Margaret Cavendish: Reason and Fancy
during the Scientific Revolution (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press,
Scott-Baumann, Elizabeth, ‘ “Bake’d in the Oven of Applause”: The Blazon and the
Body in Margaret Cavendish’s Fancies’, Women’s Writing, 15 (2008): 86–106
Spiller, Elizabeth, Science, Reading, and RenaissanceLiterature: The Art of Making
Knowledge, 1580–1670 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004)
Stark, Ryan John, ‘Margaret Cavendish and Composition Style’, Rhetoric Review, 17
Whitaker, Katie, Mad Madge: Margaret Cavendish
Arts of Language (Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 2001 ); P. Mack
(ed.), Renaissance Rhetoric (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1994 ); P. Parker, Literary Fat Ladies:
Rhetoric, Gender, Property (London: Methuen, 1987 ); N. Rhodes, The Power of Eloquence
and English RenaissanceLiterature (London: Harvester
Wheatsheaf, 1992 ); D. Summers, The
10/15/2013 12:52:54 PM
34 Fowler, verse miscellany, folios 185v–6r; Aldrich-Watson, Verse Miscellany, p. 141.
Fanshawe’s poem perhaps also alludes to the praise of the swans of Trent in ‘The
sheapherd’s sirena’ by Michael Drayton, former client of Lord Aston.
35 Spenser, ‘Prothalamion’, line 6.
36 Clifford, Tixall Poetry, p. 215.
37 See H. Hackett, ‘The Aston–Thimelby circle at home and abroad: localism, national
identity and internationalism in the English Catholic community’, in D. Coleman
(ed.), Region, Religion and English Renaissance
Exemplarity, female complaint and early modern women’s poetry
Exemplarity in RenaissanceLiterature, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 1990, p. 5.
11 Ibid., p. 23.
12 Munday, A View of Sundry Examples, folio B2r.
13 Craik, ‘Shakespeare’s A Lover’s Complaint’, p. 449.
14 Ibid., p. 457.
15 See J. Wiltenburg, Disorderly Women and Female Power in the Street Literature of Early
Modern England and Germany, University of Virginia Press, Charlottesville, 1992, pp.
215–16; S. Clark, Women and Crime in the Street Literature of Early Modern England,
Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2004, pp. 91–2; S. A. Kane, ‘Wives with knives:
Reflections on new historicism and cultural materialism
However, others do not associate with new historicism this sense of
detachment. In the Bloomsbury Guide to RenaissanceLiterature
(1992) edited by Marion Wynne-Davies, the entry for new historicism
declares, ‘It is essential to understand that new historicists
do not assume that literature reflects reality and that these
“reflections” enable the reader to recover without
criticism become self-identical terms that can be juxtaposed in a
stable opposition; the critic is “opposed” to
censorship’ (pp. 152–3).
As we saw in Chapter 2 , in order
to carry out its political criticism, cultural materialism must
oppose and expose reactionary standpoints on Renaissanceliterature
and culture by showing them to be politically motivated, thus
problematic and provisional nature. For an early account of the controversy, see
C.J. Summers, ‘Homosexuality and RenaissanceLiterature: Or, The Anxieties of
Anachronism’, South Central Review 9 (1992), pp. 2–23.
Loughlin, Same-sex desire in early modern England.indd 25
Same-Sex Desire in Early Modern England
terms ‘sodomy/sodomite’ and ‘tribadism/tribade’ when discussing aspects of
these particular same-sex discourses, and the terms ‘homosexual’/‘lesbian’
when I am marking a particular text or set of texts as having become
believed, a compact unit that can
economically enfold other kinds of psychically repressed material. But
some societies and periods choose to indulge puns, and the disinhibition
they represent, more than others. As Simon Alderson persuasively
argues, we need to be alive to punning as a historical phenomenon.
Word-play, including play with homonyms, is a salient feature of Classical, medieval, and Renaissanceliterature. But ‘punning’ as a discrete
activity was identified as such in England only in the latter half of the
seventeenth century. By the beginning of the
, Afterlives of the
Saints: Hagiography, Typology, and RenaissanceLiterature (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1996 ).
Lever, The Historie of the Defendors of
the Catholique Faith (London: 1627 ), pp. 67–8.
the names that must be on surveys of the period now, and were not in the
late 1970s). Feminism also brought new ways of thinking about the status
of women and men in canonical works, reminding us of the frequently
insidious workings of patriarchy, and the shockingly limited prospects for
women. Feminist criticism emphasised that the symbolic violence against
women enacted so frequently in Renaissanceliterature was intimately tied
to the real violence against women sanctioned by Renaissance culture.
Feminism, moreover, brought a deconstructive suspicion to