, ‘Perhaps recognizing the centrality
Crossing borders and queering citizenship
of the Caribbean to the core structure of the Dominican experience,
Díaz owns his regional descent in a manner that makes him into a
kind of American to whom the Antillean world matters at the level
of existential immediacy’.8 At its core, The Brief Wondrous Life of
Oscar Wao allows readers to reflect on the hybridity of contemporary
American literature, offering them routes to conceiving of citizenship
as an archipelago of rightsandresponsibilities, or status and habitus,
Liberalism and liberalisation in the niche of nature, culture, and technology
Freedoms : Kelly and Reid, 1998 : 199)
Obviously, as we approach multiple nuanced notions of freedom,
individuals, rights, andresponsibilities in translation, Victorianists must defer to
linguists in specific area studies. Yet as we study the processes of transculturation, we
may conclude with one of the more productive articulations of nineteenth-century western
philosophy, the idea of human underdetermination.
This idea has held that there is no essence of
such as George A.
Romero’s ‘Dead’ sextet, both of which deploy
the zombie as an exploration of the rightsandresponsibilities of
humanity and the inherently oppressive nature of the neoliberal
In the UK, this was characterised by a belief in
active government dedicated to reducing social
: Black Rose Books, 1996).
18 Eng et al., ‘What’s Queer about Queer Studies Now?’ p. 2.
19 Judith Butler, ‘Critically Queer’, GLQ 1 (1993): pp. 17–32, at p. 21.
20 Eng et al., ‘What’s Queer about Queer Studies Now?’ p. 3.
21 Ibid., p. 4.
22 Engin F. Isin confirms that ‘citizenship studies often proceeds with a
focus on the three ontic aspects of citizenship: extent (rules and norms
of exclusion and inclusion), content (rightsandresponsibilities), and
depth (thickness or thinness of belonging)’. We can suggest that these
aspects of citizenship ‘arrive at the scene
incorporation, stood for the first in a political and social
sense: the husband for the wife, the baron for the tenant, the master
for the indentured servant, the lord for the ward. The rights of one to
the use of the labour, property, or body of the other, along with
certain responsibilities towards him or her, were granted to some
definite extent in all these cases. Those rightsandresponsibilities
’, and where ‘the landscape becomes enlivened by a sense of group and family history’ (2001b: 43). Again, we find echoes in the more ideologically driven assertions of tribal nationalism, where:
Indigenous nationhood is more than simple political independence or the exercise of a distinctive cultural identity; it’s also an understanding of a common social interdependence within the community, the tribal web of kinship rightsandresponsibilities that link the People, the land, and the cosmos together in an ongoing and dynamic system of
; in claiming Ojibwe heritage, she does, in effect, come out of the journey with a clearer sense of what is at stake, of what it means to claim Ojibwe identity and of the rightsandresponsibilities that accompany the claim. Perhaps, there, its individualised narrative conjures the ‘departure and return, separation and (re)integration’ implicit in tribal diaspora, the double movement that Justice sees as intrinsic to narratives of motion and migration, and continuity rather than discontinuity (2008: 164).
In relation to the broader
, and in
particular that of the epigram, and that such imitation is a sort of flattery
or honouring. Freeman thus draws a careful line between admiring imitation and illegitimate ‘borrowed’ feathers.
The trope of ‘fathering’ a poem has quite different implications, and
the use of it transposes into the poetic realm the complex legal framework
of parental and filial rightsandresponsibilities in early modern England.
The metaphor builds upon the relationship and likeness between ‘father’
and ‘son’, and the public status and role of bastards, orphans and foundlings
Labour, narrative and community in the novels of Sarah Scott
lines that immediately follow the quotation cited above and
which sit uneasily with the putatively egalitarian ethos of the gift: ‘The
greatest pleasure this world can give us is that of being beloved . . . .
Did you ever see any one that was not fond of a dog that fondled him’
(p. 113). Mrs Mancel’s comments suggest that Millenium Hall owes more
to the logic of contractualism, with its emphasis upon mutual, but
inequitable, rightsandresponsibilities, than to the notion of reciprocal
exchange. Moreover, her insistence upon the community members’
Maria Holmgren Troy, Elizabeth Kella and Helena Wahlström
participatory kinship. In the works of both writers, regeneration privileges
indigenous identity and community first and foremost. Importantly,
though, the regeneration through kinship that the novels envision is
imagined and performative, unrestricted by tribal affiliations and at
least theoretically open to others who are willing to join the ‘fragile
web of rightsandresponsibilities’ (ibid.: 154) accruing to ethical relationships with all kin.
The figure of the child helps generate ‘alternative national narratives’ in fictions that enable, even as they threaten to rupture