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Claire Mitchell

America, sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.17 All three strains of conservative Protestantism have a long-standing following in Northern Ireland and show no signs of secularising. Thirty-two per cent of the population in Northern Ireland identify as fundamentalist, evangelical or born-again – or as a combination of these.18 There is some evidence that their numbers are growing, although it is probably safer to say that numbers do not seem to be declining.19 There are indications that conservative Protestant Churches are picking up members at the expense of main

in Northern Ireland after the troubles
Place, space and discourse
Editors: Christine Agius and Dean Keep

Identity is often regarded as something that is possessed by individuals, states, and other agents. In this edited collection, identity is explored across a range of approaches and under-explored case studies with a view to making visible its fractured, contingent, and dynamic features. The book brings together themes of belonging and exclusion, identity formation and fragmentation. It also examines how identity functions in discourse, and the effects it produces, both materially and in ideational terms. Taking in case studies from Asia-Pacific, Europe, the Middle East and Latin America, the various chapters interrogate identity through formal governing mechanisms, popular culture and place. These studies demonstrate the complex and fluid nature of identity and identity practices, as well as implications for theorising identity.

The place of religion
Karin Fischer

in the past ten to fifteen years have examined the contemporary transformations of Irish society from various angles, and several authors have focused on their impact on perceptions of collective identity, notably on the place of religion in these new perceptions.1 Some writers have developed or questioned the notion of a ‘post-Christian’ Ireland.2 Among the more striking social phenomena, we can include the process of relative secularisation that has taken place since the 1960s, along with a wider socio-cultural and religious diversification that was accelerated

in Schools and the politics of religion and diversity in the Republic of Ireland
Open Access (free)
Alan Cromartie

when supported by the claim that God rewards sincerity (as opposed to dogmatic correctness). Though the decline of Christianity has taken away its original foundation, responsibility to a Creator, the secularisation experienced by most societies has actually entrenched the core assumption, for the tendency to abandon dogmatic religion has been in the name of the value of working out one’s own morality. Both Christianity

in Political concepts
Contingency or transcendence formula of law?
Gunther Teubner

transcendence, which he separates strictly from religious transcendence. While Luhmann concentrates the experience of transcendence in one world of meaning, namely religion, thus implicitly excluding other social spheres, Derrida's deconstructive thought liberates it from this isolation and brings back the disquieting awareness of transcendence into the highly rationalised and secularised worlds of the economy, of

in Critical theory and legal autopoiesis
A comparison
Dick Geary

observance in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century; and, though many German liberals were often staunchly anti-clerical, nowhere was the process of secularisation more advanced than in the working-class districts of Germany’s large industrial cities, where they were Protestant. In 1900, 14 per cent of Protestant Berliners took communion but the evidence. See also Dieter Langewiesche and Klaus Schönhoven, ‘Arbeiterbibliotheken’, Archiv für Sozialgeschichte, 16 (1976), 135–207. 23 Geary, ‘Beer and skittles’, pp. 394–5. 24 On persecution and discrimination in

in Labour and working-class lives
Derrida, Luhmann, Wiethölter
Gunther Teubner

and justice had religious connotations as a matter of course). But in Luhmann's theory, secularisation entails the de-transcendentalisation of all social subsystems and a concentration of the reflection of transcendence in only one system of meaning, that of religion. 38 But is this not at variance with the tough resistance to secularisation displayed by social utopias (socialism, fascism, neo

in Critical theory and legal autopoiesis
Eoin Daly and Tom Hickey

constitutional philosophy has, to some degree, simply mirrored secularisation in Irish society, as it has been strongly associated with religious thought.44 From the 1990s, natural-law claims ‘encountered increasing scepticism’ in the Supreme Court.45 While natural-law thought was explicitly decoupled from Catholic theology as early as the 1970s with the landmark judgment in McGee v. Attorney General,46 the decline of natural law was given forceful expression in the Abortion Information case discussed in Chapter  1.47 Specifically, the Supreme Court rejected the contention

in The political theory of the Irish Constitution
Caste-based discrimination and the mobilisation of Dalit sameness
Ted Svensson

instance, effectively demonstrates that caste-based discrimination is at work even in urban, professional settings (Jodhka 2015, 119–41). Cities have not, contra modernist expectations, under- Pollution and purity183 mined the salience of caste. Urban life does not, in discordance with the belief that cities allow for anonymity and a disintegration of traditional identity signifiers, bring about the abandoning of caste as stratification and organisation. Even though much has happened to casteism as ideology, caste matters – perhaps in an increasingly ‘secularised

in The politics of identity
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

controversy; it merely gives it a powerful emotional charge. Further difficulties have arisen as philosophers have tried to establish the rational basis of human rights. John Locke, for example, argued that human rights are ‘God-given’, but modern secularisation has lessened the impact of this assertion. Man’s claim to special treatment among living things by virtue of his capacity for moral choice, his intellectual

in Understanding political ideas and movements