, ‘ Bracton , the Year Books, and the “transformation of elementary legal ideas” in the early common law’, Law and History Review 7 (1989), 175–217, esp. 175. 19 See Susan Reynolds, ‘The emergence of professional law in the long twelfth century’, and the response of Paul Brand , ‘The English difference’, both in Law and History Review 21 (2003), 347

in Justice and mercy

. Hartmann and E. Gössmann in Antiqui und Moderni: Traditionsbewusstsein und Fortschrittsbewusstsein im späten Mittelalter , ed. A. Zimmerman (Berlin, 1974), pp. 21–57. 16 See in general J. W. Dean, The World Grown Old in Later Medieval Literature (Cambridge, Mass., 1997). 17 Reynolds, ‘Social mentalities’, p. 22. See also D. Spadafora, The Idea of Progress in Eighteenth Century Britain (New Haven, 1990). 18 Reynolds, ‘Social mentalities’, p. 25. 19 C. S. Lewis, The Discarded Image: An Introduction to Medieval and Renaissance Literature (Cambridge

in Law, laity and solidarities
A Scottish king for an English throne

and empire: the Scottish politics of civilization 1519–1609’, Past and Present, 150 (1996), 46–83 (esp. pp. 47–52). 20 Raphael Holinshed, The Chronicles of England, Scotlande, and Irelande (London, 1587), vol. 2, p. 72 (online edition p. 71). 21 Andrew Hadfield, ‘Bruited abroad: John White and Thomas Harriot’s colonial representations of ancient Britain’, in David J. Baker and Willy Maley (eds), British Identities and English Renaissance Literature (Cambridge, 2002), pp. 159–77 (esp. pp.166–73). See also Lucas de Heere’s drawings (1575) of Scottish Highlanders

in Doubtful and dangerous
The language of loyalty

. Wymer (eds), Neo-Historicism: Studies in Renaissance Literature, History and Politics (Studies in renaissance literature, 5, 2000), ch. 9. 12 Zwicker, ‘Politics of affectivity’, p. 212. 13 Matthew McCormack, ‘Rethinking “loyalty” in eighteenth-century Britain’, Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies , 35 (2012), 409–11. See also F. O’Gorman and A. Bradstock, ‘Loyalism and the British world: overviews, themes and linkages’, in Bradstock and O’Gorman (eds

in Loyalty, memory and public opinion in England, 1658–​1727

Commentary by Conrad H. Rawski (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1991), vol. 1, p. 141. 12 Original and translation from A. Bartlett Giamatti, ‘Hippolytus among the Exiles: The Romance of Early Humanism’, in A. Bartlett Giamatti, Exile and Change in Renaissance Literature (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1984), p. 18. 13 Giamatti, Exile and Change. For a more recent assessment of Petrarch’s role in the rebirth of a classical tradition (as opposed to several) that had died and was born again, see C. W. Kallendorf, ‘Renaissance’, in C. W

in Local antiquities, local identities
1641 and the Iberian Atlantic

in English Renaissance Literature, Shakespeare to Milton (New York, 2003), pp. 76–80. 72 D. Shugen, ‘Irishmen, aristocrats and other white barbarians’, Renaissance Quarterly, 50(2) (1997), 495; N. Johnston, Devil and Demonism in Early Modern England (Cambridge, 2006), pp. 40, 227; Tait, Edwards, Lenihan and Pádraig, ‘Early modern Ireland: a history of violence’, p. 27; C. Cannino, ‘The discourse of Hell: Paradise Lost and the Irish rebellion’, Milton Quarterly, 32(1) (1998), 15–23; C. Carlton, Going to the Wars: the Experience of the British Civil Wars, 1638

in Ireland, 1641
Setting the mould?

’, in Michael Hattaway, ed., A Companion to English Renaissance Literature and Culture (Oxford, 2000), pp. 58–70. 286

in This England

in early modern Ireland: English Renaissance Literature and Elizabethan Imperial Expansion (Cambridge, 2001); P. Palmer, ‘Interpreters and the politics of translation and traduction in sixteenth-­century Ireland’, IHS 33 (2003), pp. 257–77. 14 For a brief introduction see: M. Braddick and J. Walter, ‘Introduction’, in Braddick and Walter (eds), Negotiating Power, pp. 1–42. 15 Kane, ‘Popular Politics’, pp. 332–3. 16 T. Barnard, ‘“Parlour entertainment in an evening?” Histories of the 1640s’, in M.  Ó Siochrú (ed.), Kingdoms in Crisis: Ireland in the 1640s (Dublin

in Ireland in crisis

Renaissance literature’, The Sixteenth Century Journal 21(1) (1990), p. 98. 11 There is an extensive literature on the significance of lineage: Heal and Holmes, The Gentry in England and Wales, pp. 27–30; M. James, Family, Lineage, and Civil Society (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1974), pp. 108–11; M. James, Society, Politics and Culture (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986), pp. 308–415; R. Cust, ‘Honour, rhetoric and political culture: the Earl of Huntingdon and his enemies’, in S.D. Amussen and M.A. Kishlansky (eds), Political Culture and Cultural Politics in Early

in ‘No historie so meete’